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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Empirical evidence regarding maternal quality and safety outcomes across heterogeneous Asian and Pacific Islanders subgroups in the United States is limited, despite the importance of this topic to health disp...

    Authors: Tetine Sentell, Ann Chang, Yongjun Cheng and Jill Miyamura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:298

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite the known effects of neuraxial blockade on major vessel function and the rapid decrease in uterine vascular impedance, it is unclear how the blockade affects the utero-placental circulation in the near...

    Authors: Luís Guedes-Martins, Helena Graça, Joaquim P Saraiva, Luísa Guedes, Rita Gaio, Ana S Cerdeira, Filipe Macedo and Henrique Almeida

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:291

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section (CS) rate has increased rapidly over the past two decades in China mainly driven by non-medical factors. This study was to compare recalled preferences for CS among first-time mothers in early...

    Authors: Wei Deng, Reija Klemetti, Qian Long, Zhuochun Wu, Chenggang Duan, Wei-Hong Zhang, Carine Ronsmans, Yu Zhang and Elina Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:285

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The partograph is a graphic display of the progress of labour, recommended by the World Health Organization, but often underused in practice in low- and middle-income countries. We were interested in going bey...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ollerhead and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:281

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Trials of interventions for PPH prevention and treatment rely on different measurement methods for the quantification of blood loss and identification of PPH. This study’s objective was to compare measures of ...

    Authors: Shubha Ambardekar, Tara Shochet, Hillary Bracken, Kurus Coyaji and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:276

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) has increased in most high-income countries during the past twenty years. The consequences of these injuries can be devastating for women and have an...

    Authors: Malin Edqvist, Helena Lindgren and Ingela Lundgren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:258

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Indications for the ex utero intrapartum therapy (EXIT) procedure have evolved and nowadays in addition to secure the airway, obtain vascular access, administer surfactant and other resuscitation medications, ...

    Authors: Lutgardo García-Díaz, Juan Carlos de Agustín, Antonio Ontanilla, Maria Luisa Marenco, Antonio Pavón, Antonio Losada and Guillermo Antiñolo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:252

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Elucidation of the biochemical pathways involved in activation of preterm and term human labour would facilitate the development of effective management and inform judgements regarding the necessity for preter...

    Authors: Robert J Phillips, Michel A Fortier and Andrés López Bernal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:241

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Current research into severe perineal trauma (3rd and 4th degree) focuses upon identification of risk factors, preventative practices and methods of repair, with little focus on women’s experiences of, and intera...

    Authors: Holly S Priddis, Virginia Schmied, Christine Kettle, Anne Sneddon and Hannah G Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:236

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged labour very often causes suffering from difficulties that may have lifelong implications. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and treatment of prolonged labour and to compare birth outcome and...

    Authors: Astrid Nystedt and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:233

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Whereas good data are available on the resuscitation of infants, little is known regarding support of postnatal transition in low-risk term infants after c-section. The present study was performed to describe ...

    Authors: Dimitrios Konstantelos, Sascha Ifflaender, Jürgen Dinger, Wolfram Burkhardt and Mario Rüdiger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:225

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated whether women can accurately recall their birthing experiences after a long period. We investigated the consistency of women’s memories of their childbirth experiences between tho...

    Authors: Kenji Takehara, Makiko Noguchi, Takuya Shimane and Chizuru Misago

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:221

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Childbirth is a challenging and emotive experience that is accompanied by strong positive and/or negative emotions. Memories of birth may be associated with how women cognitively process birth events postpartu...

    Authors: Suzanne Foley, Rosalind Crawley, Stephanie Wilkie and Susan Ayers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:211

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Studies have suggested several risk factors for a negative birth experience among primiparas. Factors that are mentioned frequently include labour dystocia, operative intervention such as acute caesarean secti...

    Authors: Hanna Ulfsdottir, Eva Nissen, Elsa-Lena Ryding, Doris Lund-Egloff and Eva Wiberg-Itzel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:208

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to examine whether a mismatch between a woman’s preferred and actual mode of delivery increases the risk of post-traumatic stress symptoms after childbirth.

    Authors: Susan Garthus-Niegel, Tilmann von Soest, Cecilie Knoph, Tone Breines Simonsen, Leila Torgersen and Malin Eberhard-Gran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:191

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Traditional methods used for prediction of preterm delivery are subjective and inaccurate. The Electrohysterogram (EHG) and in particular the estimation of the EHG conduction velocity, is a relatively new prom...

    Authors: Hinke de Lau, Chiara Rabotti, Herman P Oosterbaan, Massimo Mischi and Guid S Oei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:192

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Progress during early labour may impact subsequent labour trajectories. Women admitted to hospital in latent phase (<3 cm cervical dilation) labour have been shown to be at higher risk of obstetrical intervent...

    Authors: Patricia A Janssen and Sandra Weissinger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:182

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Childbirth assistance in highly technological settings and existing variability in the interventions performed are cause for concern. In recent years, numerous recommendations have been made concerning the imp...

    Authors: Ramón Escuriet, María Pueyo, Herminia Biescas, Cristina Colls, Isabel Espiga, Joanna White, Xavi Espada, Josep Fusté and Vicente Ortún

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:143

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Several European countries report differences in risk of maternal mortality between immigrants from low- and middle-income countries and host country women. The present study identified suboptimal factors rela...

    Authors: Annika Esscher, Pauline Binder-Finnema, Birgit Bødker, Ulf Högberg, Ajlana Mulic-Lutvica and Birgitta Essén

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:141

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Contemporary obstetrics in sub-Saharan Africa is yet to meet the analgesic needs of most women during child birth for a satisfactory birth experience and expectedly, obstetricians have a major role to play in ...

    Authors: Lucky O Lawani, Justus N Eze, Okechukwu B Anozie, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke and Nduka N Ekem

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:140

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The overall caesarean rate in France has increased from 14.3% in 1994–1996 to 21.0% in 2010. This increased rate is a concern in all developed countries: delivery by caesarean induces both short- and long-term...

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Marie-Caroline Tassié, Laurent Gerbaud and Didier Lémery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:135

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of severe maternal morbidity is increasing in high-income countries. However, little has been known about the impact on postnatal morbidity, particularly on psychological health outcomes. The obj...

    Authors: Marie Furuta, Jane Sandall, Derek Cooper and Debra Bick

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:133

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Babies born after midtrimester preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) are at risk to develop neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia. Perinatal mortality and morbidity after this complication is high. Oligohydra...

    Authors: Augustinus S P van Teeffelen, David P van der Ham, Christine Willekes, Salwan Al Nasiry, Jan G Nijhuis, Sander van Kuijk, Ewoud Schuyt, Twan L M Mulder, Maureen T M Franssen, Dick Oepkes, Fenna A R Jansen, Mallory D Woiski, Mireille N Bekker, Caroline J Bax, Martina M Porath, Monique W M de Laat…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:128

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To study pregnancy and delivery outcomes in nulliparous women with severe FOC (fear of childbirth), all of whom had received routine treatment for their FOC and to make comparisons with a healthy reference gro...

    Authors: Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Caroline Lilliecreutz, Anna-Maria Persson, Hanna Vyöni and Ann Josefsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:126

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent pregnancies are a growing public health problem in Cameroon. We sought to study the outcome of such pregnancies, in order to inform public health action.

    Authors: Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Theodore Yangsi Tameh, Eta Ngole Mbong, Philip Njotang Nana, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio, Jovanny Tsuala Fouogue and Robinson Enow Mbu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:102

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Continuity of care during labour is important for women. Women with an intrapartum referral from primary to secondary care look back more negatively on their birh experience compared to those who are not refer...

    Authors: Ank de Jonge, Rosan Stuijt, Iva Eijke and Marjan J Westerman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:103

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Objective was to determine whether fear for external cephalic version (ECV) and depression are associated with the success rate of ECV in women with a breech presentation at term.

    Authors: Emily Ciliacus, Marieke van der Zalm, Sophie E Truijens, Tom H Hasaart, Victor J Pop and Simone M Kuppens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:101

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth is the most common cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Postponing delivery for 48 hours with tocolytics to allow for maternal steroid administration and antenatal transportation to a centr...

    Authors: Elvira OG van Vliet, Ewoud Schuit, Karst Y Heida, Brent C Opmeer, Marjolein Kok, Wilfried Gyselaers, Martina M Porath, Mallory Woiski, Caroline J Bax, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Hubertina CJ Scheepers, Yves Jaquemyn, Erik van Beek, Hans JJ Duvekot, Maureen TM Franssen, Bas N Bijvank…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:93

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite the benefits of mother-newborn skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth, it has not been universally implemented as routine care for healthy term neonates. Midwifes are the first person to contact ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nahidi, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Ebrahim Hajizadeh and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:85

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    The occipito-posterior (OP) fetal head position during the first stage of labour occurs in 10-34% of cephalic presentations. Most will spontaneous rotate in anterior position before delivery, but 5-8% of all b...

    Authors: Marie-Julia Guittier, Véronique Othenin-Girard, Olivier Irion and Michel Boulvain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:83

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) represents a serious problem for women and obstetricians. Because of its association with hemorrhagic shock and predisposition to disseminated coagulopathy, it is a leading cause of...

    Authors: Pavol Zubor, Karol Kajo, Karol Dokus, Stefan Krivus, Lubomir Straka, Kristina Biskupska Bodova and Jan Danko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:80

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Immersion in water during labour is an important non-pharmacological method to manage labour pain, particularly in midwifery-led care settings where pharmacological methods are limited. This study investigates...

    Authors: Mirjam Lukasse, Rachel Rowe, John Townend, Marian Knight and Jennifer Hollowell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:60

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  33. Content type: Research article

    While many women and infants have an uneventful course during the postpartum period, others experience significant morbidity. Effective postpartum care in the community can prevent short, medium and long-term ...

    Authors: Crishan Haran, Mieke van Driel, Benjamin L Mitchell and Wendy E Brodribb

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:51

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  34. Content type: Research article

    External cephalic version (ECV) is offered to reduce the number of Caesarean delivery indicated by breech presentation which occurs in 3-4% of term pregnancies. ECV is commonly performed aided by the applicati...

    Authors: Narayanan Vallikkannu, Wan Nordin Nadzratulaiman, Siti Zawiah Omar, Khaing Si Lay and Peng Chiong Tan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:49

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in pregnancy is distinct from pregnancy-related low back pain (PLBP). However, women with combined PLBP and PGP report more serious consequences in terms of health and function. PGP ha...

    Authors: Cecilia Bergström, Margareta Persson and Ingrid Mogren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:48

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The third stage of labour may be complicated by retained placenta, which should be managed promptly because it may cause severe bleeding and infection, with a potentially fatal outcome. This study evaluated th...

    Authors: Sheelan S Rajab and Shahla K Alalaf

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:37

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfun...

    Authors: Cecilia Ekéus, Ulf Högberg and Mikael Norman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:36

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Postnatal care is an important link in the continuum of care for maternal and child health. However, coverage and quality of postnatal care are poor in low- and middle-income countries. In 2009, the Chinese go...

    Authors: Li Chen, Wu Qiong, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Zhang Yanfeng, Zhang Shuyi, Li Ye, Wang Wei, Du Xiaozhen and Zhang Ting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:31

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  39. Content type: Research article

    For women at low risk of childbirth complications, water immersion during labour is a care option in many high income countries. Our aims were (a) to describe maternal characteristics, intrapartum events, inte...

    Authors: Jane Henderson, Ethel E Burns, Anna L Regalia, Giovanna Casarico, Mary G Boulton and Lesley A Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:17

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Pain experienced during labour is more extreme than many other types of physical pain. Many pregnant women are concerned about labour pain and about how they can deal with this pain effectively.

    Authors: Trudy Klomp, Ank de Jonge, Eileen K Hutton and Antoine LM Lagro-Janssen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:230

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  41. Content type: Research article

    In England, there is a policy of offering healthy women with straightforward pregnancies a choice of birth setting. Options may include home or a freestanding midwifery unit (FMU). Transfer rates from these se...

    Authors: Rachel E Rowe, John Townend, Peter Brocklehurst, Marian Knight, Alison Macfarlane, Christine McCourt, Mary Newburn, Maggie Redshaw, Jane Sandall, Louise Silverton and Jennifer Hollowell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:224

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Information about postpartum maternal morbidity in developing countries is limited and often based on information obtained from hospitals. As a result, the reports do not usually reflect the true magnitude of ...

    Authors: Bouchra Assarag, Dominique Dubourg, Abderrahmane Maaroufi, Bruno Dujardin and Vincent De Brouwere

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:225

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Autoantibody-related congenital heart block (CHB) is an autoimmune condition in which trans placental passage of maternal autoantibodies cause damage to the developing heart conduction system of the foetus.

    Authors: Antonio Di Mauro, Vita Caroli Casavola, Giovanna Favia Guarnieri, Grazia Calderoni, Ettore Cicinelli and Nicola Laforgia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:220

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Childbirth fear has received considerable attention in Scandinavian countries, and the United Kingdom, but not in Australia. For first-time mothers, fear is often linked to a perceived lack of control and disb...

    Authors: Jennifer Fenwick, Jenny Gamble, Debra K Creedy, Anne Buist, Erika Turkstra, Anne Sneddon, Paul A Scuffham, Elsa L Ryding, Vivian Jarrett and Jocelyn Toohill

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:190

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  45. Content type: Research article

    At present, there are no guidelines on prevention and management of postpartum haemorrhage in primary midwifery care in the Netherlands. The first step towards implementing guidelines is the development of a s...

    Authors: Marrit Smit, Susanne IC Sindram, Mallory Woiski, Johanna M Middeldorp and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:194

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean sections are the most common surgical procedure for women in the United States. Of the over 4 million births a year, one in three are now delivered in this manner and the risk adjusted prevalence rate...

    Authors: Joyce K Edmonds, Revital Yehezkel, Xun Liao and Tiffany A Moore Simas

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:168

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Early-onset Group B haemolytic streptococcus infection (EOGBS) is an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the first week of life. Primary prevention of EOGBS is possible with intra-partum ant...

    Authors: Diny GE Kolkman, Marlies EB Rijnders, Maurice GAJ Wouters, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, CPB Kitty van der Ploeg, Christianne JM de Groot and Margot AH Fleuren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:155

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Most countries recommend planned cesarean section in breech deliveries, which is considered safer than vaginal delivery. As one of few countries in the western world Norway has continued to practice planned va...

    Authors: Ingvild Vistad, Milada Cvancarova, Berit L Hustad and Tore Henriksen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:153

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  49. Content type: Study protocol

    Caesarean section (CS) has short and long-term health effects for both the woman and her baby. One of the greatest contributors to the CS rate is elective repeat CS. Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is an ...

    Authors: Caroline SE Homer, Karyn Besley, Jennifer Bell, Deborah Davis, Jon Adams, Alison Porteous and Maralyn Foureur

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:140

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  50. Content type: Study protocol

    Sterile water injections have been used as an effective intervention for the management of back pain during labour. The objective of the current research is to determine if sterile water injections, as an inte...

    Authors: Nigel Lee, Lena B Mårtensson, Caroline Homer, Joan Webster, Kristen Gibbons, Helen Stapleton, Natalie Dos Santos, Michael Beckmann, Yu Gao and Sue Kildea

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:105

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