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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Reducing stillbirth and early neonatal death is a national priority in the UK. Current evidence indicates this is potentially achievable through application of four key interventions within routine maternity c...

    Authors: Kate Widdows, Holly E. Reid, Stephen A. Roberts, Elizabeth M. Camacho and Alexander E. P. Heazell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:43

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The stillbirth rate is an indicator of quality of care during pregnancy and delivery. Good quality care is supported by a functional heath system. The objective of this study was to explore the risk factors fo...

    Authors: Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Jyoti Sharma, Preeti Negandhi, Monika Chauhan, Siddharth Reddy and Ghanashyam Sethy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:33

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There is a gap in knowledge and understanding relating to the experiences of women exposed to the opportunity of waterbirth. Our aim was to explore the perceptions and experiences of women who achieved or did ...

    Authors: Lucy Lewis, Yvonne L. Hauck, Caroline Crichton, Courtney Barnes, Corrinne Poletti, Helen Overing, Louise Keyes and Brooke Thomson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:23

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean delivery carries a risk of major intra-operative blood loss and its performance is often delayed by non-availability of blood and blood products. Unnecessary cross-matching and reservation of blood l...

    Authors: Fatimat M. Akinlusi, Kabiru A. Rabiu, Idayat A. Durojaiye, Adeniyi A. Adewunmi, Tawaqualit A. Ottun and Yusuf A. Oshodi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:24

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To compare experienced continuity of care among women who received midwife-led versus obstetrician-led care. Secondly, to compare experienced continuity of care with a. experienced quality of care during labor...

    Authors: Hilde Perdok, Corine J. Verhoeven, Jeroen van Dillen, Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker, Karla Hoogendoorn, Jolanda Colli, François G. Schellevis and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:13

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The primary aim was to investigate if supervised exercise training during pregnancy could reduce postpartum weight retention (PPWR) three months after delivery in overweight and obese women. We also measured c...

    Authors: Kirsti K. Garnæs, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å. Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen and Trine Moholdt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Since Misoprostol Vaginal Insert (MVI - Misodel ®) was approved for labor induction in Europe in 2013, to date, no study has been published comparing MVI to Misoprostol vaginal tablets (MVT). The aim of this s...

    Authors: Kjersti Engen Marsdal, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Lise C. Gaudernack and Mirjam Lukasse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:11

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Intrapartum fetal death, the death of a fetus during labour, is a tragic outcome of pregnancy. The intrapartum death rate of a country is reflective of the care received by mothers and babies in labour and it ...

    Authors: K. McNamara, K. O’Donoghue and R. A. Greene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:9

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Since 2010, intensive care can be offered in the Netherlands at 24+0 weeks gestation (with parental consent) but the Dutch guideline lacks recommendations on organization, content and preferred decision-making of...

    Authors: R. Geurtzen, Arno Van Heijst, Rosella Hermens, Hubertina Scheepers, Mallory Woiski, Jos Draaisma and Marije Hogeveen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:7

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:54

  10. Content type: Research article

    Maternal total weight gain during pregnancy influences adverse obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies. However, its impact in twin gestation is less understood. Our objective was to estimate the influence...

    Authors: Paola Algeri, Francesca Pelizzoni, Davide Paolo Bernasconi, Francesca Russo, Maddalena Incerti, Sabrina Cozzolino, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia and Patrizia Vergani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:6

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Women’s views are critical for informing the planning and delivery of maternity care services. ST segment analysis (STan) is a promising method to more accurately detect when unborn babies are at risk of brain...

    Authors: Kate Bryson, Chris Wilkinson, Sabrina Kuah, Geoff Matthews and Deborah Turnbull

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:446

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Placenta percreta is a rare obstetric condition associated with the risk of massive intraoperative hemorrhage. Recently, conservative management of placenta percreta has been performed to reduce maternal morbi...

    Authors: Shinya Matsuzaki, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Masayuki Endo, Takuji Tomimatsu, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Kazuya Mimura, Keiichi Kumasawa, Yutaka Ueda and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:443

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Few data are available to guide biological sample collection around the time of birth for large-scale birth cohorts. We are designing a large UK birth cohort to investigate the role of infection and the develo...

    Authors: S. R. Bailey, C. L. Townsend, H. Dent, C. Mallet, E. Tsaliki, E. M. Riley, M. Noursadeghi, T. D. Lawley, A. J. Rodger, P. Brocklehurst and N. Field

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:439

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Unplanned out-of-hospital birth is often perceived as precipitate in nature, ‘infrequent’, ‘normal’ and ‘uncomplicated’. However, international studies report unplanned out-of-hospital birth is associated with...

    Authors: Belinda Flanagan, Bill Lord and Margaret Barnes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:436

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To determine the cesarean section (CS) rate in Lithuania, identify the groups of women that influence it using the Robson classification and to determine the impact of implementing the use of the Robson classi...

    Authors: Justina Kacerauskiene, Egle Bartuseviciene, Dalia Regina Railaite, Meile Minkauskiene, Arnoldas Bartusevicius, Mindaugas Kliucinskas, Renata Simoliuniene and Ruta J. Nadisauskiene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:432

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute post-partum anaemia can be associated with significant morbidity including a predisposition for postnatal depression. Lack of clear practice guidelines means a number of women are treated with multiple b...

    Authors: Seng Chua, Sarika Gupta, Jennifer Curnow, Beata Gidaszewski, Marjan Khajehei and Hayley Diplock

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:424

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) affects 2–4/1000 live births with outcomes ranging from negligible neurological deficits to severe neuromuscular dysfunction, cerebral palsy and death. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopa...

    Authors: Vanessa E. Torbenson, Mary Catherine Tolcher, Kate M. Nesbitt, Christopher E. Colby, Sherif A. EL-Nashar, Bobbie S. Gostout, Amy L. Weaver, Michaela E. Mc Gree and Abimbola O. Famuyide

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:415

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Breast milk is known to contain many bioactive hormones and peptides, which can influence infant growth and development. In this context, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different cl...

    Authors: Marina Nunes, Clécio Homrich da Silva, Vera Lucia Bosa, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Isabel Cristina Ribas Werlang and Marcelo Zubaran Goldani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:410

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean delivery rate is increasing gradually in China and there is no doubt that delivery mode is closely associated with the maternal health and infant development.This study examined the independent effec...

    Authors: Yabin Hu, Kun Huang, Yuanfang Sun, Jianqing Wang, Yeqing Xu, Shuangqin Yan, Peng Zhu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:407

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Up to now, there is controversy over the effect of delivery mode cesarean delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery on sexual function. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis in postpartum wom...

    Authors: Dazhi Fan, Song Li, Wen Wang, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo and Zhengping Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:408

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Training healthcare providers in Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC) has been shown to be effective in improving their capacity to provide this critical care package for mothers and babies. However, little is know...

    Authors: Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Megan Wilson-Jones, Barbara Madaj and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:403

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Risks of severe, avoidable maternal and neonatal complications at birth are increased if the birth occurs before arrival at the health facility and in the absence of skilled birth attendants. Birth Before Arri...

    Authors: Sikhulile Khupakonke, Andy Beke and Donald H. A. Amoko

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:401

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental and clinical studies indicate that prolonged oxytocin exposure in the first or second stage of labour m...

    Authors: Karin Bischoff, Monika Nothacker, Cornelius Lehane, Britta Lang, Joerg Meerpohl and Christine Schmucker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:399

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Given the controversy around mode of delivery, our objective was to assess the evidence regarding the safest mode of delivery for actively resuscitated extremely preterm cephalic/non-cephalic twin pairs before...

    Authors: Catherine Dagenais, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Marinela Grabovac, Amit Mukerji and Sarah D. McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:397

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Supporting early mother-infant relationships to ensure infants’ future health has been recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate whether video feedback using the Marte Meo method promotes a healthy...

    Authors: Ingeborg Hedegaard Kristensen, Marianne Simonsen, Tea Trillingsgaard and Hanne Kronborg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:379

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To examine the impact of occiput posterior position, compared to occiput anterior position, on neonatal outcomes in a setting where delayed pushing is practiced. The specific aim was to estimate the risk of ac...

    Authors: Kristina Dahlqvist and Maria Jonsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:377

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    The increasing rate of intrapartum cesarean sections is subject of attention and concern as it is associated with adverse outcomes. Labor dystocia is one of the most frequent indications for cesarean sections ...

    Authors: Stine Bernitz, Rebecka Dalbye, Pål Øian, Jun Zhang, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø and Ellen Blix

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:370

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal deaths worldwide. This study sought to quantify the potential health impact (morbidity and mortality reductions) that a low-cost uterine balloon tam...

    Authors: Tara Herrick, Mercy Mvundura, Thomas F. Burke and Elizabeth Abu-Haydar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:374

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that complaints after episiotomy repair depend on the method and material used for repair. The objective of our study was to determine which of two frequently used suture materials,...

    Authors: Roeland Odijk, Bernadette Hennipman, Melek Rousian, Khadija Madani, Marja Dijksterhuis, Jan Willem de Leeuw and Arjan van Hof

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:355

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean delivery accounts for nearly one-third of all births in the U.S. and contributes to an additional $38 billion in healthcare costs each year. Although Cesarean delivery has a long record of improving m...

    Authors: Kandice A. Kapinos, Olga Yakusheva and Marianne Weiss

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:343

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Intermittent Auscultation (IA) is the recommended method of fetal surveillance for healthy women in labour. However, the majority of women receive continuous electronic monitoring. We used the Theoretical Doma...

    Authors: Andrea M. Patey, Janet A. Curran, Ann E. Sprague, Jill J. Francis, S. Michelle Driedger, France Légaré, Louise Lemyre, Marie-Pascale A. Pomey and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:320

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In childbirth, most deliveries are low-risk, defined as spontaneous labor at full term without special high-risk facts or complications, especially in high-resource countries where maternal and perinatal morta...

    Authors: Kayo Ueda, Shosuke Ohtera, Misato Kaso and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:315

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Unexplained variation in induction of labour (IOL) rates exist between hospitals, even after accounting for casemix and hospital differences. We aimed to explore factors that influence clinical decision-making...

    Authors: Tanya A. Nippita, Maree Porter, Sean K. Seeho, Jonathan M. Morris and Christine L. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:317

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  34. Content type: Research article

    No standardised system of triage exists in Maternity Care and local audit identified this to be problematic. We designed, implemented and evaluated an Obstetric Triage System in a large UK maternity unit. This...

    Authors: Sara Kenyon, Alistair Hewison, Sophie-Anna Dann, Jolene Easterbrook, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, April Beckmann and Nina Johns

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:309

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is a rare but serious outcome of vaginal birth. Based on concerns about the increasing number of women who commence childbearing later than previous generation, this stud...

    Authors: Ulla Waldenström and Cecilia Ekéus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:306

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is predominantly transmitted through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). To date, it remains unclear whether the method of parturition affects MTCT of HBV. In order to clarify whether ...

    Authors: Mei Yang, Qin Qin, Qiong Fang, Lixin Jiang and Shaofa Nie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:303

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Many adverse pregnancy outcomes in the UK could be prevented with better intrapartum care. Training for intrapartum emergencies has been widely recommended but there are conflicting data about their effectiven...

    Authors: Erik Lenguerrand, Catherine Winter, Karen Innes, Graeme MacLennan, Dimitrios Siassakos, Pauline Lynch, Alan Cameron, Joanna Crofts, Alison McDonald, Kirsty McCormack, Mark Forrest, John Norrie, Siladitya Bhattacharya and Tim Draycott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:294

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  38. Content type: Research article

    There is an international trend to shorten the postpartum length of stay in hospitals, driven by cost containment, hospital bed availability and a movement toward the ‘demedicalization’ of birth. The aim of th...

    Authors: Nadia Benahmed, Lorena San Miguel, Carl Devos, Nicolas Fairon and Wendy Christiaens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:289

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The partograph is a vital tool for health professionals who need to be able to identify pathological labor. It is used to recognize complications in childbirth on time and to take appropriate actions. We aimed...

    Authors: Haymanot Mezmur, Agumasie Semahegn and Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:291

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Preterm birth is in quantity and in severity the most important topic in obstetric care in the developed world. Progestogens and cervical pessaries have been studied as potential preventive treatments with con...

    Authors: Maud D. van Zijl, Bouchra Koullali, Christiana A. Naaktgeboren, Ewoud Schuit, Dick J. Bekedam, Etelka Moll, Martijn A. Oudijk, Wilhelmina M. van Baal, Marjon A. de Boer, Henricus Visser, Joris van Drongelen, Flip W. van de Made, Karlijn C. Vollebregt, Moira A. Muller, Mireille N. Bekker, Jozien T. J. Brons…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:284

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The current study sought to develop a short birth satisfaction indicator utilising items from the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) for use as a brief measure of birth satisfaction and as a possible key...

    Authors: Colin R. Martin, Caroline Hollins Martin and Maggie Redshaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:277

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Progesterone may be effective in prevention of premature birth in some high risk populations. Women with arrested premature labor are at risk of recurrent labor and maintenance therapy with standard tocolytics...

    Authors: Stephen Wood, Yacov Rabi, Selphee Tang, Rollin Brant and Susan Ross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:258

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Adverse events from intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) are poorly documented yet essential to inform clinical practice for neonatal group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease prevention. In this systematic review,...

    Authors: Farah Seedat, Chris Stinton, Jacoby Patterson, Julia Geppert, Bee Tan, Esther R. Robinson, Noel Denis McCarthy, Olalekan A. Uthman, Karoline Freeman, Samantha Ann Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Colin Stewart Brown, Aileen Clarke and Sian Taylor-Phillips

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:247

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of external cephalic version (ECV) for term breech presentation has been demonstrated. Clinical guidelines recommend ECV for all eligible women, but the uptake of t...

    Authors: Yu Sun Bin, Christine L. Roberts, Michael C. Nicholl and Jane B. Ford

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:244

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Abdominal pregnancy may account for up to 1.4% of all ectopic pregnancies. The incidence of abdominal pregnancy differs in various literatures and ranges between 1:10,000 pregnancies to 1:30, 000 pregnancies. ...

    Authors: Fekade Getachew Hailu, Getnet Tesfaye Yihunie, Ahmed Amdihun Essa and Walelign kindie Tsega

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:243

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  46. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the utility of vaginal placental alpha microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1) protein as a predictor of preterm delivery within 7 days in pregnancies at risk of premature birth.

    Authors: Yasemin Çekmez, Gürkan Kıran, Esra Tuştaş Haberal and Merve Dizdar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:246

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  47. Content type: Research article

    To compare the benefits of magnesium sulfate for 24 h (h) postpartum versus 6 h postpartum in patients who received magnesium sulfate (Mg) for less than 8 h before birth.

    Authors: Paulino Vigil-De Gracia, Ricardo Ramirez, Yarelys Durán and Arelis Quintero

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:241

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The cesarean section (CS) rate has increased over recent decades with poor guideline adherence as a possible cause. The objective of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators for delivering optimal c...

    Authors: Sonja Melman, Rachel Hellen Petra Schreurs, Carmen Desiree Dirksen, Anneke Kwee, Jan Gerrit Nijhuis, Nicol Anna Cornelia Smeets, Hubertina Catharina Johanna Scheepers and Rosella Petronella Maria Gemma Hermens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:230

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  49. Content type: Research article

    The caregiver has an important influence on women’s birth experiences. When transfer of care during labour is necessary, care is handed over from one caregiver to the other, and this might influence satisfacti...

    Authors: Caroline C. Geerts, Jeroen van Dillen, Trudy Klomp, Antoine L. M. Lagro-Janssen and Ank de Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:229

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