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Biomedical aspects of pregnancy

This section considers studies regarding biomedical and therapeutic aspects of pregnancy.

Page 3 of 3

  1. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes are required for adenosine triphosphate production, with each of five different isoenzymes having varying proficiencies in anaerobic versus aerobic environments. With adv...

    Authors: Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe and Elizabeth J Corwin

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:128

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many clinicians and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected pregnant women prefer elective caesarean section (ECS) to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HBV, since some studies found higher transmission of HBV i...

    Authors: Yali Hu, Jie Chen, Jian Wen, Chenyu Xu, Shu Zhang, Biyun Xu and Yi-Hua Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:119

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Medical treatment with misoprostol is a non-invasive and inexpensive treatment option in first trimester miscarriage. However, about 30% of women treated with misoprostol have incomplete evacuation of the uter...

    Authors: Marianne AC Verschoor, Marike Lemmers, Patrick M Bossuyt, Giuseppe CM Graziosi, Petra J Hajenius, Dave J Hendriks, Marcel AH van Hooff, Hannah S van Meurs, Brent C Opmeer, Maurits W van Tulder, Liesanne Bouwma, Ruby Catshoek, Peggy Geomini, Ellen R Klinkert, Josje Langenveld, Theodoor E Nieboer…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:102

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Severe perineal trauma occurs in 0.5-10% of vaginal births and can result in significant morbidity including pain, dyspareunia and faecal incontinence. The aim of this study is to determine the risk of recurre...

    Authors: Holly Priddis, Hannah G Dahlen, Virginia Schmied, Annie Sneddon, Christine Kettle, Chris Brown and Charlene Thornton

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:89

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Induction of labour is a common obstetric procedure. At present, different methods are used for induction of labour in women with an unfavourable cervix. Recently, we showed that in term women with an unfavora...

    Authors: Mieke LG ten Eikelder, Femke Neervoort, Katrien Oude Rengerink, Marta Jozwiak, Jan-Willem de Leeuw, Irene de Graaf, Maria G van Pampus, Maureen Franssen, Martijn Oudijk, Paulien van der Salm, Mallory Woiski, Paula JM Pernet, A Hanneke Feitsma, Huib van Vliet, Martina Porath, Frans Roumen…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:67

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:183

  6. Active management of the third stage of labor is recommended for the prevention of post-partum hemorrhage and commonly entails prophylactic administration of a uterotonic agent, controlled cord traction, and u...

    Authors: Wendy R Sheldon, Jill Durocher, Beverly Winikoff, Jennifer Blum and James Trussell

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Vaginal delivery after previous one cesarean section for a non recurring indication has been described by several authors as safe and having a success rate of 60–80%. Hence many centers are offering VBAC for c...

    Authors: Malede Birara and Yirgu Gebrehiwot

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:31

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The current measure of treatment efficacy of single-dose methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy, is a fall in serum hCG of ≥15% between days 4–7 of treatment, which has a positive predictive value of 93% for treat...

    Authors: Monika Skubisz, Philip Dutton, William Colin Duncan, Andrew W Horne and Stephen Tong

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:30

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The modern phenomenon of delayed parenthood applies not only to women but also to men, but less is known about what characterises men who are expecting their first child at an advanced age. This study investig...

    Authors: Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Ulla Waldenström, Svein Rasmussen, Anna Hjelmstedt and Erica Schytt

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:29

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Induction of labour (IOL) is one of the commonest obstetric interventions, with significant impact on both the individual woman and health service delivery. Outpatient IOL is an attractive option to reduce the...

    Authors: Amanda Henry, Arushi Madan, Rachel Reid, Sally K Tracy, Kathryn Austin, Alec Welsh and Daniel Challis

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Globally, there was an estimated number of 287,000 maternal deaths in 2010. Eighty five percent (245,000) of these deaths occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Among the causes of these deaths were...

    Authors: Engida Yisma, Berhanu Dessalegn, Ayalew Astatkie and Nebreed Fesseha

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:17

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Pregnancy anemia remains as a public health problem, since the official reports in the 70’s. To guide the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in pregnancy, the haemoglobin concentration is the most used test i...

    Authors: Cristiane Campello Bresani, Maria Cynthia Braga, Daniel Falcão Felisberto, Carlos Eduardo Lopes Tavares-de-Melo, Debora Bresani Salvi and Malaquias Batista-Filho

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. During the last decades there has been a steady increase of twin births. A combination of improved medical treatment of preterm and small-for-gestational age children has contributed to a higher number of surv...

    Authors: Marie Bladh, Ann Josefsson, John Carstensen, Orvar Finnström and Gunilla Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Women who have a breech presentation at term have to decide whether to attempt external cephalic version (ECV) and how they want to give birth if the baby remains breech, either by planned caesarean section (C...

    Authors: Rebecca Say, Richard Thomson, Stephen Robson and Catherine Exley

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Current recommendations do not support the use of continuous electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) for low risk women during labour, yet EFM remains widespread in clinical practice. Consideration of the views, per...

    Authors: Valerie Smith, Cecily M Begley, Mike Clarke and Declan Devane

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:166

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Clean birth practices can prevent sepsis, one of the leading causes of both maternal and newborn mortality. Evidence suggests that clean birth kits (CBKs), as part of package that includes education, are assoc...

    Authors: Vanora A Hundley, Bilal I Avan, Haris Ahmed and Wendy J Graham

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:158

    Content type: Correspondence

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  17. In the United States, an estimated 70 stillbirths occur each day, on average 25,000 each year. Research into the prevalence and causes of stillbirth is ongoing, but meanwhile, many parents suffer this devastat...

    Authors: Maureen C Kelley and Susan B Trinidad

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:137

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The incidence of severe maternal morbidity is increasing in high-income countries as a consequence, in part, of increased obstetric intervention and increasingly complex medical needs of women who become pregn...

    Authors: Marie Furuta, Jane Sandall and Debra Bick

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:125

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Spontaneous coronary and vertebral artery dissections are rare events occurring most commonly in otherwise healthy women during pregnancy or the post-partum period.

    Authors: Marta Cenkowski, Megan daSilva, Kimberly-Ann Bordun, Farrukh Hussain, Iain DC Kirkpatrick and Davinder S Jassal

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:122

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Many stillbirths show evidence of fetal growth restriction, and most occur at preterm gestational age. The objective of this study is to compare birth weights at preterm gestational ages between live births an...

    Authors: Xun Zhang, KS Joseph, Sven Cnattingius and Michael S Kramer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:119

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Postpartum hemorrhage, a major cause of maternal death and severe maternal morbidity, increased in frequency in Canada between 1991 and 2004. We carried out a study to describe the epidemiology of postpartum h...

    Authors: Azar Mehrabadi, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lily Lee, Robert M Liston and KS Joseph

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:108

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Instrumental deliveries are commonly performed in the United Kingdom and Ireland, with rates of 12 – 17% in most centres. Knowing the exact position of the fetal head is a pre-requisite for safe instrumental d...

    Authors: Deirdre J Murphy, Gerard Burke, Alan A Montgomery and Meenakshi Ramphul

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:95

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Pain relief during labour is a topic of major interest in the Netherlands. Epidural analgesia is considered to be the most effective method of pain relief and recommended as first choice. However its uptake by...

    Authors: Liv M Freeman, Kitty WM Bloemenkamp, Maureen TM Franssen, Dimitri NM Papatsonis, Petra J Hajenius, Marloes E van Huizen, Henk A Bremer, Eline SA van den Akker, Mallory D Woiski, Martina M Porath, Erik van Beek, Nico Schuitemaker, Paulien CM van der Salm, Bianca F Fong, Celine Radder, Caroline J Bax…

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:63

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Smoking paradoxically increases the risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth but protects against preeclampsia. Some studies have reported a "U-shaped" distribution of fetal growth in preeclamptic pregnan...

    Authors: Susan R Kahn, Nisha D Almeida, Helen McNamara, Gideon Koren, Jacques Genest Jr, Mourad Dahhou, Robert W Platt and Michael S Kramer

    Citation: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011 11:91

    Content type: Research article

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