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Table 3 Vital signs at admission of outborn infants transferred with the ambulance to Beira Central Hospital

From: Prognostic role of TOPS in ambulance-transferred neonates in a low-resource setting: a retrospective observational study

Aspect Variable at admission Outborn infants transferred by ambulance (n = 198)
Clinical parameters Heart rate:  
 ≤ 60 bpm 7 (3.5)
60–100 bpm 7 (3.5)
101–180 bpm 182 (92.0)
 > 180 bpm 2 (1.0)
Respiratory rate:  
Apnea 8 (4.0)
 < 40 breaths/min 23 (11.6)
40–60 breaths/min 104 (52.6)
 > 60 breaths/min 63 (31.8)
Oxygen Saturation:  
 < 80% 27 (13.6)
80–91% 45 (22.7)
 > 92% 126 (63.6)
Body temperature:  
 < 32 °C 4 (2.0)
32–35.9 °C 107 (54.1)
36–36.4 °C 39 (19.7)
36.5–37.5 °C 40 (20.2)
 > 37.5 °C 8 (4.0)
TOPS components Body temperature < 36.5 °C 150 (75.8)
Oxygen saturation < 90% 64 (32.3)
Capillary refill time ≥ 3 s 22 (11.1)
Blood sugar < 40 mg/dla 14/177 (7.9)
  1. Data expressed as n (%)
  2. aData not available in 21 neonates