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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To identify the emotional, social and psychological consequences and recovery process of anal incontinence (AI) following obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and explore if this can be identified as a re...

    Authors: M. R. B. Keighley, Yvette Perston, Elissa Bradshaw, Joanne Hayes, D. Margaret Keighley and Sara Webb

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:275

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal mortality with approximately 225 women dying as a result of it each day especially in low income countries. However, much less is known about morbidi...

    Authors: Margaret Carroll, Deirdre Daly and Cecily M. Begley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:261

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Over the past years, research on neonatal resuscitation has focused on single interventions. The present study was performed to analyze the process quality of delivery room management of preterm infants born b...

    Authors: Dimitrios Konstantelos, Jürgen Dinger, Sascha Ifflaender and Mario Rüdiger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:246

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Most estimates of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) are calculated from studies that use administrative or medical birth databases, and only a few from prospective observational studies.

    Authors: Françoise Vendittelli, Chloé Barasinski, Bruno Pereira and Didier Lémery

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:242

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Maternal age at delivery and cesarean section rates are increasing. In older women, the decision on delivery mode may be influenced by a reported increased risk of surgical interventions during labor and compl...

    Authors: Lina Herstad, Kari Klungsøyr, Rolv Skjærven, Tom Tanbo, Lisa Forsén, Thomas Åbyholm and Siri Vangen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:230

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Maternal morbidity refers to pregnancy-related complications, ranging in severity from acute to chronic. In Ireland one in 210 maternities will experience a severe morbidity. Yet, how women internalize their e...

    Authors: S. Meaney, J. E. Lutomski, L. O’ Connor, K. O’ Donoghue and R. A. Greene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:184

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. As preventive strategies are largely ineffective, threatened preterm labor is a frequent problem that affects approximately 10 % of pregnanci...

    Authors: Frederik J. R. Hermans, Ewoud Schuit, Brent C. Opmeer, Martijn A. Oudijk, Mireille Bekker, Mallory Woiski, Caroline J. Bax, Marieke Sueters, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers, Maureen T. M. Franssen, Eva Pajkrt, Ben Willem J. Mol and Marjolein Kok

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:154

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Satisfaction with birth care is part of quality assessment of care. The aim of this study was to investigate possible differences in satisfaction with intrapartum care among low-risk women, randomized to a mid...

    Authors: Stine Bernitz, Pål Øian, Leiv Sandvik and Ellen Blix

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:143

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2009 WHO and UNICEF recommendation that women receive home-based postnatal care within the first three days after birth, a growing number of low-income countries have explored integrating postnatal h...

    Authors: Margaret McConnell, Allison Ettenger, Claire Watt Rothschild, Faith Muigai and Jessica Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:136

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Unwarranted variation in care practice and outcomes has gained attention and inter-hospital comparisons are increasingly being used to highlight and understand differences between hospitals. Adjustment for cas...

    Authors: Johan Mesterton, Peter Lindgren, Anna Ekenberg Abreu, Lars Ladfors, Monica Lilja, Sissel Saltvedt and Isis Amer–Wåhlin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:125

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A negative birth experience has been shown to have a significant impact on the well-being and future choices of mothers. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and identify the risk facto...

    Authors: Andrei Smarandache, Theresa H. M. Kim, Yvonne Bohr and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:114

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Stress fractures are classified as insufficiency and fatigue fractures. Insufficiency fractures occur when normal stresses are placed on bone with decreased mineralization and elastic resistance; whereas fatig...

    Authors: Nadeen Hilal and Anwar H. Nassar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:96

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The impact of elective induction of labour at term on the increasing caesarean section (CS) rate is unclear. A Cochrane Systematic Review that concluded that elective induction was associated with a reduction ...

    Authors: Mary-Ann Davey and James King

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:92

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a common obstetric complication. Rates of PPH are increasing in a number of developed countries. This is concerning as PPH is recognised as a leading cause of maternal morbidity...

    Authors: T. Dunning, J. M. Harris and J. Sandall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:80

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Midwifery-led care during labour and birth in the UK is increasingly important given national commitments to choice of place of birth, reduction of unnecessary intervention and improving women’s experience of ...

    Authors: Rachel E Rowe, Jennifer J Kurinczuk, Jennifer Hollowell and Marian Knight

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:77

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To study the natural history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) during pregnancy and to compare the rates of persistence, progression and regression of CIN by colposcopically guided biopsy (CGB) durin...

    Authors: Mariella Mailath-Pokorny, Richard Schwameis, Christoph Grimm, Alexander Reinthaller and Stephan Polterauer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:74

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of labor onset has been described as one of the most important judgments in maternity care. There is compelling evidence that the duration of both latent and active phase labor are clinically imp...

    Authors: Gillian E. Hanley, Sarah Munro, Devon Greyson, Mechthild M. Gross, Vanora Hundley, Helen Spiby and Patricia A. Janssen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:71

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  18. Content type: Research article

    A multidisciplinary committee composed of a panel of experts, including a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Institute of Architects, has suggested that the delivery room (DR) and the ne...

    Authors: Gianluca Terrin, Francesca Conte, Antonella Scipione, Vincenzo Aleandri, Maria Di Chiara, Erica Bacchio, Francesco Messina and Mario De Curtis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:63

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cardiotocography (CTG) has high sensitivity, but less specificity in detection of fetal hypoxia. There is need for adjunctive methods easy to apply during labor. Low fetal heart rate short term variation (STV)...

    Authors: Stina Wretler, Malin Holzmann, Sophie Graner, Pelle Lindqvist, Susanne Falck and Lennart Nordström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:55

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Observational data shows that postterm pregnancy (≥42 gestational weeks, GW) and late term pregnancy (≥41 GW), as compared to term pregnancy, is associated with an increased risk for adverse outcome for the mo...

    Authors: Helen Elden, Henrik Hagberg, Anna Wessberg, Verena Sengpiel, Andreas Herbst, Maria Bullarbo, Christina Bergh, Kristian Bolin, Snezana Malbasic, Sissel Saltvedt, Olof Stephansson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Lars Ladfors and Ulla-Britt Wennerholm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:49

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The Japan Academy of Midwifery developed and disseminated the ‘2012 Evidence-based Guidelines for Midwifery Care (Guidelines for Midwives)’ for low-risk births to achieve a more uniform standard of care during...

    Authors: Kaori Baba, Yaeko Kataoka, Kaori Nakayama, Yukari Yaju, Shigeko Horiuchi and Hiromi Eto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:37

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Continuity of care by a primary midwife during the antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum periods has been recommended in Australia and many hospitals have introduced a caseload midwifery model of care. The aim...

    Authors: Della A. Forster, Helen L. McLachlan, Mary-Ann Davey, Mary Anne Biro, Tanya Farrell, Lisa Gold, Maggie Flood, Touran Shafiei and Ulla Waldenström

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:28

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Numerous health benefits are associated with achieving optimal diet and physical activity behaviours during and after pregnancy. Understanding predictors of these behaviours is an important public health consi...

    Authors: Paige van der Pligt, Ellinor K Olander, Kylie Ball, David Crawford, Kylie D Hesketh, Megan Teychenne and Karen Campbell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:27

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Maternal near misses occur more often than maternal deaths and could enable more comprehensive analysis of risk factors, short-term outcomes and prognostic factors of complications during pregnancy and childbi...

    Authors: Annettee Nakimuli, Sarah Nakubulwa, Othman Kakaire, Michael O. Osinde, Scovia N. Mbalinda, Rose C. Nabirye, Nelson Kakande and Dan K. Kaye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:24

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  25. Content type: Research article

    A substantial number of women tend to be affected by Lumbo Pelvic Pain (LPP) following child birth. Physical exercise is indicated as a beneficial method to relieve LPP, but individual studies appear to sugges...

    Authors: Pei-Ching Tseng, Shuby Puthussery, Yannis Pappas and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:316

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Oral misoprostol, administered by trained health-workers is effective and safe for preventing postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). There is interest in expanding administration of misoprostol by non-health workers, i...

    Authors: Sam Ononge, Oona M. R. Campbell, Frank Kaharuza, James J. Lewis, Katherine Fielding and Florence Mirembe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:315

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Manual removal of the placenta is an invasive obstetric procedure commonly used for the management of retained placenta. However, it is unclear whether antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in preventing infect...

    Authors: Ezinne C. Chibueze, Alexander J. Q. Parsons, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Olufemi T. Oladapo and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:313

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Placenta previa and placenta accreta carry significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Several techniques have been described in the literature for controlling massive bleeding associated with plac...

    Authors: Saad A. A. El Gelany, Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Mo’men M. Mohammed, Mohammed T. Gad El-Rab, Ayman M. Yousef, Emad M. Ibrahim and Eissa M. Khalifa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:295

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Patients with morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) are under risk of massive bleeding. It readily necessitates very complicated surgery and massive blood transfusion, and even leads to mortality. Cesarean hysterec...

    Authors: Mehmet Aral Atalay, Fatma Oz Atalay and Bilge Cetinkaya Demir

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:289

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A negative effect of paternal depression on child development has been revealed in several previous studies. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and relevant factors associated with paternal ...

    Authors: Akiko Nishimura, Yuichi Fujita, Mayumi Katsuta, Aya Ishihara and Kazutomo Ohashi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:128

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  31. Content type: Research article

    One in four Australian births are induced. If cervical ripening using a prostaglandin is required, a pre-labour overnight hospitalisation and separation from family and support companions is necessary. Recent ...

    Authors: Chris Wilkinson, Pamela Adelson and Deborah Turnbull

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:126

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  32. Content type: Research article

    With rising obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) rates, the number of women at risk of OASI recurrence is in turn increasing. Decisions regarding mode of subsequent birth following an OASI are complex, and d...

    Authors: Amanda J Ampt, Christine L Roberts, Jonathan M Morris and Jane B Ford

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:31

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The number of caesarean sections (CS) is increasing globally, and repeat CS after a previous CS is a significant contributor to the overall CS rate. Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) can be seen as a real a...

    Authors: Ingela Lundgren, Valerie Smith, Christina Nilsson, Katri Vehvilainen-Julkunen, Jane Nicoletti, Declan Devane, Annette Bernloehr, Evelien van Limbeek, Joan Lalor and Cecily Begley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:16

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is still one of the major causes of severe maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Currently, no guideline for PPH occurring in primary midwifery care in the Netherlands is ava...

    Authors: Marrit Smit, Kar-Li L Chan, Johanna M Middeldorp and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:397

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In the United States, approximately one in 110 pregnancies end in stillbirth affecting more than 26,000 women annually. Women experiencing stillbirth have a threefold greater risk of developing depressive symp...

    Authors: Jennifer Huberty, Jenn A Leiferman, Katherine J Gold, Lacey Rowedder, Joanne Cacciatore and Darya Bonds McClain

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:391

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Repeat caesarean sections make a substantial contribution to the overall caesarean section rate. It is important to understand what influences women to choose this option when the alternative of attempting vag...

    Authors: Natalie Whitelaw, Siladitya Bhattacharya, David McLernon and Mairead Black

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:361

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  37. Content type: Research article

    While international variations in overall cesarean delivery rates are well documented, less information is available for clinical sub-groups. Cesarean data presented by subgroups can be used to evaluate uptake...

    Authors: Marie Delnord, Béatrice Blondel, Nicolas Drewniak, Kari Klungsøyr, Francisco Bolumar, Ashna Mohangoo, Mika Gissler, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Nicholas Lack, Jan Nijhuis, Petr Velebil, Luule Sakkeus, James Chalmers and Jennifer Zeitlin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:321

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Post-partum weight retention contributes to the risk of chronic obesity and metabolic alterations. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of post-partum nutrition...

    Authors: Alexander Arkin Berger, Rachel Peragallo-Urrutia and Wanda K Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:319

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Empirical evidence regarding maternal quality and safety outcomes across heterogeneous Asian and Pacific Islanders subgroups in the United States is limited, despite the importance of this topic to health disp...

    Authors: Tetine Sentell, Ann Chang, Yongjun Cheng and Jill Miyamura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:298

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Despite the known effects of neuraxial blockade on major vessel function and the rapid decrease in uterine vascular impedance, it is unclear how the blockade affects the utero-placental circulation in the near...

    Authors: Luís Guedes-Martins, Helena Graça, Joaquim P Saraiva, Luísa Guedes, Rita Gaio, Ana S Cerdeira, Filipe Macedo and Henrique Almeida

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:291

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section (CS) rate has increased rapidly over the past two decades in China mainly driven by non-medical factors. This study was to compare recalled preferences for CS among first-time mothers in early...

    Authors: Wei Deng, Reija Klemetti, Qian Long, Zhuochun Wu, Chenggang Duan, Wei-Hong Zhang, Carine Ronsmans, Yu Zhang and Elina Hemminki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:285

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The partograph is a graphic display of the progress of labour, recommended by the World Health Organization, but often underused in practice in low- and middle-income countries. We were interested in going bey...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ollerhead and David Osrin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:281

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Trials of interventions for PPH prevention and treatment rely on different measurement methods for the quantification of blood loss and identification of PPH. This study’s objective was to compare measures of ...

    Authors: Shubha Ambardekar, Tara Shochet, Hillary Bracken, Kurus Coyaji and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:276

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) has increased in most high-income countries during the past twenty years. The consequences of these injuries can be devastating for women and have an...

    Authors: Malin Edqvist, Helena Lindgren and Ingela Lundgren

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:258

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Indications for the ex utero intrapartum therapy (EXIT) procedure have evolved and nowadays in addition to secure the airway, obtain vascular access, administer surfactant and other resuscitation medications, ...

    Authors: Lutgardo García-Díaz, Juan Carlos de Agustín, Antonio Ontanilla, Maria Luisa Marenco, Antonio Pavón, Antonio Losada and Guillermo Antiñolo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:252

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Elucidation of the biochemical pathways involved in activation of preterm and term human labour would facilitate the development of effective management and inform judgements regarding the necessity for preter...

    Authors: Robert J Phillips, Michel A Fortier and Andrés López Bernal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:241

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Current research into severe perineal trauma (3rd and 4th degree) focuses upon identification of risk factors, preventative practices and methods of repair, with little focus on women’s experiences of, and intera...

    Authors: Holly S Priddis, Virginia Schmied, Christine Kettle, Anne Sneddon and Hannah G Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:236

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Prolonged labour very often causes suffering from difficulties that may have lifelong implications. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and treatment of prolonged labour and to compare birth outcome and...

    Authors: Astrid Nystedt and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:233

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Whereas good data are available on the resuscitation of infants, little is known regarding support of postnatal transition in low-risk term infants after c-section. The present study was performed to describe ...

    Authors: Dimitrios Konstantelos, Sascha Ifflaender, Jürgen Dinger, Wolfram Burkhardt and Mario Rüdiger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:225

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