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Table 4 Determinants of adverse obstetric outcome in Public Hospitals of North Ethiopia, 2021

From: Adverse obstetric outcome and its associated factors in public hospitals of North Ethiopia: does parity make a difference?

Variables Adverse obstetric outcome COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Age
 20 – 34 years 126 (71.6) 250 (68.70 1 1
 < 20 years 8 (4.5) 4 (1.1) 3.97 (0.97–13.4) 3.44 (0.21–11.7)
 ≥ 35 years 42 (23.9) 110 (30.2) 0.76 (0.50–1.15) 0.67 (0.35–1.25)
Religion
 Christian 129 (73.3) 295 (81.0) 1 1
 Muslim 47 (26.7) 69 (19.0) 1.56 (1.02–2.38) 2.01 (0.99–4.06)
Mother’s education
 No formal education 50 (28.4) 122 (33.5) 0.96 (0.61–1.49) 0.74 (0.29–1.87)
 Primary 36 (20.5) 54 (14.8) 1.56 (0.93–2.61) 0.45 (0.17–1.21)
 Secondary 30 (17.0) 48 (13.2) 1.46 (0.84–2.52) 0.82 (0.36–1.84)
 Higher education 60 (34.1) 140 (38.5) 1 1
Age at marriage
 < 18 years 46 (26.1) 74 (20.3) 1.39 (0.91–2.12) 0.79 (0.38–1.64)
 ≥ 18 years 130 (73.9) 290 (79.9) 1 1
Income (ETB)
 Lower tertile 84 (47.7) 138 (37.9) 1.65 (1.06–2.58) 3.15 (1.30–7.63)*
 Middle tertile 50 (28.4) 112 (30.8) 1.21 (0.75–1.97) 2.48 (1.22–5.06)*
 Higher tertile 42 (23.9) 114 (31.3) 1 1
GA at first ANC visit
 ≤ 16 weeks 101 (62.3) 177 (51.8) 1 1
 > 16 weeks 61 (37.7) 165 (48.2) 0.65 (0.44–0.95) 0.37 (0.21–1.66)
Previous obstetric complications
 Yes 106 (60.2) 132 (36.3) 2.66 (1.84–3.85) 1.48 (0.88–2.49)
 No 70 (39.8) 232 (63.7) 1  
Mode of delivery (Previous birth)
 Vaginal 128 (72.7) 352 (96.7) 1 1
 Cesarean section 48 (27.3) 12 (3.3) 11.0 (5.66–21.4) 13.6 (6.18–30.1)*
Planned pregnancy
 Yes 146 (83.0) 342 (94.0) 1 1
 No 30 (17.0) 22 (6.0) 3.19 (1.78–5.72) 1.25 (0.47–3.29)
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 24 (13.6) 28 (7.7) 1.89 (1.06–3.38) 3.15 (1.49–6.64)*
 No 152 (86.4) 336 (92.3) 1 1
GA at delivery
 Term 128 (72.7) 342 (94.0) 1 1
 Preterm 26 (14.8) 10 (2.7) 6.95 (3.26–14.8) 9.24 (2.28–27.3)*
 Post-term 22 (12.5) 12 (3.3) 4.89 (2.36–10.2) 4.82 (1.89–12.3)*
Newborn sex
 Male 105 (59.7) 185 (50.8) 1.43 (0.99–2.06) 1.16 (0.71–1.92)
 Female 71 (40.3) 179 (49.2) 1 1
Birth weight
 Normal 130 (73.9) 312 (85.7) 1 1
 Low birth weight 34 (19.3) 24 (6.6) 3.40 (1.94–5.96) 3.46 (1.33–9.03)*
 Macrosomic 12 (6.8) 28 (7.7) 1.03 (0.51–2.09) 0.53 (0.19–1.42)
APGAR score
 Low 24 (13.6) 16 (4.4) 3.43 (1.77–6.65) 1.51 (0.52–4.37)
 Normal 152 (86.4) 348 (95.6) 1 1
Parity
 Low multiparous 118 (67.0) 242 (66.5) 1 1
 Grand multiparous 58 (33.0) 122 (33.5) 0.97 (0.67–1.43) 1.42 (0.74–2.73)
  1. SVD Spontaneous vaginal delivery, GA Gestational age
  2. *Statistically significant at p-value < 0.05