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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that Growth Restricted foetuses (FGR) have the tendency to develop more pathological cardiotocograpic tracings during labour than do appropriate for gesta...

    Authors: Silvia Parisi, Clara Monzeglio, Rossella Attini, Marilisa Biolcati, Bianca Masturzo, Manuela Mensa, Marina Mischinelli, Eleonora Pilloni and Tullia Todros

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:209

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cohort studies may increase or decrease their selection bias as they progress through time. The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study has followed 2868 children for over two decades; from fetal int...

    Authors: Scott W. White, Peter R. Eastwood, Leon M. Straker, Leon A. Adams, John P. Newnham, Stephen J. Lye and Craig E. Pennell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:207

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of antenatal corticosteroid treatment for women with threatened preterm birth depends on timely administration within 7 days before delivery. We modelled the probability of delivery within 7 days ...

    Authors: Dane A. De Silva, Sarka Lisonkova, Peter von Dadelszen, Anne R. Synnes and Laura A. Magee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:202

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Women’s childbirth experience can have immediate as well as long-term positive or negative effects on their life, well-being and health. When evaluating and drawing conclusions from research results, women’s e...

    Authors: Helena Nilvér, Cecily Begley and Marie Berg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:203

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the pe...

    Authors: Renske M. Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A. Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:195

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Few population-based studies have examined the epidemiology of massive transfusion for postpartum hemorrhage. The ...

    Authors: Paul I. Ramler, Thomas van den Akker, Dacia D. C. A. Henriquez, Joost J. Zwart and Jos van Roosmalen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:197

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Sheehan’s syndrome occurs because of severe postpartum hemorrhage causing ischemic pituitary necrosis. Sheehan’s syndrome is a well-known condition that is generally diagnosed several years postpartum. However...

    Authors: Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Yutaka Ueda, Kazuya Mimura, Aiko Kakigano, Tomomi Egawa-Takata, Keiichi Kumasawa, Kiyoshi Yoshino and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:188

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Labor that progresses faster than anticipated may lead to unplanned out-of-hospital births. With the aim to improve planning of transportation to birthing institutions, this study investigated predictors of ti...

    Authors: Björn Gunnarsson, Eirik Skogvoll, Ingibjörg Hanna Jónsdóttir, Jo Røislien and Alexander Kr Smárason

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:183

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To compare the mode of delivery between planned home versus planned hospital births and to determine if differences in intervention rates could be interpreted as over- or undertreatment.

    Authors: Jacoba van der Kooy, Erwin Birnie, Semiha Denktas, Eric A.P Steegers and Gouke J. Bonsel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:177

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death, uterine atony accounts for 75-90% of primary postpartum hemorrhage. The efficacy of the Uterine compression suture in the treatment of atonic postp...

    Authors: Abd Elaziz A. El Refaeey, Hosam Abdelfattah, Alaa Mosbah, Anas M. Gamal, Emad Fayla, Waleed Refaie, Abdelhady Zaied, Rafik I. Barakat, Amal K. Seleem and Mohammed Maher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:160

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness a...

    Authors: Larissa G. Duncan, Michael A. Cohn, Maria T. Chao, Joseph G. Cook, Jane Riccobono and Nancy Bardacke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:140

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Evaluate the feasibility of active delivery of the anterior arm during spontaneous delivery. This maneuver could decrease incidence of second-degree perineal tears because it reduces fetal biacromial diameter.

    Authors: Nicolas Mottet, Marine Bonneaud, Astrid Eckman-Lacroix, Rajeev Ramanah and Didier Riethmuller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:141

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and pos...

    Authors: Shiping Liu, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Tingting Sha, Guangyu Zeng and Qiong He

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:133

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Placenta percreta is a life-threatening condition that places patients at risk of massive bleeding. It necessitates very complicated surgery and can result in mortality. Caesarean hysterectomy is the accepted ...

    Authors: Ibrahim Polat, Burak Yücel, Ali Gedikbasi, Halil Aslan and Aysun Fendal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:129

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Rupture of membranes (ROM) before the onset of uterine contractions, particularly in pregnancies less than 37 weeks gestational age, is a common diagnostic problem in obstetrical practice. Timely detection of ...

    Authors: Irogue Igbinosa, Ferney A. Moore III, Cheri Johnson and Jon E. Block

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:128

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort.

    Authors: Eileen A. Curran, Louise C. Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M. Kearney, John F. Cryan, Timothy G. Dinan and Ali S Khashan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:121

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although the current guidelines recommend anticoagulation up until 6 weeks after delivery in women at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of VTE may extend beyond 6 weeks. Our objective was to ...

    Authors: Grégoire Ficheur, Alexandre Caron, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Laurie Ferret, Yu-Jin Jung, Charles Garabedian, Régis Beuscart and Emmanuel Chazard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:119

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Standards Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R©) approach to quality improvement has been implemented in Ethiopia to strengthen routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. This evaluation assessed ...

    Authors: Firew Ayalew, Gizachew Eyassu, Negash Seyoum, Jos van Roosmalen, Eva Bazant, Young Mi Kim, Alemnesh Tekleberhan, Hannah Gibson, Ephrem Daniel and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:115

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant’s life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine b...

    Authors: Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P. J. Day, Michael Parker and Patricia Kingori

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:116

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Maternal and paternal depression has been associated with infants’ behavioral sleep problems. Behavioral sleep interventions, which alter parental cognitions about infant sleep, have improved infant sleep prob...

    Authors: Wendy A. Hall, Melissa Moynihan, Radhika Bhagat and Joanne Wooldridge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:104

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:193

  21. Content type: Research article

    In Australia the choice to birth at home is not well supported and only 0.4% of women give birth at home with a registered midwife. Recent changes to regulatory requirements for midwives have become more restr...

    Authors: Elizabeth Christine Rigg, Virginia Schmied, Kath Peters and Hannah Grace Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:99

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Midwife-led maternity care is shown to be safe for women with low-risk during pregnancy. In Ireland, two midwife-led units (MLUs) were introduced in 2004 when a randomised controlled trial (the MidU study) was...

    Authors: Anna Dencker, Valerie Smith, Colette McCann and Cecily Begley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:101

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  23. Content type: Research article

    For low risk women, there is good evidence that planned birth in a midwifery unit is associated with a reduced risk of maternal interventions compared with planned birth in an obstetric unit. Findings from the...

    Authors: Jennifer Hollowell, Yangmei Li, Kathryn Bunch and Peter Brocklehurst

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:95

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The rate of elective Caesarean Section (CS) is rising in many countries. Many obstetric units in the UK have either introduced or are planning to introduce enhanced recovery (ER) as a means of reducing length ...

    Authors: Ellena Corso, Daniel Hind, Daniel Beever, Gordon Fuller, Matthew J. Wilson, Ian J. Wrench and Duncan Chambers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:91

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal breech delivery is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in term breech pregnancies, and to provide clinicia...

    Authors: Georg Macharey, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Nuutila and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:93

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Simulation in healthcare has proved to be a useful method in improving skills and increasing the safety of clinical operations. The debriefing session, after the simulated scenario, is the core of the simulati...

    Authors: Fabrizio Bracco, Michele Masini, Gabriele De Tonetti, Francesca Brogioni, Arianna Amidani, Sara Monichino, Alessandra Maltoni, Andrea Dato, Claudia Grattarola, Massimo Cordone, Giancarlo Torre, Claudio Launo, Carlo Chiorri and Danilo Celleno

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:89

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and as a result repeat CS is common. The optimal mode of delivery in women with one previous CS is widely debated and the risks to the infant are understud...

    Authors: Sinéad M. O’Neill, Esben Agerbo, Ali S. Khashan, Patricia M. Kearney, Tine Brink Henriksen, Richard A. Greene and Louise C. Kenny

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:74

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Women have experienced severe labour pain over the years and various attempts have been made to effectively manage labour pain. However, there is paucity of literature on the labour pain experience and percept...

    Authors: Lydia Aziato, Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong and Kitimdow Lazarus Umoar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:73

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications during pregnancy, labour, and postnatal period is the first essential step for appropriate and timely referral. This study aimed to investigate predictors o...

    Authors: Nigus Bililign and Tesfahun Mulatu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:70

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  30. Content type: Research article

    We sought to investigate the impact of the duration of second stage of labor on risk of severe perineal lacerations (third and fourth degree).

    Authors: Marija Simic, Sven Cnattingius, Gunnar Petersson, Anna Sandström and Olof Stephansson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:72

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Clinical fetal weight estimation is a common practice in obstetrics. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight estimation by midwives, and to identify factors that may lead to overestimation or ...

    Authors: Assaad Kesrouani, Chady Atallah, Ramzi AbouJaoude, Norma Assaf, Hanaa Khaled and Elie Attieh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:59

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Vaginal delivery, especially operative assisted vaginal delivery, seems to be a major stressor for the neonate. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stress response after metal cup versus Kiwi Omnic...

    Authors: E. A. Huhn, E. Visca, D. R. Vogt, S. von Felten, E. M. Tinner Oehler, C. Bührer, D. Surbek, R. Zimmermann and I. Hoesli

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:47

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The partograph (or partogram) is recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO), for monitoring labour wellbeing and progress. Concerns about limitations in the way the partograph is used in the clinical c...

    Authors: Carol Bedwell, Karen Levin, Celia Pett and Dame Tina Lavender

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:31

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In high-income countries, the incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has increased. This has important public health relevance because severe PPH is a leading cause of major maternal morbidity. Howeve...

    Authors: Lill Trine Nyfløt, Irene Sandven, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Silje Pettersen, Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Margit Rosenberg, Anne Flem Jacobsen and Siri Vangen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:17

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  35. Content type: Research article

    How women experience childbirth is acknowledged as critical to the postnatal wellbeing of mother and baby. However there is a knowledge deficit in identifying the important elements of these experiences in ord...

    Authors: Patricia Larkin, Cecily M. Begley and Declan Devane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:19

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  36. Content type: Research article

    This secondary analysis for the Twin Birth Study, an international, multicenter trial, aimed to compare the cesarean section rates and safety between methods of induction of labor in twin pregnancies.

    Authors: Elad Mei-Dan, Elizabeth V. Asztalos, Andrew R. Willan and Jon F. R. Barrett

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:9

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Maternal ethnicity is a recognized risk factor for stillbirth, such that South Asian women have higher rates than their Caucasian counterparts. However, whether maternal ethnicity is a risk factor for intrapar...

    Authors: Maya Reddy, Euan M. Wallace, Joanne C. Mockler, Lynne Stewart, Michelle Knight, Ryan Hodges, Sasha Skinner and Miranda Davies-Tuck

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:3

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    To investigate perinatal decision-making and the use of obstetric interventions, we examined the effects of antenatal steroids, tocolysis, and delivery mode on birth in a good condition (defined as presence of...

    Authors: Andrei S. Morgan, Neil Marlow, Elizabeth S. Draper, Zarko Alfirević, Enid M. Hennessy and Kate Costeloe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:390

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Retained placenta is associated with severe postpartum hemorrhage. Its etiology is unknown and its biochemistry has not been studied. We aimed to assess whether levels of the antioxidative enzyme Glutathione P...

    Authors: Margit Endler, Sissel Saltvedt, Mohamed Eweida and Helena Åkerud

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:384

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    During the year following the birth of a child, 40% of women are estimated to have an unmet need for contraception. The copper IUD provides safe, effective, convenient, and long-term contraceptive protection t...

    Authors: David Canning, Iqbal H. Shah, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Mahesh Karra, Leigh Senderowicz, Till Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman and Ana Langer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:362

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and the most common reason is repeat CS following previous CS. For most women a vaginal birth after a previous CS (VBAC) is a safe option. However, the rat...

    Authors: Ingela Lundgren, Patricia Healy, Margaret Carroll, Cecily Begley, Andrea Matterne, Mechthild M. Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Sandra Morano, Christina Nilsson and Joan Lalor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:350

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  42. Content type: Research article

    India accounts for 27 % of world’s neonatal deaths. Although more Indian women deliver in facilities currently than a decade ago, early neonatal mortality has not declined, likely because of insufficient quali...

    Authors: Somesh Kumar, Vikas Yadav, Sudharsanam Balasubramaniam, Yashpal Jain, Chandra Shekhar Joshi, Kailash Saran and Bulbul Sood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:345

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The increase rates of cesarean section (CS) occurred at the same period as the dramatic increase of childhood overweight/obesity. In China, cesarean section rates have exponentially increased in the last 20 ye...

    Authors: Erigene Rutayisire, Xiaoyan Wu, Kun Huang, Shuman Tao, Yunxiao Chen and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:338

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  44. Content type: Research article

    McRoberts’ and suprapubic pressure are often recommended as the initial choices of manoeuvres to manage shoulder dystocia, as they are believed to be less invasive compared to other manoeuvres. However, their ...

    Authors: Zara Lin Zau Lok, Yvonne Kwun Yue Cheng and Tak Yeung Leung

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:334

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The use of interventions in childbirth has increased the past decades. There is concern that some women might receive more interventions than they really need. For low-risk women, midwife-led birth settings ma...

    Authors: N. Bolten, A. de Jonge, E. Zwagerman, P. Zwagerman, T. Klomp, J. J. Zwart and C. C. Geerts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:329

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Women, who have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM), can suffer serious and irreversible physical, psychological and psychosexual complications. They have more adverse obstetric outcomes as compa...

    Authors: Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson, Sabera Turkmani, John J. Hall, Susie Nanayakkara, Greg Jenkins, Caroline S. E. Homer and Kevin McGeechan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:328

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  47. Content type: Research article

    By increased concerns about the accuracy of the traditional methods to predict outcomes after induction of labor, developing new standards has a great clinical importance. Here, we compared the predictive valu...

    Authors: Soghra Khazardoost, Fahimeh Ghotbizadeh Vahdani, Sahar Latifi, Sedighe Borna, Maryam Tahani, Mohammad Ali Rezaei and Masoomeh Shafaat

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:330

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The safety of vaginal breech delivery has been debated for decades. Although it has been shown to predispose infants to immediate depression, several observational studies have also shown that attempting vagin...

    Authors: Elli Toivonen, Outi Palomäki, Heini Huhtala and Jukka Uotila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:319

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