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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, birth, and postpartum health.

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  1. Low and mid station vacuum assisted deliveries (VAD) are delicate manual procedures that entail a high degree of subjectivity from the operator and are associated with adverse neonatal outcome. Little has been...

    Authors: Stefhanie Romero, Kristina Pettersson, Khurram Yousaf, Magnus Westgren and Gunilla Ajne

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Labor pain during childbirth can have devastating effects on the progress of labor, mother, and fetus. Consequently, the management of labor pain is crucial for the well-being of the mother and fetus. Transcut...

    Authors: Anne Njogu, Si Qin, Yujie Chen, Lizhen Hu and Yang Luo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target 3.1, the World Health Organisation recommends that all pregnant women receive antenatal care (ANC) from skilled providers, utilise the services of a skilled b...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson and Kenneth Setorwu Adde

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Low risk pregnancy ending in a vaginal birth is best served and guided by a midwife. Utilizing a midwife in such cases offers many emotional and economic advantages and does not increase the risks for mother o...

    Authors: Ying Liu, Tengteng Li, Nafei Guo, Hui Jiang, Yuehong Li, Chenying Xu and Xiao Yao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Women in sub-Saharan Africa have the highest rates of morbidity and mortality during childbirth globally. Despite increases in facility-based childbirth, gaps in quality of care at facilities have limited redu...

    Authors: Adeline A. Boatin, Joseph Ngonzi, Blair J. Wylie, Henry M. Lugobe, Lisa M. Bebell, Godfrey Mugyenyi, Sudi Mohamed, Kenia Martinez, Nicholas Musinguzi, Christina Psaros, Joshua P. Metlay and Jessica E. Haberer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:124

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. We aimed to evaluate the association of isolated fetal microcephaly measured by ultrasound prior to delivery at term with mode of delivery and perinatal outcome.

    Authors: Ron Bardin, Eyal Krispin, Lina Salman, Inbal Navon, Anat Shmueli, Sharon Perlman, Yinon Gilboa and Eran Hadar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This retrospective study aimed to identify possible intensification of mental health difficulties among women seeking support in the postpartum period during the epidemic state in Poland. We assumed that the e...

    Authors: Magdalena Chrzan-Dętkoś, Tamara Walczak-Kozłowska and Małgorzata Lipowska

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This study aimed to explore women’s views on the acceptability of different techniques for managing an impacted fetal head at caesarean; and the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a trial in this area.

    Authors: Gabriella Romano, Eleanor Mitchell, Rachel Plachcinski, Natalie Wakefield, Kate Walker and Susan Ayers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A bicornuate uterus often results in infertility. While reconstructive procedures may facilitate pregnancy, spontaneous abortion or serious pregnancy complications may occur. We present a case of a bicornuate ...

    Authors: Chengyan Zhang, Xiaoxin Wang, Haili Jiang, Lei Hou and Liying Zou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:95

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Preterm birth is a major challenge in obstetric and perinatal care. It is the leading cause of neonatal death. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral dydrogesterone on latency perio...

    Authors: Suparudeewan Thongchan and Vorapong Phupong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  11. As the birth policy has been adjusted from one-child-one-couple to universal two-child-one-couple in China, there is an increasing number of women undergoing a second pregnancy after a previous cesarean sectio...

    Authors: Zhong-chen Luo, Xu Liu, Anni Wang, Jian-qiong Li, Ze-hong Zheng, Sun Guiyu, Ting Lou, Jin Pang and Xiao-ling Bai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) is widely used as the alternative choice for pregnant women at high-risk of fetal aneuploidy. However, whether NIPS has a good detective efficiency for pregnant women at ...

    Authors: Hui Zhu, Xiaoxiao Jin, Yuqing Xu, Weihua Zhang, Xiaodan Liu, Jinglei Jin, Yeqing Qian and Minyue Dong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Challenges with engaging in postnatal physical activity can negatively affect the health of women and their families. This study investigated women’s physical activity decision-making processes and strategies ...

    Authors: Sarah Jane Liva, Wendy Anne Hall and John Oliffe

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This was a retrospective population-based study, utilizing the data of 601 247 singleton hospital deliveries collected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register (MBR) in 2006–2016. The aim of this study was to a...

    Authors: Riitta Vilkko, Sari Räisänen, Mika Gissler, Vedran Stefanovic and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Pruritus is one of the most common side effects of epidural morphine administered for post-surgery analgesia, and pregnant women tend to be highly susceptible. The relative contributions of morphine concentrat...

    Authors: Xinyi Tian, Kaifan Niu, Hong Cao, Gonghao Zhan, Yan Zhang, Feng Xu, Wangning Shangguan and Ye Gao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Vaginal seeding is the administration of maternal vaginal bacteria to babies following birth by caesarean section (CS), intended to mimic the microbial exposure that occurs during vaginal birth. Appropriate de...

    Authors: Éadaoin M. Butler, Abigail J. Reynolds, José G. B. Derraik, Brooke C. Wilson, Wayne S. Cutfield and Celia P. Grigg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Shoulder dystocia is an unpredictable and potentially catastrophic complication of vertex vaginal delivery. Posterior axilla sling traction (PAST) has recently been proposed as a method to resolve severe shoul...

    Authors: Allison R. McCarter, Regan N. Theiler and Enid Y. Rivera-Chiauzzi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:45

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Maternal mortality is high in Ghana, averaging 310 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. This is partly due to inadequate postnatal care especially among rural communities. Ghana can avert the high ...

    Authors: Francis Appiah, Tarif Salihu, Justice Ofosu Darko Fenteng, Andrews Ohene Darteh, Patience Kannor, Patience Ansomah Ayerakwah and Edward Kwabena Ameyaw

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Postnatal care (PNC) visits provide a huge benefit for ensuring appropriate breastfeeding practices, to monitor the overall health status of the newborn, to timely diagnose and intervene birth-related complica...

    Authors: Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Yigizie Yeshaw, Ayenew Kassie Tesema, Adugnaw Zeleke Alem and Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a highly prevalent mental health problem that affects parental health with implications for child health in infancy, childhood, adolescence and beyond. The primary aim of this st...

    Authors: Ryan Chow, Eileen Huang, Allen Li, Sophie Li, Sarah Y. Fu, Jin S. Son and Warren G. Foster

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the induction of labour in mid-trimester pregnancy using a double-balloon catheter (DBC) within 12 h versus within 12–24 h.

    Authors: Jing Peng, Ruobing Li, Shuguo Du, Heng Yin, Min Li, Xuan Zheng, Shiyao Wu and Yun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Trial of labor after a previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) has reduced the rate of cesarean sections (CS). Nevertheless, the widespread use of TOLAC has been limited by an increase in adverse outcomes, the most...

    Authors: Huan ZHANG, Haiyan LIU, Shouling LUO and Weirong GU

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There are fundamental and rapid changes in body shape during pregnancy, some of which persist for an extended time after delivery and may cause dissatisfaction with body shape. Therefore, we conducted this stu...

    Authors: Mehrri Tavakoli, Seyedeh Batool Hasanpoor-Azghady and Leila Amiri Farahani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Premature birth can affect maternal mental health. Considering that the mental health disorder in mothers may play a vital role in the growth and development of their children, therefore, this study was conduc...

    Authors: Leila Seiiedi-Biarag, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Khalil Esmaeilpour and Shirin Hasanpour

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Maternal and child health care services are available in both public and private facilities in Nepal. Studies have not yet looked at trends in maternal and child health service use over time in Nepal. This pap...

    Authors: Ramesh Prasad Adhikari, Manisha Laxmi Shrestha, Emily N. Satinsky and Nawaraj Upadhaya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Improvements in medical technologies have seen over-medicalization of childbirth. Caesarean section (CS) is a lifesaving procedure proven effective in reducing maternal and perinatal mortality across the globe...

    Authors: Valentina Laurita Longo, Emmanuel Nene Odjidja, Thierry Kamba Beia, Manuela Neri, Karina Kielmann, Irene Gittardi, Amanda Isabella Di Rosa, Michela Boldrini, Gian Benedetto Melis, Giovanni Scambia and Antonio Lanzone

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:770

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The absence of suitable care during the postpartum period might result in substantial ill-health and even the demise of newborns. So, identifying and intervening thus factors increase postnatal newborn care ut...

    Authors: Abdu Seid and Mohammed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:761

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Simulation-based training in neonatal resuscitation is more effective when reinforced by both practice and continuous improvement processes. We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement progra...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Omkar Basnet, Joar Eilevstjønn, Helge Myklebust, Sakina Girnary, Shree Krishna Shrestha, Dela Singh, Laxman Bastola, Prajwal Paudel, Sandhya Baral and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:756

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of second-degree perineal tears, obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), and high vaginal tears in primiparous women, and to examine how sociodemographic a...

    Authors: Markus Harry Jansson, Karin Franzén, Ayako Hiyoshi, Gunilla Tegerstedt, Hedda Dahlgren and Kerstin Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:749

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In 2009, the Steering Committee for Pregnancy and Childbirth in the Netherlands recommended the implementation of continuous care during labor in order to improve perinatal outcomes. However, in current care, ...

    Authors: Adrie Lettink, Karina Chaibekava, Luc Smits, Josje Langenveld, Rafli van de Laar, Babette Peeters, Marie-Louise Verstappen, Carmen Dirksen, Marianne Nieuwenhuijze and Hubertina Scheepers

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:725

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Water immersion during labour can provide benefits including reduced need for regional analgesia and a shorter labour. However, in the United Kingdom a minority of women use a pool for labour or birth, with po...

    Authors: Sarah Milosevic, Susan Channon, Jacqueline Hughes, Billie Hunter, Mary Nolan, Rebecca Milton and Julia Sanders

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:719

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Receiving epidural analgesia during labor can possibly have negative consequences for mother and child. Yet, the use of epidural analgesia rapidly increased in the Netherlands over the last decade. Since anten...

    Authors: Lianne P Hulsbosch, Ivan Nyklíček, Eva S Potharst, Myrthe GBM Boekhorst and Victor JM Pop

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:718

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Few studies have focused on cesarean delivery (CD) trends among primipara under the one-child and the two-child policies. This study aimed to explore the trends in CD rates among primipara during 1995–2019 and...

    Authors: Guoqiang Sun, Ying Lin, Honglian Lu, Wenjing He, Ruyan Li, Lijun Yang, Xian Liu, Hongyan Wang, Xuewen Yang and Yao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:715

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To demonstrate that studies on induction of labour should be analyzed by parity as there is a significant difference in the labour outcome among induced nulliparous and multiparous women.

    Authors: Branko Denona, Michael Foley, Rhona Mahony and Michael Robson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:709

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In the Twin Birth Study, women at 320/7–386/7 weeks of gestation, in whom the first twin was in cephalic presentation, were randomized to planned vaginal delivery or cesarean section. The study found no significa...

    Authors: C Dougan, L Gotha, N Melamed, A Aviram, EV Asztalos, S Anabusi, AR Willan, JFR Barrett and E Mei-Dan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:702

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Pregnancy among adolescents, whether intended or not, is a public health concern as it is generally considered high risk for both mothers and their newborns. In Zambia, where many women engage in early sexual ...

    Authors: Tannia Tembo, Aybüke Koyuncu, Haoran Zhuo, Martha Mwendafilumba and Albert Manasyan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:684

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity is a major global health priority. However, much remains unknown regarding factors associated with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) among childbearing women in the Rwan...

    Authors: Oliva Bazirete, Manassé Nzayirambaho, Aline Umubyeyi, Marie Chantal Uwimana and Marilyn Evans

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:678

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Instrumental deliveries are an unavoidable part of obstetric practice. Dedicated training is needed for each instrument. To identify when a trainee resident can be entrusted with instrumental deliveries by Suz...

    Authors: Perrine COSTE MAZEAU, Nedjma BOUKEFFA, Nathalie TICAUD BOILEAU, Samantha HUET, Maud TRAVERSE, Jean-Luc EYRAUD, Alexine LAGUERRE, Cyrille CATALAN and Cécilia RIEDL

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:674

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Delivery methods are associated with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) both in nulliparous and multiparous women. However, few studies have examined the difference in this association between nulliparous and multipa...

    Authors: Chang Xu, Wanting Zhong, Qiang Fu, Li Yi, Yuqing Deng, Zhaohui Cheng, Xiaojun Lin, Miao Cai, Shilin Zhong, Manli Wang, Hongbing Tao, Haoling Xiong, Xin Jiang and Yun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:660

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 21:64

  40. The psychological birth trauma is a universal phenomenon in childbearing women. The influences could extend in a wide range, which includes the mothers’ health, mother-infant relationship, partner relationship...

    Authors: Ke Zhang, Ling Dai, Meiliyang Wu, Tieying Zeng, Mengmei Yuan and Ye Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:651

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Rwanda has a high unmet need for family planning which could be reduced by improving access to postpartum intrauterine contraceptives device (PPIUCD) insertion. The objective of the study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Chris Adrien Kanakuze, Dan Kabonge Kaye, Priscilla Musabirema, Pascal Nkubito and Scovia Nalugo Mbalinda

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:650

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The period around childbirth and the first 24 hours postpartum remains a perilous time for both mother and newborn. Health care providers’ compliance to the World Health Organization modified partogram across ...

    Authors: Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Mulugeta Woldu Abrha and Haftom Gebrehiwot Weldearegay

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:647

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Thermal control after birth is an essential part of neonatal care. However, the relationship between neonatal temperature at and after admission is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the change between neon...

    Authors: Francesco Cavallin, Serena Calgaro, Valentina Brugnolaro, Amir Hussein Abubacar Seni, Arlindo Rosario Muhelo, Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto and Daniele Trevisanuto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:646

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Oxytocin is effective in reducing labor duration, but can be associated with fetal and maternal complications such as neonatal acidosis and post-partum hemorrhage. When comparing discontinuing oxytocin in the ...

    Authors: Aude Girault, François Goffinet and Camille Le Ray

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:640

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: