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Table 2 Bivariable (unadjusted) and multivariable (adjusted) logistic regression analysis for unsafe abortion provider and its related factors

From: Utilization of abortion services from an unsafe provider and associated factors among women with history of induced abortion in Ghana

  Model 1 Model 2
Variables Unadjusted model cOR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted model aOR (95% CI) p-value
Knowledge on abortion legality (ref = No)
 Yes 0.359(0.257–0.501)  < 0.001 0.383(0.271–0.541)  < 0.001
Age of respondent (ref = 40–49)
 15–29 2.153(1.410–3.289)  < 0.001 2.037(1.234–3.362) 0.005
 30–39 1.434(0.913–2.254) 0.118 1.496(0.932–2.404) 0.095
Place of residence (ref = Urban)
 Rural 1.104(0.886–1.376) 0.377 1.058(0.835–1.340) 0.640
Education (ref = No education)
 Primary 1.148(0.754–1.747) 0.521 0.821(0.520–1.297) 0.398
 Secondary +  0.894(0.637–1.255) 0.518 0.613(0.411–0.914) 0.016
Marital status (ref = Not married)
 Currently married 1.521(1.155–2.003) 0.003 1.168(0.864–1.579) 0.312
 Currently cohabiting 1.651(1.264–2.157)  < 0.001 1.297(0.947–1.777) 0.104
Parity (ref = No children)
 1–2 children 0.953(0.743–1.222) 0.704 0.947(0.709–1.262) 0.708
 3 or more 0.652(0.493–0.862) 0.003 0.810(0.548–1.197) 0.290
Ethnicity (ref = Akan)
 Ga/Dangme 1.120(0.732–1.716) 0.601 1.242(0.790–1.953) 0.348
 Ewe 0.660(0.492–0.885) 0.006 0.696(0.508–0.953) 0.024
 Mole-dagbani 0.793(0.608–1.034) 0.087 0.993(0.664–1.484) 0.971
Religion (ref = Catholic)
 Protestant 1.457(0.997–2.130) 0.052 1.363(0.905–2.051) 0.138
 Moslems 1.143(0.727–1.799) 0.562 1.173(0.714–1.925) 0.529
 Pentecostal/Charismatic 1.426(1.003–2.028) 0.048 1.305(0.892–1.908) 0.170
 No religion 2.111(0.989–4.508) 0.054 2.206(0.993–4.902) 0.052
Ecological Zone (ref = Northern zone)
 Coastal zone 1.381(0.992–1.921) 0.055 1.438(0.913–2.265) 0.117
 Middle-belt zone 1.782(1.276–2.496) 0.001 1.743(1.113–2.728) 0.015
  1. Source: Computed from Ghana maternal health surveys (GMHS) 2017
  2. Note: cOR is crude odds ratio; aOR is adjusted odds ratio; CI Confidence interval; Ref is reference category