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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Obstetric hemorrhage is one of the most common causes of obstetrical morbidity and mortality, and transfusion is the most important management for hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to investigate the pre-pr...

    Authors: Yung-Taek Ouh, Kyu-Min Lee, Ki Hoon Ahn, Soon-Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim, Sung Won Han and Geum Joon Cho

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:477

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Assessing women’s childbirth experiences is a crucial indicator in maternity services because negative childbirth experiences are associated with maternal mortalities and morbidities. Due to the high caesarean...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Anna Dencker, Zahra Fardiazar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Shahla Meedya, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:465

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To determine the risk of cesarean delivery after labor induction among patients with prior placenta-mediated pregnancy complications (pre-eclampsia, late pregnancy loss, placental abruption or intrauterine gro...

    Authors: Leslie Skeith, Grégoire Le Gal, Johanna I. P. de Vries, Saskia Middeldorp, Mariëtte Goddijn, Risto Kaaja, Jean-Christophe Gris, Ida Martinelli, Ekkehard Schleußner, David Petroff, Nicole Langlois and Marc A. Rodger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:455

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a life-threating complication in the field of obstetrics. Sometimes we face with unexpected PAS cases which is potentially higher maternal mortality and morbidity compared wi...

    Authors: Hyo Kyozuka, Akiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Suzuki, Keiya Fujimori, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Tadahiko Yokoyama, Akiko Sato and Koichi Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:447

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is an obstetric emergency caused by excessive blood loss that occurs most commonly after the placenta is delivered. PPH can lead to volume depletion, hypovolemic shock, anem...

    Authors: Derartu D. Tekela, Abeba G. Asmare, Birhan M. Gebremariam, Christian A. Assegahegn, Kidist D. Wami, Hundessa D. Nemomssa and Gizeaddis L. Simegn

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:438

    Content type: Technical advance

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  6. Postpartum depression is the most common complication of childbearing age women and is a considerable public health problem. The transition into motherhood is a difficult period that involves significant chang...

    Authors: Solomon Shitu, Biftu Geda and Merga Dheresa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The experience of childbirth crucially impacts a mother’s psychological well-being and the mother-infant relationship. It is recognised that negative births can be linked to different forms of discomfort, both...

    Authors: Valentina Fenaroli, Sara Molgora, Serena Dodaro, Alessandro Svelato, Livia Gesi, Giulia Molidoro, Emanuela Saita and Antonio Ragusa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:419

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing and abnormal fetal heart rate tracing and concern about consequent acidosis remain one of the most common indications for primary CS. Umbilical artery (UA) lactate...

    Authors: Emma R. Allanson, Robert C. Pattinson, Elizabeth A. Nathan and Jan E. Dickinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:405

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To better understand the profound multisystem changes in maternal physiology triggered by parturition, in particular in the underexplored neuronal system, by deploying a panel of pre- vs post-delivery maternal...

    Authors: Katrina Suzanne Evers, Evelyn Annegret Huhn, Sotirios Fouzas, Christian Barro, Jens Kuhle, Urs Fisch, Luca Bernasconi, Olav Lapaire and Sven Wellmann

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:403

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although obesity is a well-known risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, evidence is sparse about the effects of interpregnancy weight change on the risk of adverse perinatal complications in a subsequent ...

    Authors: Noor E. W. D. Teulings, Katya L. Masconi, Susan E. Ozanne, Catherine E. Aiken and Angela M. Wood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The absence of a uniform and clinically relevant definition of severe postpartum haemorrhage hampers comparative studies and optimization of clinical management. The concept of persistent postpartum haemorrhage, ...

    Authors: Dacia D. C. A. Henriquez, Ada Gillissen, Sharissa M. Smith, Roos A. Cramer, Thomas van den Akker, Joost J. Zwart, Jos J. M. van Roosmalen, Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp and Johanna G. van der Bom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:361

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Evidence for the relationship between maternal and perinatal factors and the success of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) is conflicting. We aimed to systematically analyze published data on maternal...

    Authors: Yanxin Wu, Yachana Kataria, Zilian Wang, Wai-Kit Ming and Christina Ellervik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:360

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The induction of labour is an increasingly common procedure in the obstetrics field. Various methods have been used to induce labour, among which balloon catheters play an important role. Whether the specifica...

    Authors: Xiyao Liu, Yu Wang, Fan Zhang, Xiaoni Zhong, Rong Ou, Xin Luo and Hongbo Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:358

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Institutional delivery is the cornerstone reducing maternal mortality. Community-based behavioral change interventions are increasing institutional delivery in developing countries. Yet, there is a dearth of i...

    Authors: Melash Belachew Asresie and Gizachew Worku Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:353

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The significant role of midwives in providing labor and delivery care underscores the necessity of the identification of attitudes and beliefs of these groups of maternity care providers toward physiological c...

    Authors: Narges Sadeghzadeh, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:352

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The process of entering motherhood is highly stressful for women, with 15–85% of new mothers experiencing postpartum blues or depression. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based...

    Authors: Wan-Lin Pan, Chiung-Wen Chang, Shin-Ming Chen and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:346

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In a recent population-based study we reported excess risk of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery. In this case-control study we examine whether deviations from Norwegian guidelines are ...

    Authors: Solveig Bjellmo, Sissel Hjelle, Lone Krebs, Elisabeth Magnussen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Women with cardiac disease are thought to be at increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We sought to assess the estimated blood loss (EBL) in our cohort of women with and without cardiac disease (CD) in a q...

    Authors: Hsu Phern Chong, James Hodson, Tara J. Selman, Lucy E. Hudsmith, Peter J. Thompson, Rachel Katherine Morris and Sara Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Oxytocin is an effective drug for induction of labour, but is associated with serious adverse effects of which uterine tachysystole, fetal distress and the need of immediate delivery are the most common. Disco...

    Authors: Sidsel Boie, Julie Glavind, Niels Uldbjerg, Jannet J. H. Bakker, Joris A. M. van der Post, Philip J. Steer and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:320

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Cesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically during the past three decades and surgical site infections are becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean deliv...

    Authors: Mihretu Molla, Kiber Temesgen, Tewodros Seyoum and Mengstu Melkamu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:317

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have become a significant life-threatening issue due to its increased incidence, morbidity and mortality. Several studies have tried to identify the risk factors for P...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Mohammed H. Mosbeh, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma, Ahmed Abd Alghany, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Ahmed M. Azmy, Wegdan A. Ali and Ahmed R. Abdelraheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:313

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Induction of labor occurs in greater than 22% of all pregnancies in the United States. Previous studies have shown that misoprostol is more effective for induction than oxytocin or dinoprostone alone. The Worl...

    Authors: Elizabeth H. Harman Crowell, Alexander M. Crowell and Regan N. Theiler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Continued progress in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in low-income countries requires a renewed focus on quality of delivery care. Reliable electricity and lighting is a cornerstone of a...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki, Brian Mwesigwa, Laura Schmucker and Jessica L. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:306

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Though the rate of episiotomy has decreased in France, the overall episiotomy rate was 20% in the 2016 national perinatal survey. We aimed to develop a classification to facilitate the analysis of episiotomy p...

    Authors: Thomas Desplanches, Emilie Szczepanski, Jonathan Cottenet, Denis Semama, Catherine Quantin and Paul Sagot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  25. After delivery, some women experience impairment of their mother-infant bonding (MIB), which can lead to long-term disturbances of the mother-child relationship and the child’s social-emotional development. Li...

    Authors: Franziska Lehnig, Michaela Nagl, Holger Stepan, Birgit Wagner and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:278

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To analyze blood loss after delivery in women with induction of labor compared to women with spontaneous onset of labor.

    Authors: Romana Brun, Emilian Spoerri, Leonhard Schäffer, Roland Zimmermann and Christian Haslinger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:265

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The squatting birth position is widely used for “natural” birth or in countries where childbirth occurs in non-medical facilities. Squatting birth positions, like others, are roughly defined so a biomechanical...

    Authors: David Desseauve, Laetitia Fradet, Patrick Lacouture and Fabrice Pierre

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There are several international guidelines on oxytocin regimens for induction and augmentation of labour, but no agreement on a standardised regimen in Germany. This study collated and reviewed the oxytocin re...

    Authors: Sonja Helbig, Antje Petersen, Erika Sitter, Deirdre Daly and Mechthild M. Gross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:238

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Caesarean sections (CSs) are associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity, yet rates continue to increase within most countries. Effective interventions are required to reduce the number of non-m...

    Authors: Anna Chapman, Cate Nagle, Debra Bick, Rebecca Lindberg, Bridie Kent, Justin Calache and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Most women choose to have another vaginal delivery following one complicated by an obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). However, little is known about patient satisfaction or regret with this decision. T...

    Authors: Madeline Edwards, Emily K. Kobernik, Shriya Suresh and Carolyn W. Swenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Around 12% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with increased health risks for both mother and child and pre- and postpartum depression. Little is known about the...

    Authors: Charlotte B. Schmidt, Ilse Voorhorst, Vital H. W. van de Gaar, Anne Keukens, Bert Jan Potter van Loon, Frank J. Snoek and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Measuring care processes is an important component of any effort to improve care quality, however knowing the appropriate metrics to measure is a challenge both in Ireland and other countries. Quality of midwi...

    Authors: Declan Devane, Nora Barrett, Anne Gallen, Mary Frances O’Reilly, Margaret Nadin, Gillian Conway, Linda Biesty and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Studies have shown differences in the risk of caesarean section (CS) between ethnic minority groups. This could be a marker of unequal health care. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the r...

    Authors: Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Traumatic birth experience has undesirable effects on the life of the mother, child, family, and society. The identification of predictive factors can be useful in improving birth experiences among women. This...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Zahra Fardiazar, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing worldwide leading to an increased risk for maternal and neonatal complications in the subsequent pregnancy and labor. Previous studies have demonstrated that s...

    Authors: Katariina Place, Heidi Kruit, Aydin Tekay, Seppo Heinonen and Leena Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Non-pharmacological interventions hold promise in reducing labour pain, with minimal or no harm to the mother, foetus and the progress of labour and are simple and cost-effective. Yet their use has not been ad...

    Authors: Edward Appiah Boateng, Linda Osaebea Kumi and Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Korea is in a condition where the impact of patient and supplier factors on cesarean section rates can be clearly described. The cesarean section rates in Korea are among the highest in the world while the num...

    Authors: Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon and Yoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Prenatal risk stratification of women with previous cesarean section (CS) by ultrasound thickness measurement of the lower uterine segment (LUS) is challenging. There is a wide range of proposed cutoff values ...

    Authors: Janine Hoffmann, Marc Exner, Kristina Bremicker, Matthias Grothoff, Patrick Stumpp and Holger Stepan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Birth ball is one of the non-pharmacologic pain relief methods to help mothers cope with the labouring process. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and harm o...

    Authors: May Pui Shan Yeung, Katrina Wai Kay Tsang, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Wing Hung Tam, Wan Yim Ip, Florence Wai Lei Hau, Margaret Kit Wah Wong, Judy Wai Ying Ng, Sau Ha Liu, Sophia Shu Wing Chan, Chi Kin Law and Samuel Yeung Shan Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:153

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. In 2002, the MOREOB (Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently) obstetrical patient safety program was phased-in across hospitals in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of the MOREOB ...

    Authors: Deborah Weiss, Deshayne B. Fell, Ann E. Sprague, Mark C. Walker, Sandra Dunn, Jessica Reszel, Wendy E. Peterson, Doug Coyle and Monica Taljaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Previous research examining the birth of the placenta has focussed on quantitative outcomes comparing active and expectant (physiological) management. However, it is also important to understand women’s experi...

    Authors: Rachel Reed, Laura Gabriel and Lauren Kearney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:140

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. The 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test is recommended for mothers with a history of GDM to screen for diabetes in the postnatal pe...

    Authors: Zhu-yun Liu, Juan-juan Zhao, Ling-ling Gao and Alex Y. Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  44. There is high-quality evidence supporting induction of labour (IOL) for a number of maternal and fetal indications. However, one fifth of inductions fail to result in vaginal births, requiring cesarean deliver...

    Authors: Sepand Alavifard, Kennedy Meier, Yonatan Shulman, George Tomlinson and Rohan D’Souza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Fetal weight estimation is of key importance in the decision-making process for obstetric planning and management. The literature is inconsistent on the accuracy of measurements with either ultrasound or clini...

    Authors: Oliver Preyer, Heinrich Husslein, Nicole Concin, Anna Ridder, Maciej Musielak, Christian Pfeifer, Willi Oberaigner and Peter Husslein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:122

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Operative vaginal birth is a common procedure used to expedite birth after full cervical dilatation where there is a clinical need to do so (15% of births in the UK in 2016). The acquisition of skills for oper...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Erik Lenguerrand, Sharon Jordan, Katie Cornthwaite, Christy Burden, Laura Timlin and Dimitrios Siassakos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:109

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: