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Table 4 Summary of the final model of stepwise linear regression analyses of body image at T2

From: Course and prediction of body image dissatisfaction during pregnancy: a prospective study

  BIPS T2
Preoccupation with appearance Dissatisfaction with strength-related aspects Dissatisfaction with complexion Dissatisfaction with body parts Prioritization of appearance over function Concerns about sexual attractiveness
  β β β β β β
Sociodemographic variables
 Age       
 School education (0 = low to middle; 1 = high)       
 Household income    -.139*    
 Parity (0 = primiparous; 1 = multiparous)       
Pregnancy-related variables
 Pregnancy plans       
 Desire for Pregnancy       
Weight-and physical health-related variables
 Pre-pregnancy BMI     .180**   
 Weight gain (before pregnancy to T1) .119*    .147*   
 Current physical disorders (0 = no; 1 = yes) .341***      
 Poor Sleep Quality (PSQI) .133* .241***     .147*
Eating- and activity-related variables
 Number of days with eating attacks (EDE-Q)     .135*   
 Number of days with uncontrolled eating (EDE-Q)       .216***
 Moderate physical activity (IPAQ) .160**     -.160*  
Intense physical activity (IPAQ)   -.158*     
Psychological variables
 Social Support (BSSS)       -.141*
 Mental disorders before pregnancy (0 = no; 1 = yes)   .178**     
 Depression (EDPS)       
 Worry (CWS) .232***   .249*** .211** -.200**  
 Self-Esteem (RSE) -.161*     -.268*** -.311***
F (df1, df2) 17.700*** (6,215) 11.216*** (3,218) 10.538*** (2,219) 7.966*** (4, 217) 6.396*** (3, 218) 16.516*** (4, 217)
R2 (adjusted R2) .331 (.312) .134 (122) .088 (.079) .128 (.112) .081 (.068) .233 (.219)
  1. Independent variables were assessed at T1. Dependent variables were assessed at T2 (prospective analyses). The final model of stepwise linear regression analyses is shown. Higher EPDS scores indicate more severe depressive symptomatology. Higher CWS scores indicates higher levels of pregnancy-specific worries. Higher RSE scores indicate higher levels of self-esteem
  2. β Standardized regression coefficient
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001