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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Fear or anxiety could result in adverse consequences on the course of labour. To date, family members are still not permitted in the delivery rooms in the majority of hospitals in China, and continuous support...

    Authors: Man Wang, Qing Song, Jun Xu, Zheng Hu, Yingying Gong, Arier C. Lee and Qi Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:480

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Repeat cesarean delivery (CD) accounts for approximately 15% of all annual deliveries in the US with an estimated 656,250 operations per year. We aimed to study whether prolonged operative time (OT; skin incis...

    Authors: Misgav Rottenstreich, Hen Y. Sela, Ori Shen, Rachel Michaelson-Cohen, Arnon Samueloff and Orna Reichman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:477

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    About one-third of women report their childbirth as traumatic and up to 10% have severe traumatic stress responses to birth. The prevalence of Posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth (PTSD FC) is es...

    Authors: Josefin Sjömark, Thomas Parling, Maria Jonsson, Margareta Larsson and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:387

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Late- and postterm pregnancy are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, like perinatal death. We evaluated causes of death and substandard care factors (SSFs) in term and postterm perinatal death.

    Authors: Joep C. Kortekaas, Anke C. Scheuer, Esteriek de Miranda, Aimée E. van Dijk, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. J. Mol, Frank P. H. A. Vandenbussche and Jeroen van Dillen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:380

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Rising rates of caesarean section (CS) are a concern in many countries, yet Sweden has managed to maintain low CS rates. Exploring the multifactorial and complex reasons behind the rising trend in CS has becom...

    Authors: Sunita Panda, Deirdre Daly, Cecily Begley, Annika Karlström, Birgitta Larsson, Lena Bäck and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:377

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section is a lifesaving surgical intervention for women and their newborns, though overutilization is a public health concern. The caesarean rate in Bangladesh is approximately 23% overall, and in pr...

    Authors: Tahmina Begum, Cathryn Ellis, Malabika Sarker, Jean-Francois Rostoker, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar and Laura Reichenbach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:368

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  7. Content type: Research article

    For first-time mothers, not knowing how to interact with newborn infants increases anxiety and decreases the quality of the parent–infant interactions. A substantial lack of interactional knowledge can ultimat...

    Authors: Fen-Fang Chung, Gwo-Hwa Wan, Su-Chen Kuo, Kuan-Chia Lin and Hsueh-Erh Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:365

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To assess the impact of 10 years of simulation-based shoulder dystocia training on clinical outcomes, staff confidence, management, and to scrutinize the characteristics of the pedagogical practice of the simu...

    Authors: Johanna Dahlberg, Marie Nelson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren and Marie Blomberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:361

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite several decades of investment into family planning and maternal health systems strengthening, Indonesia’s maternal mortality ratio remains among the highest in Southeast Asia. Among postpartum women un...

    Authors: Belinda Rina Marie Spagnoletti, Linda Rae Bennett, Michelle Kermode and Siswanto Agus Wilopo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:353

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Placenta previa is major obstetric surgical risk as it is associated with higher percentage of intraoperative and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), increased requirement of blood transfusion and further surgical pr...

    Authors: Ahmad Sameer Sanad, Ahmad E. Mahran, Mahmoud Elmorsi Aboulfotouh, Hany Hassan Kamel, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Haitham A. Bahaa, Reham R. Elkateeb, Alaa Gamal Abdelazim, Mohamed Ahmed Zeen El-Din and Hossam El-Din Shawki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:351

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth may reduce the womens’ pain tolerance during labour and may have impact on the mother-infant interaction. We aimed to assess (1) the association between fear of childbirth antepartum and sub...

    Authors: Sabine L. M. Logtenberg, Corine J. Verhoeven, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Anne-Marie Sluijs, Liv M. Freeman, François G. Schellevis and Ben Willem Mol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:347

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  12. Content type: Research article

    While there is increasing interest in identifying pregnancies at risk for adverse outcome, existing prediction models have not adequately assessed population-based risks, and have been based on conventional re...

    Authors: Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Hongqun Zhang, David Hamilton, Alexander C. Allen, K. S. Joseph and Victoria M. Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:333

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Third and fourth degree perineal tears, or obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), sustained during childbirth can result in anal incontinence and psychosocial problems which require ongoing treatment. Withi...

    Authors: Posy Bidwell, Ranee Thakar, Nick Sevdalis, Louise Silverton, Vivienne Novis, Alexandra Hellyer, Megan Kelsey, Jan van der Meulen and Ipek Gurol-Urganci

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:331

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Whether the delivery of a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infant predicts future maternal metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not known. To this aim, we investigated the incidence of MetS and its components in women ...

    Authors: Heidi Hakkarainen, Hanna Huopio, Henna Cederberg, Raimo Voutilainen and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:326

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  15. Content type: Research article

    While their incidence is on the rise, twin pregnancies are associated with risks to the mothers and their babies. This study aims to investigate the likelihood of adverse neonatal outcomes of twins following a...

    Authors: Alex Y. Wang, Nadom Safi, Fathalla Ali, Kei Lui, Zhuoyang Li, Mark P. Umstad and Elizabeth A. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:320

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Becoming the parent of a new baby comes with a range of challenges including difficulties with emotional adjustment, couple relationship issues and difficulty managing common infant behaviors, such as crying a...

    Authors: Mandy Mihelic, Alina Morawska and Ania Filus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:311

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Purpose of this study was to investigate differences between primiparous term pregnancies, one leading to vaginal delivery (VD) and the other to acute cesarean section (CS) due to labor dystocia in the first s...

    Authors: Tuija Hautakangas, Outi Palomäki, Karoliina Eidstø, Heini Huhtala and Jukka Uotila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:304

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The unique clinical features of pregnancy termination in the second trimester with concurrent placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders place obstetricians in a complex and delicate situation. However, there a...

    Authors: Ran Cui, Menghui Li, Junli Lu, Huimin Bai and Zhenyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:298

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have explored the association between a previous caesarean section (CS) and adverse perinatal outcomes in a subsequent pregnancy, especially in women who underwent a non-indicated CS in their first...

    Authors: Hong-Tao Hu, Jing-Jing Xu, Jing Lin, Cheng Li, Yan-Ting Wu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, Xin-Mei Liu and He-Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:273

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Early postnatal period is characterized by dramatic adaptation changes of cardiovascular and respiratory systems in newborns. There is still insufficient data regarding maturation of autonomic regulatory mecha...

    Authors: Marek Kozar, Ingrid Tonhajzerova, Michal Mestanik, Katarina Matasova, Mirko Zibolen, Andrea Calkovska and Kamil Javorka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:264

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  21. Content type: Research article

    There is limited research examining midwives' education, knowledge and practice around immersion in water for labour or birth. Our aim was to address this gap in evidence and build knowledge around this import...

    Authors: Lucy Lewis, Yvonne L. Hauck, Janice Butt, Chloe Western, Helen Overing, Corrinne Poletti, Jessica Priest, Dawn Hudd and Brooke Thomson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:249

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Structural and gender violence in Mexico take on various forms, obstetric violence among them. The objective of our study consisted in analyzing experiences of structural and gender discrimination against wome...

    Authors: Rosario Valdez Santiago, Luz Arenas Monreal, Anabel Rojas Carmona and Mario Sánchez Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:244

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Major concerns of pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus are an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome. The objective of this study was to analyse the rate of fetal distress during labor in women wi...

    Authors: B Castelijn, KWP Hollander, JF Hensbergen, RG IJzerman, AW Valkenburg-van den Berg, JWR Twisk, CJM De Groot and MGAJ Wouters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:228

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In industrialised countries the incidence of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is increasing, for which exact etiology is not well understood. Studies have relied upon retrospective data with estimated blood loss a...

    Authors: Lauren Kearney, Mary Kynn, Rachel Reed, Lisa Davenport, Jeanine Young and Keppel Schafer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:214

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In severe post-partum haemorrhage, death can occur within hours of bleeding onset so interventions to control the bleeding must be given immediately. In clinical trials of treatments for life-threatening bleed...

    Authors: Amy Brenner, Haleema Shakur-Still, Rizwana Chaudhri, Bukola Fawole, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Ian Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:215

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Delayed interval intertwin delivery rates are expected to rise during the next years as potent and targeted tocolytic agents are employed and antenatal surveillance methods become more sophisticated and specif...

    Authors: George Daskalakis, Panagiotis Fotinopoulos, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Mariana Theodora, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Michail Sindos, Nikolaos Papantoniou and Dimitrios Loutradis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:206

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2000s, selective episiotomy has been systematically recommended worldwide. In France, the recommended episiotomy rate in vaginal deliveries is less than 30%. The aims of this study were to describe t...

    Authors: Karine Goueslard, Jonathan Cottenet, Adrien Roussot, Christophe Clesse, Paul Sagot and Catherine Quantin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:208

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Although interventions in childbirth are important in order to prevent neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, non-indicated use may cause avoidable harm. Regional variations in intervention rates, whic...

    Authors: A. E. Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, D. C. Zondag, M. Nieuwenhuijze, T. Van den Akker, C. J. Verhoeven, C. Geerts, F. Schellevis and A. De Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:192

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum hysterectomy can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most studies of peripartum hysterectomy are from high income countries. This cohort study examined risk factors for peripartum hysterectom...

    Authors: Sumaya Huque, Ian Roberts, Bukola Fawole, Rizwana Chaudhri, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Haleema Shakur-Still

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:186

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous vaginal twin delivery after 32nd week of gestation is safe when first twin presenting cephalic. Aim of this study is to identify obstetric factors influencing the condition of second twin and to ve...

    Authors: Gerhard Bogner, Valentina Wallner, Claudius Fazelnia, Martina Strobl, Birgit Volgger, Thorsten Fischer and Volker R. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:176

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) Collaboration” in 2012. The SCC is designed to contribute to quality care by providing reminders of evidence-based practices fo...

    Authors: Pedro J. Saturno-Hernández, María Fernández-Elorriaga, Ismael Martínez-Nicolás and Ofelia Poblano-Verástegui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:154

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Misoprostol vaginal insert for induction of labor has been recently reported to be superior to dinoprostone vaginal insert in a phase III trial, but has never been compared to vaginal misoprostol in another ga...

    Authors: Daniele Bolla, Saskia Vanessa Weissleder, Anda-Petronela Radan, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Luigi Raio, Martin Müller and Daniel Surbek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:149

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Spousal support is important during delivery since it satisfies the women and their spouses. Thus both women and their spouses should be included, where appropriate, in research on labour and birth. This descr...

    Authors: Sermin Timur Taşhan and Yıldız Duru

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:142

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to investigate the accuracy of ultrasound-derived estimated fetal weight (EFW) and to determine its impact on management and outcome of delivery.

    Authors: Johannes Stubert, Adam Peschel, Michael Bolz, Änne Glass and Bernd Gerber

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:118

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5–18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About...

    Authors: Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa and Paul Ng’ang’a

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:107

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that home birth is as safe as hospital birth for low risk multiparous women, and is associated with reduced intervention rates and increased rates of normal birth. However the home birth rate...

    Authors: Jo Naylor Smith, Beck Taylor, Karen Shaw, Alistair Hewison and Sara Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:105

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  37. Content type: Research article

    At present, the maternity care system in the Netherlands is being reorganized into an integrated model of care, shifting the focus of midwives to include increasing numbers of births in hospital settings and c...

    Authors: Suzanne M. Thompson, Marianne J. Nieuwenhuijze, Luc Budé, Raymond de Vries and Lisa Kane Low

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:100

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Having high-quality data available by 2020, disaggregated by income, is one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGD). We explored how well coverage with skilled birth attendance (SBA) is predicted by asset-b...

    Authors: Gary Joseph, Inácio C. M. da Silva, Günther Fink, Aluisio J. D. Barros and Cesar G. Victora

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:104

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The Doppler is thought to be more comfortable and effective compared to the fetoscope for assessing the fetal heart rate (FHR) during labor. However, in a rural Tanzanian hospital, midwives who had easy access...

    Authors: Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege Langli Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Robert Moshiro, Hussein Kidanto and Columba Mbekenga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:103

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Epidural analgesia during labor can provide effective pain relief, but can also lead to adverse effects. The practice of moderate exercise during pregnancy is associated with an increased level of endorphins i...

    Authors: Araceli Navas, Catalina Artigues, Alfonso Leiva, Elena Portells, Aina Soler, Antonia Cladera, Silvia Ortas, Margarita Alomar, Marina Gual, Concepción Manzanares, Marina Brunet, Magdalena Julià, Lidia López, Lorena Granda, Miquel Bennasar-Veny and Mari Carmen Carrascosa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:94

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy, birth and adjusting to a new baby is a potentially stressful time that can negatively affect women’s mental and physical health. Expressive writing, where people write about a stressful event for at...

    Authors: Rosalind Crawley, Susan Ayers, Susan Button, Alexandra Thornton, Andy P. Field, Suzanne Lee, Andrew Eagle, Robert Bradley, Donna Moore, Gill Gyte and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:75

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The use of synthetic oxytocin for augmentation of labor is rapidly increasing worldwide. Hyper-stimulation is the most significant side effect, which may cause fetal distress and operative delivery. We perform...

    Authors: L. C. Gaudernack, K. F. Frøslie, T. M. Michelsen, N. Voldner and M. Lukasse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:76

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Prior to the advent of modern obstetric services, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) have rendered services to pregnant women and women in labour for a long time. Although it is anticipated that women in cont...

    Authors: Lydia Aziato and Cephas N. Omenyo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:64

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Although pregnancy-related laparotomy is a major intervention, literature is limited to small case-control or single center studies. We aimed to identify national incidence rates for postpartum laparotomy rela...

    Authors: Tom Witteveen, Athanasios Kallianidis, Joost J. Zwart, Kitty W. Bloemenkamp, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:61

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Despite the introduction of evidence based guidelines and practical courses, the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage shows an increasing trend in developed countries. Substandard care is often found, which impl...

    Authors: Suzan M. de Visser, Mallory D. Woiski, Richard P. Grol, Frank P. H. A. Vandenbussche, Marlies E. J. L. Hulscher, Hubertina C. J. Scheepers and Rosella P. M. G. Hermens

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:49

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL) describes interventions with the common goal to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). In low- and middle-income countries, implementation of AMTSL is hamper...

    Authors: Tessa M. Raams, Joyce L. Browne, Verena J. M. M. Festen-Schrier, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch and Marcus J. Rijken

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:47

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