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Table 2 Breastfeeding within 2 h after birth in the two groups

From: Effectiveness of early essential newborn care on breastfeeding and maternal outcomes: a nonrandomized controlled study

  Intervention group (n = 91) Control group (n = 91) pa
Early breastfeeding initiation, n (%) 69 (75.8) 39 (42.9)  < 0.001
Occurrence of rooting reflex (min), median (IQR) 18 (12, 22) 19 (14, 29) 0.076
Successful first breastfeeding, n (%) 83 (91.2) 68 (74.7) 0.003
Initiation of first breastfeeding (min), mean ± SD 48.02 ± 16.30 66.97 ± 35.41  < 0.001
IBFAT of first breastfeeding*, Mean ± SD 10.05 ± 2.17 8.68 ± 2.04  < 0.001
Duration of first breastfeeding (min), mean ± SD 34.98 ± 15.02 22.30 ± 11.70  < 0.001
  1. a the two-tailed t test, Mann–Whitney U test, or chi-square test was used for comparisons between the intervention group and the control group
  2. *IBFAT Infant Breast Feeding Assessment Tool, min minute