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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health.

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  1. In 2009, the Steering Committee for Pregnancy and Childbirth in the Netherlands recommended the implementation of continuous care during labor in order to improve perinatal outcomes. However, in current care, ...

    Authors: Adrie Lettink, Karina Chaibekava, Luc Smits, Josje Langenveld, Rafli van de Laar, Babette Peeters, Marie-Louise Verstappen, Carmen Dirksen, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze and Hubertina Scheepers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:725

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Water immersion during labour can provide benefits including reduced need for regional analgesia and a shorter labour. However, in the United Kingdom a minority of women use a pool for labour or birth, with po...

    Authors: Sarah Milosevic, Susan Channon, Jacqueline Hughes, Billie Hunter, Mary Nolan, Rebecca Milton and Julia Sanders

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:719

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Receiving epidural analgesia during labor can possibly have negative consequences for mother and child. Yet, the use of epidural analgesia rapidly increased in the Netherlands over the last decade. Since anten...

    Authors: Lianne P Hulsbosch, Ivan Nyklíček, Eva S Potharst, Myrthe GBM Boekhorst and Victor JM Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:718

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Few studies have focused on cesarean delivery (CD) trends among primipara under the one-child and the two-child policies. This study aimed to explore the trends in CD rates among primipara during 1995–2019 and...

    Authors: Guoqiang Sun, Ying Lin, Honglian Lu, Wenjing He, Ruyan Li, Lijun Yang, Xian Liu, Hongyan Wang, Xuewen Yang and Yao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:715

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To demonstrate that studies on induction of labour should be analyzed by parity as there is a significant difference in the labour outcome among induced nulliparous and multiparous women.

    Authors: Branko Denona, Michael Foley, Rhona Mahony and Michael Robson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:709

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In the Twin Birth Study, women at 320/7–386/7 weeks of gestation, in whom the first twin was in cephalic presentation, were randomized to planned vaginal delivery or cesarean section. The study found no significa...

    Authors: C Dougan, L Gotha, N Melamed, A Aviram, EV Asztalos, S Anabusi, AR Willan, JFR Barrett and E Mei-Dan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:702

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Pregnancy among adolescents, whether intended or not, is a public health concern as it is generally considered high risk for both mothers and their newborns. In Zambia, where many women engage in early sexual ...

    Authors: Tannia Tembo, Aybüke Koyuncu, Haoran Zhuo, Martha Mwendafilumba and Albert Manasyan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:684

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity is a major global health priority. However, much remains unknown regarding factors associated with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) among childbearing women in the Rwan...

    Authors: Oliva Bazirete, Manassé Nzayirambaho, Aline Umubyeyi, Marie Chantal Uwimana and Marilyn Evans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:678

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Instrumental deliveries are an unavoidable part of obstetric practice. Dedicated training is needed for each instrument. To identify when a trainee resident can be entrusted with instrumental deliveries by Suz...

    Authors: Perrine COSTE MAZEAU, Nedjma BOUKEFFA, Nathalie TICAUD BOILEAU, Samantha HUET, Maud TRAVERSE, Jean-Luc EYRAUD, Alexine LAGUERRE, Cyrille CATALAN and Cécilia RIEDL

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:674

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Delivery methods are associated with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) both in nulliparous and multiparous women. However, few studies have examined the difference in this association between nulliparous and multipa...

    Authors: Chang Xu, Wanting Zhong, Qiang Fu, Li Yi, Yuqing Deng, Zhaohui Cheng, Xiaojun Lin, Miao Cai, Shilin Zhong, Manli Wang, Hongbing Tao, Haoling Xiong, Xin Jiang and Yun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:660

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The psychological birth trauma is a universal phenomenon in childbearing women. The influences could extend in a wide range, which includes the mothers’ health, mother-infant relationship, partner relationship...

    Authors: Ke Zhang, Ling Dai, Meiliyang Wu, Tieying Zeng, Mengmei Yuan and Ye Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:651

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Rwanda has a high unmet need for family planning which could be reduced by improving access to postpartum intrauterine contraceptives device (PPIUCD) insertion. The objective of the study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Chris Adrien Kanakuze, Dan Kabonge Kaye, Priscilla Musabirema, Pascal Nkubito and Scovia Nalugo Mbalinda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:650

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The period around childbirth and the first 24 hours postpartum remains a perilous time for both mother and newborn. Health care providers’ compliance to the World Health Organization modified partogram across ...

    Authors: Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Mulugeta Woldu Abrha and Haftom Gebrehiwot Weldearegay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:647

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Thermal control after birth is an essential part of neonatal care. However, the relationship between neonatal temperature at and after admission is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the change between neon...

    Authors: Francesco Cavallin, Serena Calgaro, Valentina Brugnolaro, Amir Hussein Abubacar Seni, Arlindo Rosario Muhelo, Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto and Daniele Trevisanuto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:646

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Oxytocin is effective in reducing labor duration, but can be associated with fetal and maternal complications such as neonatal acidosis and post-partum hemorrhage. When comparing discontinuing oxytocin in the ...

    Authors: Aude Girault, François Goffinet and Camille Le Ray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:640

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The perinatal period is a time of immense change, which can be a period of stress and vulnerability for mental health difficulties. Mindfulness-based interventions have shown promise for reducing distress, but...

    Authors: Marissa D. Sbrilli, Larissa G. Duncan and Heidemarie K. Laurent

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:623

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is no clear consensus on the management of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), a complex and life-threatening condition. The objective of this study was to present a novel approach to management of CSP that ...

    Authors: Anda Pristavu, Angela Vinturache, Elena Mihalceanu, Radu Pintilie, Mircea Onofriescu and Demetra Socolov

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:617

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Wound infection is a common complication following caesarean section. Factors influencing the risk of infection may include the suture material for skin closure, and closure of the subcutaneous fascia. We asse...

    Authors: Amanda J. Poprzeczny, Rosalie M. Grivell, Jennie Louise, Andrea R. Deussen and Jodie M. Dodd

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:606

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Prolonged labor might contribute to a negative birth experience and influence first-time mothers’ attitudes towards future pregnancies. Previous studies have not adjusted for possible confounding factors, such...

    Authors: L. C. Gaudernack, T. M. Michelsen, T. Egeland, N. Voldner and M. Lukasse

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:605

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are established risk factors for adverse pregnancy, delivery and birth outcomes. Pregnancy is an ideal moment for nutritional interventions in ...

    Authors: Philippe Deruelle, Sophie Lelorain, Sylvie Deghilage, Emmanuelle Couturier, Elodie Guilbert, Paul Berveiller, Marie Victoire Sénat, Christophe Vayssière, Loïc Sentilhes, Franck Perrotin, Denis Gallot, Céline Chauleur, Nicolas Sananes, Emmanuel Roth, Dominique Luton, Marie Caputo…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:602

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a potentially lethal condition of pregnant women with a high mortality rate. Potential predictors related to postpartum recovery time and prognostic factors of AFLP are...

    Authors: Jun Chen, Ze-Bing Huang, Xue-Gong Fan, Xing-Wang Hu, Min Qi, Cheng-Jin Liao, Li-Yuan Long and Yan Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:601

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The correlation between stage of labor and adverse delivery outcomes has been widely studied. Most of studies focused on nulliparous women, it was not very clear what impact the stage of labor duration had on ...

    Authors: Li Wang, Hongxia Wang, Lu Jia, Wenjie Qing, Fan Li and Jie Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:596

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There are no published cases of tonic-clonic seizures and posterior bilateral blindness during pregnancy and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus (COV) 2 (SARS-COV-2) infection. We do not just ...

    Authors: Alejandro Garcia Rodriguez, Sergio Marcos Contreras, Santiago Manuel Fernandez Manovel, Jose Miguel Marcos Vidal, Fernando Diez Buron, Camino Fernandez Fernandez and Maria del Carmen Riveira Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:587

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements is commonly used to assess fetal well-being. However, there are different opinions on whether healthcare professionals should encourage maternal observation of ...

    Authors: Anna Akselsson, Helena Lindgren, Viktor Skokic and Ingela Rådestad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:577

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Globally, complications of preterm birth are among the most common cause of neonatal mortality. In Ethiopia, the neonatal mortality reduction is not worthy of attention. Hence, this study reviewed the prevalen...

    Authors: Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Ayenew Molla Lakew, Destaw Fetene Teshome, Melaku Kindie Yenit, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen and Yohanes Ayanaw Habitu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:574

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. In line with global trends, India has witnessed a sharp rise in caesarean section (CS) deliveries, especially in the private sector. Despite the urgent need for change, there are few published examples of priv...

    Authors: Abhishek Bhartia, Rinku Sen Gupta Dhar and Saru Bhartia

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:556

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The expansion of primary health care services in Ethiopia made basic health services available and accessible. The Last Ten Kilometers (L10K) project has strengthened the primary health care system through imp...

    Authors: Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, Alemayehu Worku, Yemane Berhane, Wuleta Betemariam and Meaza Demissie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:549

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing and there are wide variations in rates internationally and nationally. There is evidence that women who attend their obstetrician privately have a higher incidence o...

    Authors: Michael J. Turner, Ciara M. E. Reynolds, Léan E. McMahon, Eimer G. O’Malley, Michael P. O’Connell and Sharon R. Sheehan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:548

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Maternal and neonatal mortality remain a significant problem across much of the developing world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa countries. In Ethiopia, most maternal and neonatal deaths occur during the pos...

    Authors: Markos Manote and Tsegaye Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for effective prediction of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) and guide future clinical application.

    Authors: Hua-Le Zhang, Liang-Hui Zheng, Li-Chun Cheng, Zhao-Dong Liu, Lu Yu, Qin Han, Geng-Yun Miao and Jian-Ying Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Post-partum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern worldwide. There is little evidence in the Chinese context of the relationship between paternal PPD and maternal PPD. Given the growing global co...

    Authors: Zhizhou Duan, Yuanyuan Wang, Ping Jiang, Amanda Wilson, Yan Guo, Yongliang Lv, Xiaonan Yang, Renjie Yu, Shuilan Wang, Zhengyan Wu, Mengqing Xia, Guosheng Wang, Ye Tao, L Xiaohong, Ling Ma, Hong Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The use of obstetric early-warning-systems (EWS) has been recommended to improve timely recognition, management and early referral of women who have or are developing a critical illness. Development of such pr...

    Authors: Aminu Umar, Alexander Manu, Matthews Mathai and Charles Ameh

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:531

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan African country with high maternal mortality ratio (MMR). According to Ethiopian demographic health survey (EDHS) 2016 report, MMR is 420 among 100,000 live births. Antenatal...

    Authors: Berhan Tsegaye and Mohammed Ayalew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Despite the widespread use of oxygen (O2) in intrauterine resuscitation, the obstetric scientists’ understanding of O2 therapy is full of contradictions. We tested the hypothesis that higher maternal arterial par...

    Authors: Yunhai Chuai, Wen Jiang, Xiaobin Xu, Aiming Wang, Yuanqing Yao and Lei Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Skilled birth care during childbirth is reported in the literature as one critical strategy for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the importance of birth care provided by skilled birth attenda...

    Authors: Peter Adatara, Johanita Strumpher and Esmeralda Ricks

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Deferring cord clamping has proven benefits for both term and preterm infants, and recent studies have demonstrated better cardio-respiratory stability if clamping is based on the infant’s physiology, and whet...

    Authors: Elisabeth Sæther, Friedrich Reinhart-Van Gülpen, Christer Jensen, Tor Åge Myklebust and Beate Horsberg Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There is increasing evidence that a history of preeclampsia is an important risk factor for future cardiovascular events. Awareness of this risk could provide opportunities for identification of women at risk,...

    Authors: Tessa E. Dijkhuis, Femke Bloem, Lise A.J. Kusters, Sofie M. Roos, Sanne J. Gordijn, Floor Holvast and Jelmer R. Prins

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The world’s understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve as the scientific community discovers unique presentations of this disease. This case report depicts an unexpected intraoperative coagulopathy during a...

    Authors: Kelly Elizabeth Kinsey, Eric Ganz, Susan Khalil and Lois Brustman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:481

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Medical practice variation in caesarean section rates is the most studied type of practice variation in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology. This has not resulted in increased homogeneity of treatment betw...

    Authors: Maarten D H Vink, Piet J G M de Bekker, Xander Koolman, Maurits W van Tulder, Ralph de Vries, Ben Willem J Mol and Eric J E van der Hijden

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) is a tool designed to assess women’s perceptions about labor and delivery. The aim of this study was to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the...

    Authors: Renata Cristina Martins da Silva Vieira, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Maiara Lazaretti Rodrigues do Prado, Ana Carolina Sartorato Beleza and Patricia Driusso

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is no available evidence for the prevalence of early labour admission to hospital or its association with rates of intervention and clinical outcomes in Australia. The objectives of this study were to: e...

    Authors: Yvette D. Miller, Ashleigh A. Armanasco, Laura McCosker and Rachel Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Intrapartum respectful maternity care is defined as a fundamental human right that can affect the mother’s experiences. This study aimed to determine the status of respectful maternity care and its relationshi...

    Authors: Khadije Hajizadeh, Maryam Vaezi, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Neuraxial labor analgesia is known to increase the rate of instrumental delivery and prolong the second stage of labor; however, there is no standard method to evaluate the progress of labor under analgesia. F...

    Authors: Hitomi Ando, Shintaro Makino, Jun Takeda, Yojiro Maruyama, Shuko Nojiri, Hiroyuki Sumikura and Atsuo Itakura

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Disrespectful maternity care is a key impediment to achieving a good quality care. Identifying predicting factors can be used in mitigating any potential risk in for disrespect and abuse in maternity care. The...

    Authors: Khadije Hajizadeh, Maryam Vaezi, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In many countries, cesarean section has become the most common major surgical procedure. Most nations have high cesarean birth rates, suggesting overuse. Due to the excess harm and expense associated with unne...

    Authors: Carol Sakala, Candice Belanoff and Eugene R. Declercq

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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