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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health.

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  1. Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing and there are wide variations in rates internationally and nationally. There is evidence that women who attend their obstetrician privately have a higher incidence o...

    Authors: Michael J. Turner, Ciara M. E. Reynolds, Léan E. McMahon, Eimer G. O’Malley, Michael P. O’Connell and Sharon R. Sheehan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:548

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Maternal and neonatal mortality remain a significant problem across much of the developing world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa countries. In Ethiopia, most maternal and neonatal deaths occur during the pos...

    Authors: Markos Manote and Tsegaye Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  3. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for effective prediction of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and guide future clinical application.

    Authors: Hua-Le Zhang, Liang-Hui Zheng, Li-Chun Cheng, Zhao-Dong Liu, Lu Yu, Qin Han, Geng-Yun Miao and Jian-Ying Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Post-partum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern worldwide. There is little evidence in the Chinese context of the relationship between paternal PPD and maternal PPD. Given the growing global co...

    Authors: Zhizhou Duan, Yuanyuan Wang, Ping Jiang, Amanda Wilson, Yan Guo, Yongliang Lv, Xiaonan Yang, Renjie Yu, Shuilan Wang, Zhengyan Wu, Mengqing Xia, Guosheng Wang, Ye Tao, L Xiaohong, Ling Ma, Hong Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The use of obstetric early-warning-systems (EWS) has been recommended to improve timely recognition, management and early referral of women who have or are developing a critical illness. Development of such pr...

    Authors: Aminu Umar, Alexander Manu, Matthews Mathai and Charles Ameh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:531

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African country with high maternal mortality ratio (MMR). According to Ethiopian demographic health survey (EDHS) 2016 report, MMR is 420 among 100,000 live births. Antenatal...

    Authors: Berhan Tsegaye and Mohammed Ayalew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Despite the widespread use of oxygen (O2) in intrauterine resuscitation, the obstetric scientists’ understanding of O2 therapy is full of contradictions. We tested the hypothesis that higher maternal arterial par...

    Authors: Yunhai Chuai, Wen Jiang, Xiaobin Xu, Aiming Wang, Yuanqing Yao and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Skilled birth care during childbirth is reported in the literature as one critical strategy for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the importance of birth care provided by skilled birth attenda...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Deferring cord clamping has proven benefits for both term and preterm infants, and recent studies have demonstrated better cardio-respiratory stability if clamping is based on the infant’s physiology, and whet...

    Authors: Elisabeth Sæther, Friedrich Reinhart-Van Gülpen, Christer Jensen, Tor Åge Myklebust and Beate Horsberg Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is increasing evidence that a history of preeclampsia is an important risk factor for future cardiovascular events. Awareness of this risk could provide opportunities for identification of women at risk,...

    Authors: Tessa E. Dijkhuis, Femke Bloem, Lise A.J. Kusters, Sofie M. Roos, Sanne J. Gordijn, Floor Holvast and Jelmer R. Prins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The world’s understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve as the scientific community discovers unique presentations of this disease. This case report depicts an unexpected intraoperative coagulopathy during a...

    Authors: Kelly Elizabeth Kinsey, Eric Ganz, Susan Khalil and Lois Brustman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:481

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Medical practice variation in caesarean section rates is the most studied type of practice variation in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology. This has not resulted in increased homogeneity of treatment betw...

    Authors: Maarten D H Vink, Piet J G M de Bekker, Xander Koolman, Maurits W van Tulder, Ralph de Vries, Ben Willem J Mol and Eric J E van der Hijden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) is a tool designed to assess women’s perceptions about labor and delivery. The aim of this study was to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the...

    Authors: Renata Cristina Martins da Silva Vieira, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Maiara Lazaretti Rodrigues do Prado, Ana Carolina Sartorato Beleza and Patricia Driusso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There is no available evidence for the prevalence of early labour admission to hospital or its association with rates of intervention and clinical outcomes in Australia. The objectives of this study were to: e...

    Authors: Yvette D. Miller, Ashleigh A. Armanasco, Laura McCosker and Rachel Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Intrapartum respectful maternity care is defined as a fundamental human right that can affect the mother’s experiences. This study aimed to determine the status of respectful maternity care and its relationshi...

    Authors: Khadije Hajizadeh, Maryam Vaezi, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Neuraxial labor analgesia is known to increase the rate of instrumental delivery and prolong the second stage of labor; however, there is no standard method to evaluate the progress of labor under analgesia. F...

    Authors: Hitomi Ando, Shintaro Makino, Jun Takeda, Yojiro Maruyama, Shuko Nojiri, Hiroyuki Sumikura and Atsuo Itakura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Disrespectful maternity care is a key impediment to achieving a good quality care. Identifying predicting factors can be used in mitigating any potential risk in for disrespect and abuse in maternity care. The...

    Authors: Khadije Hajizadeh, Maryam Vaezi, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In many countries, cesarean section has become the most common major surgical procedure. Most nations have high cesarean birth rates, suggesting overuse. Due to the excess harm and expense associated with unne...

    Authors: Carol Sakala, Candice Belanoff and Eugene R. Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Early rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has been used in clinic as appropriate currently. While the outcomes of children born after this method were not well assessed. The purpose of this study wa...

    Authors: Feng Xiong, Qing Sun, Guangui Li, Zhihong Yao, Peilin Chen, Caiyun Wan, Huixian Zhong and Yong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The rate of induction of labor in the U.S. has risen from 9.6% in 1990 to 25.7% in 2018, including 31.7% of first-time births. Recent studies that have examined inductions have been small qualitative studies o...

    Authors: Eugene Declercq, Candice Belanoff and Ronald Iverson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma have been extensively studied for their possible impact on pregnancy, and their involvement in newborn diseases. This work examined Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma carriage among gravidas wome...

    Authors: Avi Peretz, Oran Tameri, Maya Azrad, Shay Barak, Yuri Perlitz, Wadie Abu Dahoud, Moshe Ben-Ami and Amir Kushnir

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:456

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Chorioamnionitis is a frequent complication of pregnancy and is known to be associated with serious adverse post-natal outcomes including death. However, the assessment of fetal well-being in labor in the cont...

    Authors: Dina Zaki, Jaques Balayla, Marc Beltempo, Guillaume Gazil, Anne Monique Nuyt and Isabelle Boucoiran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The latest basic studies and clinical evidence have confirmed the safety and efficacy of intraoperative autologous blood cell transfusion in cardiac surgery and orthopaedics. However, in caesarean section, the...

    Authors: Ye Liu, Xiaoguang Li, Xiangming Che, Guosheng Zhao and Mingjun Xu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a severe complication of pregnancy and is associated with massive haemorrhage, hysterectomy, and even perinatal maternal-foetal death. Prophylactic abdominal aortic ballo...

    Authors: Haijuan Zhu, Shengyou Wang, Jingfa Shi, Lamei Yao, Li Wang, Hongbo Chen and Xiangdong Fang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Skilled assistance during pregnancy and childbirth is one of the key interventions in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. But studies have shown that many women across the globe experience disrespectful...

    Authors: Gizachew Abdissa Bulto, Dereje Bayissa Demissie and Abera Shibru Tulu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The incidence of breech presentation in single pregnancies at term is between three to 5 %. In order to support eligible women in their choice of mode of delivery, a dedicated breech clinic with a care pathway...

    Authors: S. Derisbourg, E. Costa, L. De Luca, S. Amirgholami, V. Bogne Kamdem, A. Vercoutere, W. H. Zhang, S. Alexander, P. M. Buekens, Y. Englert, A. Pintiaux and C. Daelemans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after childbirth may affect mother-infant bonding. This study examined the relationship between aspects of PTSS after childbirth and bonding failure for mothers at 1 month ...

    Authors: Yoshiko Suetsugu, Megumi Haruna and Kiyoko Kamibeppu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The RECIPE study aims to validate a risk prediction model for intrapartum caesarean delivery which has been developed by our group. The Genesis study was a prospective observational study carried out by the Pe...

    Authors: Niamh C Murphy, Naomi Burke, Patrick Dicker, Fiona Cody, Etaoin Kent, Elizabeth C Tully, Fergal D Malone and Fionnuala M Breathnach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:431

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  29. To determine the prevalence, related factors and maternal outcomes of primary PPH in governmental hospitals in Kabul Afghanistan.

    Authors: Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh, Adela Nazari, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Ziba Mazari

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Labour dystocia (LD) is associated with maternal and foeto-neonatal complications and increased rate of caesarean section. There are scant studies on predictive factors of labour dystocia in Iran, as well as i...

    Authors: Jila Nahaee, Fatemeh Abbas-Alizadeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is an increasing global trend towards the widespread over-medicalisation of labour and childbirth. The present study aimed to investigate pregnant women’s clinical characteristics, intrapartum interventi...

    Authors: Chunyi Gu, Xiaojiao Wang, Zhijie Zhang, Simone Schwank, Chunxiang Zhu, Zheng Zhang and Xu Qian

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:423

  32. Poor maternal childbirth experience plays a role in family planning and subsequent pregnancies. The aim of this study was to compare childbirth experiences in induced and spontaneous labor and to investigate t...

    Authors: Katti Adler, Leena Rahkonen and Heidi Kruit

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:415

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The rate of caesarean sections (CS) has increased in the last decades to about 30% of births in high income countries. Many CSs are electively planned without an urgent medical reason for mother or child. An e...

    Authors: Barbara Prediger, Tim Mathes, Stephanie Polus, Angelina Glatt, Stefanie Bühn, Sven Schiermeier, Edmund A. M. Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  34. More than 85% of women sustain different degrees of trauma during vaginal birth. Randomized controlled trials on childbirth pelvic floor trauma have reported a wide range of outcomes and used different outcome...

    Authors: Stergios K. Doumouchtsis, Maria Patricia Rada, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Gabriele Falconi, Jorge Milhem Haddad and Cornelia Betschart

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:376

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Research regarding support provided for poor maternal postnatal mental health (such as depression, anxiety disorders, and postpartum psychosis) is relatively common. Fathers appear to play an important role su...

    Authors: Andrew Mayers, Sarah Hambidge, Olivia Bryant and Emily Arden-Close

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In low-resource settings with few health workers, Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) monitoring in labour can be inconsistent and unreliable. An initiative to improve fetal monitoring was implemented in two public hospita...

    Authors: K. Borzie, N. Jasper, D. P. Southall, R. MacDonald, A. A. Kola, O. Dolo, A. Magnus, S. D. Watson, M. Casement, B. Dahn and W. Jallah

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:362

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Manual perineal protection (MPP) is an intrapartum intervention suggested to protect perineal integrity during childbirth. Proper execution of MPP is complex and evaluation of its true contribution is difficul...

    Authors: Vladimir Kalis, Zdenek Rusavy, Linda Havelkova, Tomas Zitka, David Tolar and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:361

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The incidence of thromboembolic complications is highest in the immediate postpartum period, especially following caesarean delivery (CD). Ambulation following CD is important in their prevention. We examined ...

    Authors: Hadas Ganer Herman, Masha Ben Zvi, Daniel Tairy, Ilia Kleiner, Noa Gonen, Limor Kuper Sason, Jacob Bar and Michal Kovo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  39. It is discussed whether fetal scalp stimulation (FSS) test is a reliable complimentary tool to cardiotocography (CTG) to assess fetal wellbeing during labor. The test is based on the assumption that a well-oxy...

    Authors: Farzaneh Shakouri, Linda Iorizzo, Hellen Mc Kinnon Edwards, Christina Anne Vinter, Karl Kristensen, Per-Erik Isberg and Nana Wiberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The provision of epidural analgesia during labor is ideally a shared decision between the woman and her health care provider. However, immigrant characteristics such as maternal birthplace could affect decisio...

    Authors: Åsa Henning Waldum, Anne Flem Jacobsen, Mirjam Lukasse, Anne Cathrine Staff, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Siri Vangen and Ingvil Krarup Sørbye

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Annually, 18 million babies are born to mothers 18 years or less. Two thirds of these births take place in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Due to social and biological factors, adolescent mothers have a hig...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Mats Målqvist, Zhou Hong, Pragya Gautam Poudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Srijana Sharma, Sangeeta Mishra, Nisso Nurova and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Surgical site infection (SSI) affects nearly one third of patients who have undergone a surgical procedure. It is a significant and substantial cause of surgical patient morbidity and mortality later with huma...

    Authors: Temesgen Getaneh, Ayenew Negesse and Getenet Dessie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mothers’ satisfaction with care during childbirth is indicators of the quality care which affects skilled birth attendance. Negative client’s experiences at health facilities cause them to delay or avoid seeki...

    Authors: Gizachew Abdissa Bulto, Dereje Bayissa Demissie, Tefera Likasa Tasu and Getu Alemu Demisse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To evaluate the perinatal status of neonates delivered by assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) versus second-stage caesarean birth (CS).

    Authors: Paul Eze, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Raphael Ugochukwu Chikezie, Chukwuemeka Ikechi Ukaegbe and Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Majority (99%) of maternal deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. The three most important causes of maternal deaths in these regions are postpartum hemorrhage, pre-eclampsia and puerperal sepsis...

    Authors: Samina Bakhtawar, Sana Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Beth Payne, Iqbal Azam, Peter von Dadelszen and Laura Magee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Birth satisfaction represents a complex construct of implicit and profound relevance to a woman’s perceived birth experience. It correlates with the childbearing woman’s experience of the quality of care recei...

    Authors: Mohd Noor Norhayati, Adnan Fatin Imtithal and Mat Junoh Nor Akma

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The Support and Control in Birth (SCIB) scale primarily measures the perceived support and control of expectant mothers during childbirth, thereby obtaining an understanding of their birth experiences. The adv...

    Authors: Shu-Yu Liu, Yu-Ying Lu, Meei-Ling Gau and Chieh-Yu Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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