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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Twin pregnancy has a high risk for developing uterine atony (UA). This study aimed to evaluate efficacy and clinical outcomes of prophylactic compression sutures to treat UA during twin cesarean section (CS).

    Authors: Mi-La Kim, Yoon-Mi Hur, Hyejin Ryu, Min Jin Lee, Seok Ju Seong and Joong Sik Shin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A large literature search suggests a relationship between hospital/surgeon caseload volume and surgical complications. In this study, we describe associations between post-operative maternal complications foll...

    Authors: Philip S. J. Leonard, Dan L. Crouse, Jonathan G. Boudreau, Neeru Gupta and James T. McDonald

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Women with a migration background are reportedly at a higher risk of emergency caesarean section. There is evidence that this is due in part to suboptimal antenatal care use and quality of care. Despite the fa...

    Authors: C. Miani, A. Ludwig, J. Breckenkamp, O. Sauzet, I-M Doyle, C. Hoeller-Holtrichter, J. Spallek and O. Razum

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Maternal mental health including postpartum mental health is essential to women’s health. This study aimed to develop a specific measure for assessing postpartum depression literacy and consequently evaluate i...

    Authors: Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Azita Noroozi and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Childbirth remains a uniquely multifaceted, mental-cognitive and a major life experience to women. It is composed of a variety of psycho social and emotional aspects and creates memories, sometimes bad experie...

    Authors: Agani Afaya, Veronica Millicent Dzomeku, Elizabeth A. Baku, Richard Adongo Afaya, Mavis Ofori, Samuel Agyeibi, Frederick Boateng, Rosemond Ohwui Gamor, Elsie Gyasi-Kwofie and Prudence P. Mwini Nyaledzigbor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:8

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The 90% effective dose (ED90) of oxytocin infusion has been previously estimated to be 16.2 IU h− 1. However, bolus administration of oxytocin prior to the infusion may decrease the infusion dose required. The ai...

    Authors: Xiao Wei Qian, Dan M. Drzymalski, Chang Cheng Lv, Fei He Guo, Lu Yang Wang and Xin Zhong Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The early postpartum period is the most stressful period for a new mother, who is assuming new roles and responsibilities in life, and must deal with the demands from her newborn baby and her own care needs. L...

    Authors: Xiao Xiao, Fei-wan Ngai, She-ning Zhu and Alice Yuen Loke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Given the sudden and unexpected nature of an emergency caesarean section (EmCS) coupled with an increased risk of psychological distress, it is particularly important to understand the psychosocial outcomes fo...

    Authors: Madeleine Benton, Amy Salter, Nicole Tape, Chris Wilkinson and Deborah Turnbull

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:535

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Pain control and the stress associated with labor and delivery are among the most important issues of health care system. Use of distraction techniques during childbirth is reported to reduce pain and stress o...

    Authors: Paria Amiri, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Khalil Esmaeilpour, Mahin Kamalifard and Reyhaneh Ivanbagha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:534

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To systematically review the literature on clinical interventions that influence vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) rates.

    Authors: Aireen Wingert, Lisa Hartling, Meghan Sebastianski, Cydney Johnson, Robin Featherstone, Ben Vandermeer and R. Douglas Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:529

    Content type: Research article

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  11. We report a process to identify and prioritise research questions in preterm birth that are most important to people affected by preterm birth and healthcare practitioners in the United Kingdom and Republic of...

    Authors: Sandy Oliver, Seilin Uhm, Lelia Duley, Sally Crowe, Anna L. David, Catherine P. James, Zoe Chivers, Gill Gyte, Chris Gale, Mark Turner, Bev Chambers, Irene Dowling, Jenny McNeill, Fiona Alderdice, Andrew Shennan and Sanjeev Deshpande

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:528

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Syria, there are no previous studies on postpartum depression. The aim of this study is was identify the prevalence of postpartum depression and investigate its risk factors among Syrian women seen at the P...

    Authors: Mayada Roumieh, Hyam Bashour, Mayada Kharouf and Salah Chaikha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:519

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Intrapartum fetal mortality can be prevented by quality emergency obstetrics and newborn care (EmONC) during pregnancy and childbirth. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a low-dose high-frequency onsite...

    Authors: Duncan N. Shikuku, Rita Mukosa, Taphroze Peru, Alice Yaite, Janerose Ambuchi and Kenneth Sisimwo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:518

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To scale up a comprehensive way of implementation to reduce neonatal mortality evaluation of factors for neonatal near-miss cases is very important. Certain studies were done in assessing near-miss cases, but ...

    Authors: Abera Mersha, Agegnehu Bante and Shitaye Shibiru

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:516

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In New South Wales (NSW) Australia, women at low risk of complications can choose from three birth settings: home, birth centre and hospital. Between 2000 and 2012, around 6.4% of pregnant women planned to giv...

    Authors: Vanessa L. Scarf, Rosalie Viney, Serena Yu, Maralyn Foureur, Chris Rossiter, Hannah Dahlen, Charlene Thornton, Seong Leang Cheah and Caroline S. E. Homer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:513

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Unplanned out-of-hospital birth is generally assumed to occur for women who are multiparous, have a history of a short pushing phase of labour or are experiencing a precipitate birth. However, there is little ...

    Authors: Belinda Flanagan, Bill Lord, Rachel Reed and Gail Crimmins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:490

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Early postpartum facility discharge negatively impacts mothers’ proper and effective use postnatal care. Cognizant of these facts, home-based postnatal care practices have been promoted to complement facility-...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Chalachew Bekele Shiferaw and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:507

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Maternal heart rate artefact is a signal processing error whereby the fetal heart rate is masked by the maternal pulse, potentially leading to danger by failure to recognize an abnormal fetal heart rate or a p...

    Authors: Daniel J. Kiely, Lawrence W. Oppenheimer and James C. Dornan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:501

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The technique used in the repair of a perineal injury resulting from childbirth could avoid discomfort and morbidity during the postpartum period. Recent studies show inconsistent results and support the need ...

    Authors: Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano, Beatriz Arredondo-López, Leticia Molina-Garcia, Ana Maria Cámara-Jurado, Eva Cocera-Ruiz and Miguel Rodríguez-Delgado

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:499

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) is a relatively new technique in mainland of China, and epidural analgesia is one of the risk factors for uterine rupture. This study aimed to evaluate the eff...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Xuetao Yan, Aiwu Yuan, Xiaolei Huang, Yuci Xiao, Liwei Zou, Danyong Liu, Ting Huang, Zhao Zheng and Yuantao Li

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:498

    Content type: Research article

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  21. As a quality marker and a tool for benchmarking between units, a visual analogue scale (VAS) (ranging from 1 to 10) to estimate woman’s satisfaction with childbirth was introduced in 2014. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Maja Falk, Marie Nelson and Marie Blomberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:494

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Prolonged latent phase of labor is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Preliminary data indicate that labor induction for prolonged latent phase may reduce cesarean delivery. We performed a...

    Authors: Patrick Naveen Sargunam, Lindy Li Mei Bak, Peng Chiong Tan, Narayanan Vallikkannu, Mat Adenan Noor Azmi, Syeda Nureena Zaidi, Sandar Tin Win and Siti Zawiah Omar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:493

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Obstetric hemorrhage is one of the most common causes of obstetrical morbidity and mortality, and transfusion is the most important management for hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to investigate the pre-pr...

    Authors: Yung-Taek Ouh, Kyu-Min Lee, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim, Sung Won Han and Geum Joon Cho

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:477

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Assessing women’s childbirth experiences is a crucial indicator in maternity services because negative childbirth experiences are associated with maternal mortalities and morbidities. Due to the high caesarean...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Anna Dencker, Zahra Fardiazar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Shahla Meedya, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:465

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To determine the risk of cesarean delivery after labor induction among patients with prior placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (pre-eclampsia, late pregnancy loss, placental abruption or intrauterine gro...

    Authors: Leslie Skeith, Grégoire Le Gal, Johanna I. P. de Vries, Saskia Middeldorp, Mariëtte Goddijn, Risto Kaaja, Jean-Christophe Gris, Ida Martinelli, Ekkehard Schleußner, David Petroff, Nicole Langlois and Marc A. Rodger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:455

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a life-threating complication in the field of obstetrics. Sometimes we face with unexpected PAS cases which is potentially higher maternal mortality and morbidity compared wi...

    Authors: Hyo Kyozuka, Akiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Suzuki, Keiya Fujimori, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Tadahiko Yokoyama, Akiko Sato and Koichi Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:447

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an obstetric emergency caused by excessive blood loss that occurs most commonly after the placenta is delivered. PPH can lead to volume depletion, hypovolemic shock, anem...

    Authors: Derartu D. Tekela, Abeba G. Asmare, Birhan M. Gebremariam, Christian A. Assegahegn, Kidist D. Wami, Hundessa D. Nemomssa and Gizeaddis L. Simegn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:438

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbearing age women and is a considerable public health problem. The transition into motherhood is a difficult period that involves significant chang...

    Authors: Solomon Shitu, Biftu Geda and Merga Dheresa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The experience of childbirth crucially impacts a mother’s psychological well-being and the mother-infant relationship. It is recognised that negative births can be linked to different forms of discomfort, both...

    Authors: Valentina Fenaroli, Sara Molgora, Serena Dodaro, Alessandro Svelato, Livia Gesi, Giulia Molidoro, Emanuela Saita and Antonio Ragusa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:419

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing and abnormal fetal heart rate tracing and concern about consequent acidosis remain one of the most common indications for primary CS. Umbilical artery (UA) lactate...

    Authors: Emma R. Allanson, Robert C. Pattinson, Elizabeth A. Nathan and Jan E. Dickinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:405

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To better understand the profound multisystem changes in maternal physiology triggered by parturition, in particular in the underexplored neuronal system, by deploying a panel of pre- vs post-delivery maternal...

    Authors: Katrina Suzanne Evers, Evelyn Annegret Huhn, Sotirios Fouzas, Christian Barro, Jens Kuhle, Urs Fisch, Luca Bernasconi, Olav Lapaire and Sven Wellmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:403

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Although obesity is a well-known risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, evidence is sparse about the effects of interpregnancy weight change on the risk of adverse perinatal complications in a subsequent ...

    Authors: Noor E. W. D. Teulings, Katya L. Masconi, Susan E. Ozanne, Catherine E. Aiken and Angela M. Wood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The absence of a uniform and clinically relevant definition of severe postpartum haemorrhage hampers comparative studies and optimization of clinical management. The concept of persistent postpartum haemorrhage, ...

    Authors: Dacia D. C. A. Henriquez, Ada Gillissen, Sharissa M. Smith, Roos A. Cramer, Thomas van den Akker, Joost J. Zwart, Jos J. M. van Roosmalen, Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp and Johanna G. van der Bom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:361

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Evidence for the relationship between maternal and perinatal factors and the success of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) is conflicting. We aimed to systematically analyze published data on maternal...

    Authors: Yanxin Wu, Yachana Kataria, Zilian Wang, Wai-Kit Ming and Christina Ellervik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:360

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The induction of labour is an increasingly common procedure in the obstetrics field. Various methods have been used to induce labour, among which balloon catheters play an important role. Whether the specifica...

    Authors: Xiyao Liu, Yu Wang, Fan Zhang, Xiaoni Zhong, Rong Ou, Xin Luo and Hongbo Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:358

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Institutional delivery is the cornerstone reducing maternal mortality. Community-based behavioral change interventions are increasing institutional delivery in developing countries. Yet, there is a dearth of i...

    Authors: Melash Belachew Asresie and Gizachew Worku Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:353

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The significant role of midwives in providing labor and delivery care underscores the necessity of the identification of attitudes and beliefs of these groups of maternity care providers toward physiological c...

    Authors: Narges Sadeghzadeh, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:352

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The process of entering motherhood is highly stressful for women, with 15–85% of new mothers experiencing postpartum blues or depression. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based...

    Authors: Wan-Lin Pan, Chiung-Wen Chang, Shin-Ming Chen and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:346

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In a recent population-based study we reported excess risk of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery. In this case-control study we examine whether deviations from Norwegian guidelines are ...

    Authors: Solveig Bjellmo, Sissel Hjelle, Lone Krebs, Elisabeth Magnussen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Women with cardiac disease are thought to be at increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We sought to assess the estimated blood loss (EBL) in our cohort of women with and without cardiac disease (CD) in a q...

    Authors: Hsu Phern Chong, James Hodson, Tara J. Selman, Lucy E. Hudsmith, Peter J. Thompson, Rachel Katherine Morris and Sara Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Oxytocin is an effective drug for induction of labour, but is associated with serious adverse effects of which uterine tachysystole, fetal distress and the need of immediate delivery are the most common. Disco...

    Authors: Sidsel Boie, Julie Glavind, Niels Uldbjerg, Jannet J. H. Bakker, Joris A. M. van der Post, Philip J. Steer and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:320

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Cesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically during the past three decades and surgical site infections are becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean deliv...

    Authors: Mihretu Molla, Kiber Temesgen, Tewodros Seyoum and Mengstu Melkamu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:317

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have become a significant life-threatening issue due to its increased incidence, morbidity and mortality. Several studies have tried to identify the risk factors for P...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Mohammed H. Mosbeh, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma, Ahmed Abd Alghany, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Ahmed M. Azmy, Wegdan A. Ali and Ahmed R. Abdelraheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:313

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Induction of labor occurs in greater than 22% of all pregnancies in the United States. Previous studies have shown that misoprostol is more effective for induction than oxytocin or dinoprostone alone. The Worl...

    Authors: Elizabeth H. Harman Crowell, Alexander M. Crowell and Regan N. Theiler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Continued progress in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in low-income countries requires a renewed focus on quality of delivery care. Reliable electricity and lighting is a cornerstone of a...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki, Brian Mwesigwa, Laura Schmucker and Jessica L. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:306

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. Though the rate of episiotomy has decreased in France, the overall episiotomy rate was 20% in the 2016 national perinatal survey. We aimed to develop a classification to facilitate the analysis of episiotomy p...

    Authors: Thomas Desplanches, Emilie Szczepanski, Jonathan Cottenet, Denis Semama, Catherine Quantin and Paul Sagot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  47. After delivery, some women experience impairment of their mother-infant bonding (MIB), which can lead to long-term disturbances of the mother-child relationship and the child’s social-emotional development. Li...

    Authors: Franziska Lehnig, Michaela Nagl, Holger Stepan, Birgit Wagner and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:278

    Content type: Research article

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  48. To analyze blood loss after delivery in women with induction of labor compared to women with spontaneous onset of labor.

    Authors: Romana Brun, Emilian Spoerri, Leonhard Schäffer, Roland Zimmermann and Christian Haslinger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:265

    Content type: Research article

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