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Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Hypoxia during labor contributes to 2.2 million intrapartum and early neonatal deaths each year. An additional 0.6–1.0 million cases of life-long disability occur because of fetal hypoxia during labor. It is k...

    Authors: David M. Goodman, Pendo Mlay, Nathan Thielman, Maria J. Small and John W. Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:71

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Accurate diagnosis of preterm labour is needed to ensure correct management of those most at risk of preterm birth and to prevent the maternal and fetal risks incurred by unnecessary interventions given to the...

    Authors: Helena A. Watson, Naomi Carlisle, Katy Kuhrt, Rachel M. Tribe, Jenny Carter, Paul Seed and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:68

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Although antenatal betamethasone is recommended worldwide for women at risk of preterm delivery, concerns persist regarding the long-term effects associated with this treatment. Indeed, adverse events, mainly ...

    Authors: Thomas Schmitz, Corinne Alberti, Moreno Ursino, Olivier Baud and Camille Aupiais

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:67

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal care provides the best opportunity to promote maternal and child health services use. But many Ethiopian mothers deliver at home and fail to attend postnatal care. Therefore, this study was done to i...

    Authors: Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Fentie Ambaw and Seblewongiel Ayenalem Kidanie

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:64

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Preterm birth is a major cause of prenatal and postnatal mortality particularly in developing countries. This study investigated the maternal risk factors associated with the risk of preterm birth.

    Authors: Maryam Soltani, Hamid Reza Tabatabaee, Shahin Saeidinejat, Marzieh Eslahi, Halime Yaghoobi, Ehsan Mazloumi, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Ali Ghasemi, Naeimeh Keyghobadi, Mostafa Enayatrad, Abed Noori, Seyyed Aliasghar Hashemi, Fatemeh Zolfizadeh, Sepideh Mahdavi, Tannaz Valadbeigi, Koorosh Etemad…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:57

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In regard to obstetrical analgesia management there are different results related to the use of epidural analgesia versus mechanical adverse outcomes at delivery.

    Authors: Ivan Penuela, Pilar Isasi-Nebreda, Hedylamar Almeida, Mario López, Esther Gomez-Sanchez and Eduardo Tamayo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:52

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Oxytocin for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) prophylaxis is commonly administered by either intramuscular (IM) injection or intravenous (IV) infusion with both routes recommended equally and little discussion of p...

    Authors: Dyanna Charles, Holly Anger, Rasha Dabash, Emad Darwish, Mohamed Cherine Ramadan, Amr Mansy, Yomna Salem, Ilana G. Dzuba, Meagan E. Byrne, Miral Breebaart and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:38

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Afghanistan faces a high burden of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, including pre-eclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E), are among the most common causes of maternal...

    Authors: Nasratullah Ansari, Partamin Manalai, Farzana Maruf, Sheena Currie, Jelle Stekelenburg, Jos van Roosmalen, Young-Mi Kim and Hannah Tappis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:36

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Severe obstetric hemorrhage caused by placenta accreta results in significant maternal morbidity and mortality. As a new technology, abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (AABO) is becoming an important treatment...

    Authors: Li Chen, Xiaodan Wang, Hengyu Wang, Qin Li, Nan Shan and Hongbo Qi

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:30

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The phenomenon of being ‘with woman’ is fundamental to midwifery as it underpins its philosophy, relationships and practices. There is an identified gap in knowledge around the ‘with woman’ phenomenon from the...

    Authors: Zoe Bradfield, Yvonne Hauck, Michelle Kelly and Ravani Duggan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:29

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Research and different organizations have proposed indicators to monitor the quality of maternal and child healthcare, such indicators are used for different purposes.

    Authors: Pedro J. Saturno-Hernández, Ismael Martínez-Nicolás, Estephania Moreno-Zegbe, María Fernández-Elorriaga and Ofelia Poblano-Verástegui

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:25

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Antenatal corticosteroid treatment is globally recommended for women at risk of giving birth before 34 weeks of gestation. In Japan, data on the rate of completing recommended antenatal corticosteroid treatmen...

    Authors: Daisuke Shigemi and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:17

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Among the various methods available, the administration of prostaglandins is the most effective for inducing labour in women with an unfavourable cervix. Recent studies have compared treatment with various tit...

    Authors: O. Lapuente-Ocamica, L. Ugarte, A. Lopez-Picado, F. Sanchez-Refoyo, Iñaki Lete Lasa, O. Echevarria, J. Álvarez-Sala, A. Fariñas, I. Bilbao, L. Barbero, J. Vicarregui, R. Hernanz Chaves, D. Paz Corral and J. A. Lopez-Lopez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:14

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  14. Content type: Research article

    World health organization stated that postnatal care is defined as a care given to the mother and her newborn baby immediately after the birth of the placenta and for the first six weeks of life. Majority of m...

    Authors: Kihinetu Gelaye Wudineh, Azezu Asres Nigusie, Shumiye Shiferaw Gesese, Azimeraw Arega Tesu and Fentahun Yenealem Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:508

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Fear or anxiety could result in adverse consequences on the course of labour. To date, family members are still not permitted in the delivery rooms in the majority of hospitals in China, and continuous support...

    Authors: Man Wang, Qing Song, Jun Xu, Zheng Hu, Yingying Gong, Arier C. Lee and Qi Chen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:480

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Repeat cesarean delivery (CD) accounts for approximately 15% of all annual deliveries in the US with an estimated 656,250 operations per year. We aimed to study whether prolonged operative time (OT; skin incis...

    Authors: Misgav Rottenstreich, Hen Y. Sela, Ori Shen, Rachel Michaelson-Cohen, Arnon Samueloff and Orna Reichman

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:477

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    About one-third of women report their childbirth as traumatic and up to 10% have severe traumatic stress responses to birth. The prevalence of Posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth (PTSD FC) is es...

    Authors: Josefin Sjömark, Thomas Parling, Maria Jonsson, Margareta Larsson and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:387

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Late- and postterm pregnancy are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes, like perinatal death. We evaluated causes of death and substandard care factors (SSFs) in term and postterm perinatal death.

    Authors: Joep C. Kortekaas, Anke C. Scheuer, Esteriek de Miranda, Aimée E. van Dijk, Judit K. J. Keulen, Aafke Bruinsma, Ben W. J. Mol, Frank P. H. A. Vandenbussche and Jeroen van Dillen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:380

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Rising rates of caesarean section (CS) are a concern in many countries, yet Sweden has managed to maintain low CS rates. Exploring the multifactorial and complex reasons behind the rising trend in CS has becom...

    Authors: Sunita Panda, Deirdre Daly, Cecily Begley, Annika Karlström, Birgitta Larsson, Lena Bäck and Ingegerd Hildingsson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:377

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Caesarean section is a lifesaving surgical intervention for women and their newborns, though overutilization is a public health concern. The caesarean rate in Bangladesh is approximately 23% overall, and in pr...

    Authors: Tahmina Begum, Cathryn Ellis, Malabika Sarker, Jean-Francois Rostoker, Aminur Rahman, Iqbal Anwar and Laura Reichenbach

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:368

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  21. Content type: Research article

    For first-time mothers, not knowing how to interact with newborn infants increases anxiety and decreases the quality of the parent–infant interactions. A substantial lack of interactional knowledge can ultimat...

    Authors: Fen-Fang Chung, Gwo-Hwa Wan, Su-Chen Kuo, Kuan-Chia Lin and Hsueh-Erh Liu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:365

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To assess the impact of 10 years of simulation-based shoulder dystocia training on clinical outcomes, staff confidence, management, and to scrutinize the characteristics of the pedagogical practice of the simu...

    Authors: Johanna Dahlberg, Marie Nelson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren and Marie Blomberg

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:361

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Despite several decades of investment into family planning and maternal health systems strengthening, Indonesia’s maternal mortality ratio remains among the highest in Southeast Asia. Among postpartum women un...

    Authors: Belinda Rina Marie Spagnoletti, Linda Rae Bennett, Michelle Kermode and Siswanto Agus Wilopo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:353

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Placenta previa is major obstetric surgical risk as it is associated with higher percentage of intraoperative and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), increased requirement of blood transfusion and further surgical pr...

    Authors: Ahmad Sameer Sanad, Ahmad E. Mahran, Mahmoud Elmorsi Aboulfotouh, Hany Hassan Kamel, Hashem Fares Mohammed, Haitham A. Bahaa, Reham R. Elkateeb, Alaa Gamal Abdelazim, Mohamed Ahmed Zeen El-Din and Hossam El-Din Shawki

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:351

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Fear of childbirth may reduce the womens’ pain tolerance during labour and may have impact on the mother-infant interaction. We aimed to assess (1) the association between fear of childbirth antepartum and sub...

    Authors: Sabine L. M. Logtenberg, Corine J. Verhoeven, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Anne-Marie Sluijs, Liv M. Freeman, François G. Schellevis and Ben Willem Mol

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:347

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  26. Content type: Research article

    While there is increasing interest in identifying pregnancies at risk for adverse outcome, existing prediction models have not adequately assessed population-based risks, and have been based on conventional re...

    Authors: Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Hongqun Zhang, David Hamilton, Alexander C. Allen, K. S. Joseph and Victoria M. Allen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:333

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Third and fourth degree perineal tears, or obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), sustained during childbirth can result in anal incontinence and psychosocial problems which require ongoing treatment. Withi...

    Authors: Posy Bidwell, Ranee Thakar, Nick Sevdalis, Louise Silverton, Vivienne Novis, Alexandra Hellyer, Megan Kelsey, Jan van der Meulen and Ipek Gurol-Urganci

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:331

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Whether the delivery of a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infant predicts future maternal metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not known. To this aim, we investigated the incidence of MetS and its components in women ...

    Authors: Heidi Hakkarainen, Hanna Huopio, Henna Cederberg, Raimo Voutilainen and Seppo Heinonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:326

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  29. Content type: Research article

    While their incidence is on the rise, twin pregnancies are associated with risks to the mothers and their babies. This study aims to investigate the likelihood of adverse neonatal outcomes of twins following a...

    Authors: Alex Y. Wang, Nadom Safi, Fathalla Ali, Kei Lui, Zhuoyang Li, Mark P. Umstad and Elizabeth A. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:320

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Becoming the parent of a new baby comes with a range of challenges including difficulties with emotional adjustment, couple relationship issues and difficulty managing common infant behaviors, such as crying a...

    Authors: Mandy Mihelic, Alina Morawska and Ania Filus

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:311

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Purpose of this study was to investigate differences between primiparous term pregnancies, one leading to vaginal delivery (VD) and the other to acute cesarean section (CS) due to labor dystocia in the first s...

    Authors: Tuija Hautakangas, Outi Palomäki, Karoliina Eidstø, Heini Huhtala and Jukka Uotila

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:304

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The unique clinical features of pregnancy termination in the second trimester with concurrent placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders place obstetricians in a complex and delicate situation. However, there a...

    Authors: Ran Cui, Menghui Li, Junli Lu, Huimin Bai and Zhenyu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:298

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have explored the association between a previous caesarean section (CS) and adverse perinatal outcomes in a subsequent pregnancy, especially in women who underwent a non-indicated CS in their first...

    Authors: Hong-Tao Hu, Jing-Jing Xu, Jing Lin, Cheng Li, Yan-Ting Wu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, Xin-Mei Liu and He-Feng Huang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:273

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Early postnatal period is characterized by dramatic adaptation changes of cardiovascular and respiratory systems in newborns. There is still insufficient data regarding maturation of autonomic regulatory mecha...

    Authors: Marek Kozar, Ingrid Tonhajzerova, Michal Mestanik, Katarina Matasova, Mirko Zibolen, Andrea Calkovska and Kamil Javorka

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:264

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is limited research examining midwives' education, knowledge and practice around immersion in water for labour or birth. Our aim was to address this gap in evidence and build knowledge around this import...

    Authors: Lucy Lewis, Yvonne L. Hauck, Janice Butt, Chloe Western, Helen Overing, Corrinne Poletti, Jessica Priest, Dawn Hudd and Brooke Thomson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:249

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Structural and gender violence in Mexico take on various forms, obstetric violence among them. The objective of our study consisted in analyzing experiences of structural and gender discrimination against wome...

    Authors: Rosario Valdez Santiago, Luz Arenas Monreal, Anabel Rojas Carmona and Mario Sánchez Domínguez

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:244

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Major concerns of pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus are an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome. The objective of this study was to analyse the rate of fetal distress during labor in women wi...

    Authors: B Castelijn, KWP Hollander, JF Hensbergen, RG IJzerman, AW Valkenburg-van den Berg, JWR Twisk, CJM De Groot and MGAJ Wouters

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:228

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In severe post-partum haemorrhage, death can occur within hours of bleeding onset so interventions to control the bleeding must be given immediately. In clinical trials of treatments for life-threatening bleed...

    Authors: Amy Brenner, Haleema Shakur-Still, Rizwana Chaudhri, Bukola Fawole, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Ian Roberts

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:215

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In industrialised countries the incidence of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is increasing, for which exact etiology is not well understood. Studies have relied upon retrospective data with estimated blood loss a...

    Authors: Lauren Kearney, Mary Kynn, Rachel Reed, Lisa Davenport, Jeanine Young and Keppel Schafer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:214

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Since the 2000s, selective episiotomy has been systematically recommended worldwide. In France, the recommended episiotomy rate in vaginal deliveries is less than 30%. The aims of this study were to describe t...

    Authors: Karine Goueslard, Jonathan Cottenet, Adrien Roussot, Christophe Clesse, Paul Sagot and Catherine Quantin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:208

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Delayed interval intertwin delivery rates are expected to rise during the next years as potent and targeted tocolytic agents are employed and antenatal surveillance methods become more sophisticated and specif...

    Authors: George Daskalakis, Panagiotis Fotinopoulos, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Mariana Theodora, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Michail Sindos, Nikolaos Papantoniou and Dimitrios Loutradis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:206

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although interventions in childbirth are important in order to prevent neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, non-indicated use may cause avoidable harm. Regional variations in intervention rates, whic...

    Authors: A. E. Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, D. C. Zondag, M. Nieuwenhuijze, T. Van den Akker, C. J. Verhoeven, C. Geerts, F. Schellevis and A. De Jonge

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:192

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Peripartum hysterectomy can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most studies of peripartum hysterectomy are from high income countries. This cohort study examined risk factors for peripartum hysterectom...

    Authors: Sumaya Huque, Ian Roberts, Bukola Fawole, Rizwana Chaudhri, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran and Haleema Shakur-Still

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:186

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous vaginal twin delivery after 32nd week of gestation is safe when first twin presenting cephalic. Aim of this study is to identify obstetric factors influencing the condition of second twin and to ve...

    Authors: Gerhard Bogner, Valentina Wallner, Claudius Fazelnia, Martina Strobl, Birgit Volgger, Thorsten Fischer and Volker R. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:176

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Misoprostol vaginal insert for induction of labor has been recently reported to be superior to dinoprostone vaginal insert in a phase III trial, but has never been compared to vaginal misoprostol in another ga...

    Authors: Daniele Bolla, Saskia Vanessa Weissleder, Anda-Petronela Radan, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Luigi Raio, Martin Müller and Daniel Surbek

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:149

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