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Table 1 Characteristics of outborn infants transferred by ambulance to Beira Central Hospital

From: Prognostic role of TOPS in ambulance-transferred neonates in a low-resource setting: a retrospective observational study

Outborn infants transferred with the ambulance 198
Maternal age, years: a 22 (20–29)
Homebirth 21 (10.6)
Mode of delivery:
 Vaginal delivery 195 (98.5)
 Caesarean section 3 (1.5)
Males 113 (57.1)
Females 85 (42.9)
Gestational age, weeks a 38 (34–39)
Gestational age:
 < 28 weeks 5 (2.5)
 28–31 weeks 26 (13.1)
 32–36 weeks 39 (19.7)
 37–42 weeks 128 (64.6)
Birth weight, grams: ab 2600 (1778–3000)
Birth weight: b
 < 1000 g 6/194 (3.1)
 1000–1499 g 24/194 (12.4)
 1500–2499 g 55/194 (28.3)
 2500–4000 g 107/194 (55.2)
 > 4000 g 2/194 (1.0)
5-min Apgar score:
 0–3 13 (6.6)
 4–6 40 (20.2)
 7–10 117 (59.1)
 Unknown 28 (14.1)
Distance, km a 13 (7–32)
Age at admission, days a 0 (0–3)
Age at admission:
 ≤ 24 h 129 (65.2)
 > 24 h 69 (34.8)
Weight at admission, grams a 2498 (1668–3025)
Diagnosis at admission:
 Asphyxia 58 (29.3)
 Prematurity 50 (25.3)
 Sepsis 45 (22.7)
 Congenital malformation c 21 (10.6)
 Respiratory distress 7 (3.5)
 Gastrointestinal diseases d 7 (3.5)
 Cutaneous or musculoskeletal diseases e 4 (2)
 Metabolic problems f 2 (1)
 Convulsions 2 (1)
 Poor growth or weight loss 2 (1)
  1. Data expressed as n (%) or a median (IQR)
  2. Data not available in b4 neonates
  3. cCongenital malformations included spina bifida (n = 10), abdominal wall defects (n = 6), imperforazione anale (n = 1), club foot (n = 1), hydrocphalus (n = 1), neck mass (n = 1), sacrococcygeus teratoma (n = 1)
  4. dAbdominal distension, diarrhea, vomiting
  5. eAbscesses, cellulitis, fractures, birth trauma
  6. fHypoglycemia, jaundice