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Breastfeeding

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of breastfeeding preparation, initiation, duration, support, outcomes, and all other aspects of breastfeeding.

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  1. The rate of exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum is only 50% in Japan. In order to increase this rate, we aimed to examine modifiable factors related to exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...

    Authors: Mie Shiraishi, Masayo Matsuzaki, Shoko Kurihara, Maki Iwamoto and Mieko Shimada

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:730

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Studies reveal that promoting the breastfeeding knowledge level help to improve breastfeeding behaviors. Promoting breastfeeding knowledge is a simple and economical way to increase breastfeeding rates. Howeve...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Hua-xuan You and Bi-ru Luo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:723

    Content type: Research article

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  3. One approach for improving breastfeeding support and alleviating breastfeeding disparities is the implementation of a clinic-based peer counselor. Our objective was to assess the “real life” effects of an auto...

    Authors: Noelle G. Martinez, Angelina Strohbach, Fengling Hu and Lynn M. Yee

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:671

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that breastfeeding should be initiated within the first hour of delivery followed by exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months. This study examined the determinants ...

    Authors: Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah and Freda Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:632

    Content type: Research article

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  5. For optimal growth and development, the World Health Organization recommends that children be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life. However, according to the nationally-representative 2013–2014...

    Authors: Francine E. Wood, Anastasia J. Gage and Dieudonné Bidashimwa

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:586

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF), for the first 6 months of life, is globally accepted as the preferred method for infant feeding. In Ghana, an estimated 84% of children < 2 months old are exclusively breastfed.

    Authors: Louisa Adda, Kwabena Opoku-Mensah and Phyllis Dako-Gyeke

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:575

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A lack of perceived social support influences women’s infant feeding behaviours. The Infant Feeding Genogram is a visual co-constructed diagram which details people/services that can provide support to women a...

    Authors: Gill Thomson, Jenny Ingram, Joanne L. Clarke, Debbie Johnson, Heather Trickey, Stephan U. Dombrowski, Pat Hoddinott, Kirsty Darwent and Kate Jolly

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:569

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Concerns about reduced milk transfer with nipple shield (NS) use are based on evidence from studies with methodological flaws. Milk removal during breastfeeding can be impacted by infant and maternal factors o...

    Authors: Viviane Silva Coentro, Sharon Lisa Perrella, Ching Tat Lai, Alethea Rea, Kevin Murray and Donna Tracy Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h as it confers many benefits to the child and prevents neonatal mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalenc...

    Authors: Frank Kiwango, Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Tamara Hashim, Sia E. Msuya and Melina Mgongo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  10. UNICEF and WHO recommend that all children should be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life as breastmilk contains all the nutrients an infant needs during this period. In Malawi, exclusive breas...

    Authors: Yusuf M. Salim and William Stones

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:530

  11. It is well established that mothers with above-normal pre-pregnancy BMI are at increased risk of breastfeeding cessation; however, the impact of pregnancy weight-gain (PWG) is less well-defined. Excess PWG may...

    Authors: Hayley Martin, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison and Ann Dozier

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:471

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Eating healthy, being physically active and breastfeeding can greatly support a new mother’s physiological and psychological health. However, within the United States, only 8.5% of women are meeting fruit and ...

    Authors: Kailey Snyder, Aja Kneip Pelster and Danae Dinkel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) is defined as initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h of birth. This is also the time colostrum is secreted with its potential benefits. Globally, two out of five under ...

    Authors: Gebretsadkan Gebremedhin Gebretsadik, Helen Tkuwab, Kidanemaryam Berhe, Afework Mulugeta, Hajira Mohammed and Abebe Gebremariam

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:448

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The literature is controversial with regard to the association between longer breastfeeding duration and lower prevalence of anterior open bite. Pacifier use may be involved in this controversy. Thus, the obje...

    Authors: Vanessa Felipe de Deus, Erissandra Gomes, Fernanda Caramez da Silva and Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Breastfeeding and caring for children demand time, energy and effort. Mothers with physical impairments in Ghana require special needs to be able to achieve optimal motherhood as society demands. Globally, lit...

    Authors: Angela Kwartemaa Acheampong, Lydia Aziato, Margaret Marfo and Philomena Amevor

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:331

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) is a predetermining factor for exclusive breastfeeding, and thus a foundation for optimal breastfeeding practices. Rates of EIBF are low globally (42%) and in Tanzania ...

    Authors: Hadija Y. Lyellu, Tamara H. Hussein, Margareta Wandel, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Melina Mgongo and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Both breastfeeding intentions and exposure to baby-friendly hospital practices were found to be associated with a longer duration of breastfeeding. This study aims to examine the effect of exposure to baby-fri...

    Authors: Kris Y. W. Lok, Charlotte L. Y. Chow, Heidi S. L. Fan, Vincci H. S. Chan and Marie Tarrant

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Return to work is often cited as a reason for early cessation of breastfeeding (BF). Our objectives were to study the time span during which women employed prior to pregnancy returned to work according to BF d...

    Authors: Katia Castetbon, Julie Boudet-Berquier and Benoit Salanave

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The World Health Organization recommends initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth and exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age. Infant feeding practices, including suboptimal breastfeeding pract...

    Authors: Dinesh Dharel, Ranjan Dhungana, Sushma Basnet, Swotantra Gautam, Animesh Dhungana, Rajesh Dudani and Asmita Bhattarai

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The mode of delivery influences breastfeeding practices. High rates of caesarean section and low breastfeeding rates are important public health concerns for all developing countries. This study aimed to deter...

    Authors: Nüket Paksoy Erbaydar and Tuğrul Erbaydar

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Migration to another country has a potential influence on breastfeeding practices. A significant difference in breastfeeding rates between Irish nationals and non-nationals has been reported. This study was co...

    Authors: Qianling Zhou, Katherine M. Younger, Tanya M. Cassidy, Wenyi Wang and John M. Kearney

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:51

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A considerable amount of research demonstrates how breastfeeding self-efficacy significantly influences breastfeeding outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of nursing intervention on mother’...

    Authors: Safiya Sabri Piro and Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:19

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The World Health Organization recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed until the age of six months. Breastfeeding is generally understood to mean the provision of human breastmilk to the infant by dire...

    Authors: Leah Strauch, Linda Sweet, Hayley Scott and Amanda Müller

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:511

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The first few weeks after childbirth are critical, as women may encounter lactation problems and postpartum depression during this period. However, it is still unclear whether early breastfeeding behaviours ar...

    Authors: Tingting Sha, Xiao Gao, Cheng Chen, Ling Li, Gang Cheng, Xialing Wu, Qianling Tian, Fan Yang, Qiong He and Yan Yan

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:388

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Breast milk is a natural and unique nutrient for optimum growth and development of the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of unpredictable drug residues in mothers’ milk and the rel...

    Authors: Ayşe Meltem Ergen and Sıddıka Songül Yalçın

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:348

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2020 20:393

  26. The benefits of family-centered care for the health and well-being of preterm infants and their families include increased parent-infant closeness, improved lactation, and positive mental health outcomes; howe...

    Authors: Sarah Holdren, Cynthia Fair and Liisa Lehtonen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:345

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Low-income and minority children are at increased risk for obesity. Text messaging offers advantages for delivering education, but few studies have assessed the acceptability of text messaging in interventions...

    Authors: Cheryl L. K. Gibby, Cristina Palacios, Maribel Campos, Rafael E. Graulau and Jinan Banna

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:291

    Content type: Research article

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  28. During pregnancy and postnatally, women seek information from a variety of sources. The potential to incorporate educational pregnancy and parenting resources into conventional health services is underexplored...

    Authors: Nicola Crossland, Gill Thomson and Victoria Hall Moran

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:253

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are those born small for their gestational age, with weight below the 10th percentile. Not only do SGA infants suffer growth issues after birth, they have elevated risk ...

    Authors: Alexandra D. George, Melvin C. L. Gay, Mary E. Wlodek and Donna T. Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:210

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Bonding refers to emotions and cognitions towards one’s infant. Breastfeeding is believed to facilitate bonding, yet only a handful of studies have empirically tested this assertion. This study aimed to confir...

    Authors: Ilana S. Hairston, Jonathan E. Handelzalts, Tamar Lehman-Inbar and Michal Kovo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:125

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Increasing the prevalence of optimal breastfeeding practices, including exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, could prevent an estimated 823,000 child deaths annually. Self-efficacy is an important determinant...

    Authors: Godfred O. Boateng, Stephanie L. Martin, Emily L. Tuthill, Shalean M. Collins, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Barnabas K. Natamba and Sera L. Young

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:73

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Timely breastfeeding initiation is a simple but important measure that has protective effects on infants and mothers. This study aims to determine the predictors of early breastfeeding initiation among mothers...

    Authors: James Rufus John, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Getahun Kebede, Narendar Manohar and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:69

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Depressive symptoms negatively impact on breastfeeding duration, whereas early breastfeeding initiation after birth enhances the chances for a longer breastfeeding period. Our aim was to investigate the interp...

    Authors: Karin Cato, Sara M. Sylvén, Marios K. Georgakis, Natasa Kollia, Christine Rubertsson and Alkistis Skalkidou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:49

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Benefits of breastfeeding on the health of children, mothers and society are well known. However, breastfeeding rates vary according to the population examined. Chinese-born women migrated to high-income count...

    Authors: Juana María Aguilar-Ortega, Juan Luis González-Pascual, César Cardenete-Reyes, Carmen Pérez-de-Algaba-Cuenca, Santiago Pérez-García and Laura Esteban-Gonzalo

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:44

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Adverse health outcomes are higher among Maasai children in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area compared to other co-located ethnic groups and regions of Tanzania. The Mama Kwanza Socioeconomic Health Initiative,...

    Authors: Marie Dietrich Leurer, Pammla Petrucka and Manjale Msafiri

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2019 19:8

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Lactating women need to consume a high-quality diet to replete nutrient stores depleted during pregnancy and to ensure sufficient nutrition for breastfeeding. However, several studies reported suboptimal dieta...

    Authors: Kai Yu, Yong Xue, Wenzhi Zhao, Ai Zhao, Wenjun Li, Yumei Zhang and Peiyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:379

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Maternal obesity and rapid infant weight gain have been associated with increased risk of obesity in childhood. Breastfeeding is suggested to be protective against childhood obesity, but no previous study has ...

    Authors: Nashita Patel, Kathryn V. Dalrymple, Annette L. Briley, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul T. Seed, Angela C. Flynn and Lucilla Poston

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:355

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Increasing evidence shows that antibiotic use in pregnancy may increase the risk of childhood asthma but epidemiologic studies are still limited and findings are inconsistent. Meanwhile, exclusive and prolonge...

    Authors: Xiaona Huo, Shuyuan Chu, Li Hua, Yixiao Bao, Li Du, Jian Xu and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:341

    Content type: Research article

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  39. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) as the optimal way to feed infants below 6 months of age. The benefits of EBF are well documented. However, in Tanzania, EBF is still ra...

    Authors: Melina Mgongo, Tamara H. Hussein, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Siri Vangen, Sia E. Msuya and Margareta Wandel

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:323

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Adequate nutrition is essential during pregnancy and lactation to provide sufficient energy and nutrients to meet the nutritional requirements of the mother, fetus and infant. The primary objective of this stu...

    Authors: Jacinto Mantaring, Jalil Benyacoub, Raul Destura, Sophie Pecquet, Karine Vidal, Sheri Volger and Valerie Guinto

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:193

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) lowers the risk for all-cause mortality in babies, including those with low birth weight. However, rates of neonatal mortality and delayed initiation of breastfeeding r...

    Authors: M. N. Ndirangu, S. M. Gatimu, H. M. Mwinyi and D. C. Kibiwott

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Many women in the UK stop breastfeeding before they would like to, and earlier than is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Given the potential health benefits for mother and baby, new ways of s...

    Authors: Rhiannon Phillips, Lauren Copeland, Aimee Grant, Julia Sanders, Nina Gobat, Sally Tedstone, Helen Stanton, Laura Merrett, Stephen Rollnick, Michael Robling, Amy Brown, Billie Hunter, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Sian Regan, Heather Trickey and Shantini Paranjothy

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:90

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Despite almost all babies being breastfed initially, the exclusive breastfeeding rate at six months is less than 30% in China. Improving professionals’ knowledge and practical skill is a key government strateg...

    Authors: Yuan Ying Ma, Louise L. Wallace, Li Qian Qiu, Joanna Kosmala-Anderson and Naomi Bartle

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:80

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Preeclampsia is a multi-system, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that increases a woman’s risk of later-life cardiovascular disease. Breastfeeding may counteract the negative cardiovascular sequela associate...

    Authors: Jill Demirci, Mandy Schmella, Melissa Glasser, Lisa Bodnar and Katherine P. Himes

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:68

    Content type: Case report

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  45. The World Health Organization leads a global strategy to promote the initiation and maintenance of breast-feeding.

    Authors: Susana Martín-Iglesias, M. Jesús Santamaría-Martín, Ahinoa Alonso-Álvarez, Milagros Rico-Blázquez, Isabel del Cura-González, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientosn, Aurora Barberá-Martín, Teresa Sanz-Cuesta, M. Isabel Coghen-Vigueras, Isabel de Antonio-Ramírez, Isabel Durand-Rincón, Felisa Garrido-Rodriguez, María Jesús Geijo-Rincón, Rebeca Mielgo-Salvador, M. Soledad Morales-Montalvá, M. Asunción Reviriego-Gutiérrez…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  46. The nutritional status of infants born to teenage mothers can be sub-optimal compared to those born to older mothers. One contributing factor is inappropriate feeding practices adopted by teenage mothers. Litt...

    Authors: Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies and Christiane Horwood

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:52

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The benefits of breastfeeding for the infant as well for the mother are well-known. It is recognized that obese (Body Mass Index ≥30 kg/m2) women may have less antenatal intention to breastfeed, and shortened dur...

    Authors: Ing-Marie Claesson, Lotta Larsson, Linda Steen and Siw Alehagen

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018 18:39

    Content type: Research article

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