Skip to main content

Table 3 Antenatal and postpartum depressive symptoms, and general anxiety and pregnancy related anxiety symptoms in women with and without severe gestational anemia. The values given are unadjusted median (minimum – maximum) or n (%) in each group, the estimated difference of the mean scores (B) or the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the risk of postpartum depression between the anemic and non-anemic women from a linear or logistic regression models

From: Gestational anemia and maternal antenatal and postpartum psychological distress in a prospective FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study

  Hb < 100 g/l
during pregnancy
N = 39
Hb ≥ 100 g/l
during pregnancy
N = 1182
B/ORa CI 95% p-value
Antenatal depressive symptoms
 EPDS
 Early pregnancy
5.0 (2–18) 5.0 (0–27) 0.99 -0.62–2.60 0.226
 EPDS
 Mid-pregnancy
6.5 (1–20) 4.0 (0–25) 1.63 -0.08–3.33 0.062
 EPDS
 Late pregnancy
5.8 (2–15) 4.0 (0–19) 1.70 -0.14–3.54 0.070
 EPDS ≥ 10
 Late pregnancy
5/18 (27.8%) 112 (13.2%) OR 1.78 0.55–5.81 0.336
Postpartum depressive symptoms
 EPDS
 3 months postpartum
5.0 (0–10) 3.0 (0–21) 1.22 -0.57–3.00 0.182
 EPDS
 6 months postpartum
4.0 (0–14) 3.0 (0–23) 0.38 -1.67–2.43 0.715
 EPDS ≥ 10
 3 months postpartum
3/19 (15.8%) 69 (9.5%) OR 1.90 0.52–6.94 0.328
 EPDS ≥ 10
 6 months postpartum
2/17 (11.8%) 69 (11.2%) OR 0.78 0.17–3.58 0.748
Antenatal general and pregnancy-related anxiety symptoms
 SCL
 Early pregnancy
3.0 (0–14) 2.0 (0–28) 0.77 -0.81–2.35 0.339
 SCL
 Mid-pregnancy
4.5 (0–15) 3.0 (0–29) 1.64 -0.15–3.43 0.073
 SCL
 Late pregnancy
5.5 (0–14) 2.0 (0–27) 2.10 0.22–3.98 0.028*
 PRAQ
 Early pregnancy
24.5 (11–40) 22.0 (11–45) 1.73 -10.65–14.10 0.783
 PRAQ
 Mid-pregnancy
27.0 (12–34) 23.0 (10–46) 1.89 -0.97–4.76 0.195
 PRAQ
 Late pregnancy
- 23.0 (10–50)    
Postnatal anxiety symptoms
 SCL
 3 months postpartum
2.0 (0–9) 1.0 (0–24) 0.97 -0.69–2.64 0.252
 SCL
 6 months postpartum
2.0 (0–13) 1.0 (0–29) 1.24 -0.72–3.19 0.214
  1. EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, SCL Symptom Checklist-90 score, PRAQ (Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire score
  2. aAdjusted for maternal age, smoking during pregnancy, parity, maternal education, and gestational age