Skip to main content

Table 8 Evaluation of RS and true difference for CARE-8-M scale from pregnancy to birth (N = 150)

From: Midwives’ empathy and shared decision making from women’s perspective - sensitivity of an assessment to compare quality of care in prenatal and obstetric care

CARE-8-M Type of RS Pregnancy Birth     Effect-sizea
item   \(\overline{\boldsymbol{x}}\) S.D. \(\overline{\boldsymbol{x}}\) S.D. p r Mean difference Observed difference (d) ‘True’ difference (d) RS total
(d)
RS
Recali-bration (d)
RS
Reprioriti-zation (d)
CARE-M-1 non-uniform recalibration 1.22 0.59 1.47 0.83 .002 .09 0.25 0.239 0.282 −0.042 −0.042 n. a.
CARE-M-2 reprioritization, non-uniform recalibration with intercept influence 1.24 0.56 1.81 1.08 .001 .08 0.57 0.484 0.265    0.219    0.185    0.034
CARE-M-3   1.31 0.59 1.71 0.97 .001 .17* 0.40 0.372     
CARE-M-4 reprioritization, non-uniform recalibration with intercept influence 1.26 0.57 1.81 1.07 .001 .12 0.55 0.459 0.288    0.171    0.154    0.017
CARE-M-5   1.36 0.68 1.71 0.98 .001 .15 0.35 0.303     
CARE-M-6 reprioritization, uniform recalibration 1.30 0.66 1.55 0.84 .001 .23** 0.25 0.246 0.385 −0.139 −0.059 −0.079
CARE-M-7   1.28 0.66 1.49 0.87 .006 .25** 0.21 0.217     
CARE-M-8   1.35 0.75 1.63 0.92 .001 .25** 0.28 0.265     
Total   1.29 0.54 1.65 0.85 .001 .19* 0.36 0.392     
  1. aFor effect size calculation, the estimated parameters of the response shifts model CARE-8-M/SDM-Q-9-M were divided by the estimated standard deviation; d = Cohen’s d effect size; Values of 0.2, 0.5, 0.8 indicate “small”, “medium” and “large” effect-sizes; n. a. not applicable. Please note that rounding errors may occur when summing the effect sizes for the true difference and the response shift. * p < .05; ** p < .01