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Table 1 Maternal characteristics

From: Adapting prenatal iron supplementation to maternal needs results in optimal child neurodevelopment: a follow-up of the ECLIPSES Study

  Stratum 1 (Hb 110–130 g/L) Stratum 2 (Hb > 130 g/L)
  Intervention (80 mg/d)
(n = 161)
Control
(40 mg/d)
(n = 167)
Intervention (20 mg/d)
(n = 82)
Control
(40 mg/d)
(n = 93)
Baseline
 Age, years 31 ± 7 31 ± 7 31 ± 7 32 ± 7
 Parity, yes 55.9 [90] 58.7 [98] 47.6 [39] 54.8 [51]
 Pregnancy planning, yes 78.9 [127] 81.4 [136] 86.6 [71] 80.6 [75]
Body mass index
 Underweight 1.2 [2] 1.2 [2] 2.4 [2] 2.2 [2]
 Normal weight 57.8 [93] 64.1 [107] 62.2 [51] 50.5 [47]
 Overweight 28.6 [46] 21.6 [36] 19.5 [16] 33.3 [31]
 Obesity 12.4 [20] 13.2 [22] 15.9 [13] 14.0 [13]
 Smoking, yes 15.6 [25] 12.1 [21] 15.9 [13] 15.1 [14]
Familiar socioeconomical statusa
 High 16.8 [27] 22.2 [37] 15.9 [13] 20.4 [19]
 Middle 65.8 [106] 67.7 [113] 68.3 [56] 71.0 [66]
 Low 17.4 [28] 10.2 [17] 15.9 [13] 8.6 [8]
Ethnicity
 White 79.5 [128] 79.6 [133] 86.6 [71] 69.9 [65]
 Asian 0.6 [1] 0 [0] 0 [0] 2.2 [2]
 Black 2.5 [4] 3.0 [5] 1.2 [1] 0.0 [0]
 Arab 6.8 [11] 4.2 [7] 2.4 [2] 8.6 [8]
 Latin American 8.7 [14] 10.8 [18] 8.5 [7] 12.9 [12]
Whole pregnancy
Adherence to the Mediterranean dieta
 Low-Middle 64.0 [103] 59.9 [100] 69.5 [57] 67.7 [63]
 High 36.0 [58] 40.1 [67] 30.5 [25] 32.3 [30]
Physical activitya
 Low 14.9 [24] 18.0 [30] 18.3 [15] 26.9 [25]
 Moderate 55.3 [89] 52.1 [87] 45.1 [37] 36.6 [34]
 High 18.0 [29] 12.6 [21] 17.1 [14] 24.7 [23]
Anxiety assessmentb
 Trait 18.04 (9.30) 15.19 (8.06) 16.82 (9.85) 14.43 (8.03)
 State 18.07 (7.77) 15.41 (6.79) 16.99 (8.03) 15.84 (7.21)
After delivery
 Post-partum depressionc 7.58 (5.22) 6.67 (4.78) 6.50 (5.46) 6.44 (4.36)
  1. Data are expressed in mean (SD) for continuous normally distributed variables, median ± interquartile range for continuous non-normally distributed variables, and % [n] for categorical variables
  2. aFor an explanation of how categories were defined see the Methods section
  3. bMeasured by STAI questionnaire (score range: 0 to 60 points). Trait means a relatively stable, anxious propensity that characterises individuals with a tendency to perceive situations as threatening. State means a transient emotional state, characterised by subjective, consciously perceived feelings of attention and apprehension and by hyperactivity of the autonomic nervous system
  4. cMeasured by Edinburg questionnaire (score range: 0 to 30 points)