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Section Edited by Vishnu Khanal

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of breastfeeding preparation, initiation, duration, support, outcomes, and all other aspects of breastfeeding.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To assess the prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of cracked nipples in the first month postpartum.

    Authors: Kamila Juliana da Silva Santos, Géssica Silva Santana, Tatiana de Oliveira Vieira, Carlos Antônio de Souza Teles Santos, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani and Graciete Oliveira Vieira

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:209

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The U.S. continues to have one of the lowest breastfeeding rates in the industrialized world. Studies have shown that full-time employment and early return to work decreased breastfeeding duration, but little ...

    Authors: Rada K. Dagher, Patricia M. McGovern, Jesse D. Schold and Xian J. Randall

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:194

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Transmasculine individuals are people who were assigned as female at birth, but identify on the male side of the gender spectrum. They might choose to use and engage their bodies to be pregnant, birth a baby, ...

    Authors: Trevor MacDonald, Joy Noel-Weiss, Diana West, Michelle Walks, MaryLynne Biener, Alanna Kibbe and Elizabeth Myler

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:106

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have demonstrated that prenatal care (PNC) has an effect on women’s breastfeeding practices. This study aims to examine the influence of adequacy of PNC initiation and services use on breastfe...

    Authors: Christy Costanian, Alison K. Macpherson and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:100

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant’s life has enormous potential to reduce mortality and morbidity. The older generation, particularly the infant’s grandmothers, play a central role ...

    Authors: Joel Negin, Jenna Coffman, Pavle Vizintin and Camille Raynes-Greenow

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:91

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The caesarean section (c-section) rate in Canada is 27.1 %, well above the 5–15 % of deliveries suggested by the World Health Organization in 2009. Emergency and planned c-sections may adversely affect breastf...

    Authors: Amy J. Hobbs, Cynthia A. Mannion, Sheila W. McDonald, Meredith Brockway and Suzanne C. Tough

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:90

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and breastfeeding has been extensively discussed in the literature. However, there is some evidence that this relationship can differ with immigration status...

    Authors: Wen-chi Wu, Jennifer Chun-Li Wu and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:298

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Whilst it is recommended that babies are breastfed exclusively for the first six months, many mothers do not maintain breastfeeding for this length of time. Previous research confirms that women and midwives v...

    Authors: Emma L Giles, Matthew Holmes, Elaine McColl, Falko F Sniehotta and Jean M Adams

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:116

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Exclusive breastfeeding for six months is recommended but few parents achieve this; particularly younger and less well-educated mothers. Many parents introduce infant formula milk to manage feeding but describ...

    Authors: Rhona J McInnes, Alix Arbuckle and Pat Hoddinott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2015 15:81

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Breastfeeding is recognised as the optimal method for feeding infants with health gains made by reducing infectious diseases in infancy; and chronic diseases, including obesity, in childhood, adolescence and a...

    Authors: Danielle Gallegos, Rebekah Russell-Bennett, Josephine Previte and Joy Parkinson

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:374

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite a gradual increase in breastfeeding rates, overall in the UK there are wide variations, with a trend towards breastfeeding rates at 6–8 weeks remaining below 40% in less affluent areas. While financial...

    Authors: Barbara Whelan, Kate J Thomas, Patrice Van Cleemput, Heather Whitford, Mark Strong, Mary J Renfrew, Elaine Scott and Clare Relton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:355

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Breastfeeding is associated with significant positive health outcomes for mothers and infants. However, despite recommendations from the World Health Organization, exclusive breastfeeding for six months is unc...

    Authors: Helen L McLachlan, Della A Forster, Lisa H Amir, Rhonda Small, Meabh Cullinane, Lyndsey F Watson and Touran Shafiei

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:346

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  13. Content type: Research article

    HIV-positive mothers are likely to exclusively breastfeed if they perceive exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) beneficial to them and their infants. Nevertheless, very little is known in Malawi about HIV-positive mo...

    Authors: Ursula K Kafulafula, Mary K Hutchinson, Susan Gennaro and Sally Guttmacher

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:247

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Child undernutrition and poor feeding practices remain a concern in Ghana. The Growth Monitoring and Promotion (GMP) programme seeks to empower mothers to provide appropriate child care. Although the program h...

    Authors: Sandra Gyampoh, Gloria Ethel Otoo and Richmond Nii Okai Aryeetey

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:180

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    The risks of not breastfeeding for mother and infant are well established, yet in Australia, although most women initiate breastfeeding many discontinue breastfeeding altogether and few women exclusively breastfe...

    Authors: Della A Forster, Helen L McLachlan, Mary-Ann Davey, Lisa H Amir, Lisa Gold, Rhonda Small, Kate Mortensen, Anita M Moorhead, Heather A Grimes and Fiona E McLardie-Hore

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:177

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Determinants of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) differ in effect and magnitude across populations. The present study aimed to identify factors associated with discontinuation of EBF in a municipa...

    Authors: Tatiana O Vieira, Graciete O Vieira, Nelson F de Oliveira, Carlos M C Mendes, Elsa Regina J Giugliani and Luciana R Silva

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:175

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  17. Content type: Research article

    When breastfeeding is difficult or impossible during the neonatal period, an analysis of muscle activity can help determine the best method for substituting it to promote the child’s development. The aim of th...

    Authors: Ellia CL França, Cejana B Sousa, Lucas C Aragão and Luciane R Costa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:154

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In vitro and in vivo analyses differ between the number of milk ducts found in the lactating breast, and there is a lack of knowledge as to whether or not external factors in the mother or the child affect the...

    Authors: Julia Jütte, Ariane Hohoff, Cristina Sauerland, Dirk Wiechmann and Thomas Stamm

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:124

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Although the majority of women in England initiate breastfeeding, approximately one third cease breastfeeding by six weeks and many of these women report they would like to have breastfed for longer.

    Authors: Laura L Oakley, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw and Maria A Quigley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:88

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