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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    The absence of a uniform and clinically relevant definition of severe postpartum haemorrhage hampers comparative studies and optimization of clinical management. The concept of persistent postpartum haemorrhage, ...

    Authors: Dacia D. C. A. Henriquez, Ada Gillissen, Sharissa M. Smith, Roos A. Cramer, Thomas van den Akker, Joost J. Zwart, Jos J. M. van Roosmalen, Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp and Johanna G. van der Bom

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:361

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Evidence for the relationship between maternal and perinatal factors and the success of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) is conflicting. We aimed to systematically analyze published data on maternal...

    Authors: Yanxin Wu, Yachana Kataria, Zilian Wang, Wai-Kit Ming and Christina Ellervik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:360

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The induction of labour is an increasingly common procedure in the obstetrics field. Various methods have been used to induce labour, among which balloon catheters play an important role. Whether the specifica...

    Authors: Xiyao Liu, Yu Wang, Fan Zhang, Xiaoni Zhong, Rong Ou, Xin Luo and Hongbo Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:358

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Institutional delivery is the cornerstone reducing maternal mortality. Community-based behavioral change interventions are increasing institutional delivery in developing countries. Yet, there is a dearth of i...

    Authors: Melash Belachew Asresie and Gizachew Worku Dagnew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:353

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The significant role of midwives in providing labor and delivery care underscores the necessity of the identification of attitudes and beliefs of these groups of maternity care providers toward physiological c...

    Authors: Narges Sadeghzadeh, Leila Amiri-Farahani, Shima Haghani and Syedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:352

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The process of entering motherhood is highly stressful for women, with 15–85% of new mothers experiencing postpartum blues or depression. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based...

    Authors: Wan-Lin Pan, Chiung-Wen Chang, Shin-Ming Chen and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:346

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In a recent population-based study we reported excess risk of neonatal mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery. In this case-control study we examine whether deviations from Norwegian guidelines are ...

    Authors: Solveig Bjellmo, Sissel Hjelle, Lone Krebs, Elisabeth Magnussen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:330

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Women with cardiac disease are thought to be at increased risk of post-partum haemorrhage. We sought to assess the estimated blood loss (EBL) in our cohort of women with and without cardiac disease (CD) in a q...

    Authors: Hsu Phern Chong, James Hodson, Tara J. Selman, Lucy E. Hudsmith, Peter J. Thompson, Rachel Katherine Morris and Sara Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:325

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Oxytocin is an effective drug for induction of labour, but is associated with serious adverse effects of which uterine tachysystole, fetal distress and the need of immediate delivery are the most common. Disco...

    Authors: Sidsel Boie, Julie Glavind, Niels Uldbjerg, Jannet J. H. Bakker, Joris A. M. van der Post, Philip J. Steer and Pinar Bor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:320

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Cesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically during the past three decades and surgical site infections are becoming a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women undergoing cesarean deliv...

    Authors: Mihretu Molla, Kiber Temesgen, Tewodros Seyoum and Mengstu Melkamu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:317

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have become a significant life-threatening issue due to its increased incidence, morbidity and mortality. Several studies have tried to identify the risk factors for P...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Mohammed H. Mosbeh, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma, Ahmed Abd Alghany, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Ahmed M. Azmy, Wegdan A. Ali and Ahmed R. Abdelraheim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:313

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Induction of labor occurs in greater than 22% of all pregnancies in the United States. Previous studies have shown that misoprostol is more effective for induction than oxytocin or dinoprostone alone. The Worl...

    Authors: Elizabeth H. Harman Crowell, Alexander M. Crowell and Regan N. Theiler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:309

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Continued progress in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality in low-income countries requires a renewed focus on quality of delivery care. Reliable electricity and lighting is a cornerstone of a...

    Authors: Slawa Rokicki, Brian Mwesigwa, Laura Schmucker and Jessica L. Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:306

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Though the rate of episiotomy has decreased in France, the overall episiotomy rate was 20% in the 2016 national perinatal survey. We aimed to develop a classification to facilitate the analysis of episiotomy p...

    Authors: Thomas Desplanches, Emilie Szczepanski, Jonathan Cottenet, Denis Semama, Catherine Quantin and Paul Sagot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:300

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  15. Content type: Research article

    After delivery, some women experience impairment of their mother-infant bonding (MIB), which can lead to long-term disturbances of the mother-child relationship and the child’s social-emotional development. Li...

    Authors: Franziska Lehnig, Michaela Nagl, Holger Stepan, Birgit Wagner and Anette Kersting

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:278

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To analyze blood loss after delivery in women with induction of labor compared to women with spontaneous onset of labor.

    Authors: Romana Brun, Emilian Spoerri, Leonhard Schäffer, Roland Zimmermann and Christian Haslinger

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:265

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The squatting birth position is widely used for “natural” birth or in countries where childbirth occurs in non-medical facilities. Squatting birth positions, like others, are roughly defined so a biomechanical...

    Authors: David Desseauve, Laetitia Fradet, Patrick Lacouture and Fabrice Pierre

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:251

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  18. Content type: Research article

    There are several international guidelines on oxytocin regimens for induction and augmentation of labour, but no agreement on a standardised regimen in Germany. This study collated and reviewed the oxytocin re...

    Authors: Sonja Helbig, Antje Petersen, Erika Sitter, Deirdre Daly and Mechthild M. Gross

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:238

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean sections (CSs) are associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity, yet rates continue to increase within most countries. Effective interventions are required to reduce the number of non-m...

    Authors: Anna Chapman, Cate Nagle, Debra Bick, Rebecca Lindberg, Bridie Kent, Justin Calache and Alison M. Hutchinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:206

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Most women choose to have another vaginal delivery following one complicated by an obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). However, little is known about patient satisfaction or regret with this decision. T...

    Authors: Madeline Edwards, Emily K. Kobernik, Shriya Suresh and Carolyn W. Swenson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:225

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Around 12% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is associated with increased health risks for both mother and child and pre- and postpartum depression. Little is known about the...

    Authors: Charlotte B. Schmidt, Ilse Voorhorst, Vital H. W. van de Gaar, Anne Keukens, Bert Jan Potter van Loon, Frank J. Snoek and Adriaan Honig

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:223

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to explore the course of labor and the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury at the first vaginal birth after cesarean section (fVBAC) in comparison to primiparous vaginal b...

    Authors: Zdenek Rusavy, Erika Francova, Lenka Paymova, Khaled M. Ismail and Vladimir Kalis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:207

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Measuring care processes is an important component of any effort to improve care quality, however knowing the appropriate metrics to measure is a challenge both in Ireland and other countries. Quality of midwi...

    Authors: Declan Devane, Nora Barrett, Anne Gallen, Mary Frances O’Reilly, Margaret Nadin, Gillian Conway, Linda Biesty and Valerie Smith

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:198

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown differences in the risk of caesarean section (CS) between ethnic minority groups. This could be a marker of unequal health care. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the r...

    Authors: Trine Damsted Rasmussen, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Tine Dalsgaard Clausen and Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:194

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic birth experience has undesirable effects on the life of the mother, child, family, and society. The identification of predictive factors can be useful in improving birth experiences among women. This...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Zahra Fardiazar, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:182

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The rates of cesarean section (CS) are increasing worldwide leading to an increased risk for maternal and neonatal complications in the subsequent pregnancy and labor. Previous studies have demonstrated that s...

    Authors: Katariina Place, Heidi Kruit, Aydin Tekay, Seppo Heinonen and Leena Rahkonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:176

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Non-pharmacological interventions hold promise in reducing labour pain, with minimal or no harm to the mother, foetus and the progress of labour and are simple and cost-effective. Yet their use has not been ad...

    Authors: Edward Appiah Boateng, Linda Osaebea Kumi and Abigail Kusi-Amponsah Diji

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:168

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Korea is in a condition where the impact of patient and supplier factors on cesarean section rates can be clearly described. The cesarean section rates in Korea are among the highest in the world while the num...

    Authors: Agnus M. Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Tae Ho Yoon and Yoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:162

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Prenatal risk stratification of women with previous cesarean section (CS) by ultrasound thickness measurement of the lower uterine segment (LUS) is challenging. There is a wide range of proposed cutoff values ...

    Authors: Janine Hoffmann, Marc Exner, Kristina Bremicker, Matthias Grothoff, Patrick Stumpp and Holger Stepan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:160

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Birth ball is one of the non-pharmacologic pain relief methods to help mothers cope with the labouring process. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) is conducted to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and harm o...

    Authors: May Pui Shan Yeung, Katrina Wai Kay Tsang, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Wing Hung Tam, Wan Yim Ip, Florence Wai Lei Hau, Margaret Kit Wah Wong, Judy Wai Ying Ng, Sau Ha Liu, Sophia Shu Wing Chan, Chi Kin Law and Samuel Yeung Shan Wong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:153

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In 2002, the MOREOB (Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently) obstetrical patient safety program was phased-in across hospitals in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of the MOREOB ...

    Authors: Deborah Weiss, Deshayne B. Fell, Ann E. Sprague, Mark C. Walker, Sandra Dunn, Jessica Reszel, Wendy E. Peterson, Doug Coyle and Monica Taljaard

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:151

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Previous research examining the birth of the placenta has focussed on quantitative outcomes comparing active and expectant (physiological) management. However, it is also important to understand women’s experi...

    Authors: Rachel Reed, Laura Gabriel and Lauren Kearney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:140

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. The 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test is recommended for mothers with a history of GDM to screen for diabetes in the postnatal pe...

    Authors: Zhu-yun Liu, Juan-juan Zhao, Ling-ling Gao and Alex Y. Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:134

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There is high-quality evidence supporting induction of labour (IOL) for a number of maternal and fetal indications. However, one fifth of inductions fail to result in vaginal births, requiring cesarean deliver...

    Authors: Sepand Alavifard, Kennedy Meier, Yonatan Shulman, George Tomlinson and Rohan D’Souza

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:130

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Fetal weight estimation is of key importance in the decision-making process for obstetric planning and management. The literature is inconsistent on the accuracy of measurements with either ultrasound or clini...

    Authors: Oliver Preyer, Heinrich Husslein, Nicole Concin, Anna Ridder, Maciej Musielak, Christian Pfeifer, Willi Oberaigner and Peter Husslein

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:122

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Operative vaginal birth is a common procedure used to expedite birth after full cervical dilatation where there is a clinical need to do so (15% of births in the UK in 2016). The acquisition of skills for oper...

    Authors: Stephen O’Brien, Erik Lenguerrand, Sharon Jordan, Katie Cornthwaite, Christy Burden, Laura Timlin and Dimitrios Siassakos

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:109

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Controlling massive haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) at caesarean section is a major surgical challenge to obstetricians. This study compares different intra-operative interventions to control...

    Authors: Saad El Gelany, Emad M. Ibrahim, Mo’men Mohammed, Ahmed R. Abdelraheim, Eissa M. Khalifa, Ahmed K. Abdelhakium, Ayman M. Yousef, Heba Hassan, Khaled Goma and Mohammed Khairy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:106

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Clinical team training has been advocated as a means to improve delivery care, and failed extractions is a suggested variable for clinical audit in instrumental vaginal delivery.

    Authors: Kristina Pettersson, Magnus Westgren, Rebecca Götze-Eriksson and Gunilla Ajne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:101

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section with extraction of a deeply impacted fetal head is technically challenging and is associated with serious maternal and neonatal complications. The purpose of the study was to identify risks a...

    Authors: Franziska Lenz, Nina Kimmich, Roland Zimmermann and Martina Kreft

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:98

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is one of the most severe obstetrical complications. Although risk factors for OASI have been identified, little is known about various parameters that can influence symp...

    Authors: France Joris, Irene Hoesli, Andre Kind, Jean Jacques Ries and Tilemachos Kavvadias

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:94

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Health facility delivery has been described as one of the major contributors to improved maternal and child health outcomes. In sub-Saharan Africa where 66% of the global maternal mortality occurred, only 56% ...

    Authors: Sulaimon T. Adedokun and Olalekan A. Uthman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:93

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Many medical treatments and interventions are available nowadays, but surgical...

    Authors: Pierre-Emmanuel Bouet, Hugo Madar, Alizée Froeliger, Hady El Hachem, Elsa Schinkel, Aurélien Mattuizi and Loïc Sentilhes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:91

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Double-layer compared to single-layer closure of the uterus after a caesarean section (CS) leads to a thicker myometrial layer at the site of the CS scar, also called residual myometrium thickness (RMT). It po...

    Authors: S. I. Stegwee, I. P. M. Jordans, L. F. van der Voet, M. Y. Bongers, C. J. M. de Groot, C. B. Lambalk, R. A. de Leeuw, W. J. K. Hehenkamp, P. M. van de Ven, J. E. Bosmans, E. Pajkrt, E. A. Bakkum, C. M. Radder, M. Hemelaar, W. M. van Baal, H. Visser…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:85

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Rising caesarean section (CS) rates are a global health concern. Contemporary data indicates that almost 50% of CS are electively performed, with a high proportion of these being a repeat procedure. Vaginal bi...

    Authors: Sara Helen Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Claire deLabrusse and Nadine Dougall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:84

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The Cord Pilot Trial compared two alternative policies for cord clamping at very preterm birth at eight UK maternity units: clamping after at least 2 min and immediate neonatal care (if needed) with cord intac...

    Authors: Lucy Bradshaw, Alexandra Sawyer, Lindsay Armstrong-Buisseret, Eleanor Mitchell, Susan Ayers and Lelia Duley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:78

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Although pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) have a higher risk of maternal/perinatal complications, the overall risk of adverse outcomes necessitating advanced obstetric care has n...

    Authors: Chie Nagata, Limin Yang, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Tadayuki Ayabe, Kazue Ishizuka, Mizuho Konishi, Yukihiro Ohya, Hirohisa Saito and Haruhiko Sago

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:77

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