Skip to main content

Table 2 Knowledge of pregnant women about antibiotics in the two study districts

From: Antibiotic knowledge, attitudes and reported practice during pregnancy and six months after birth: a follow- up study in Lao PDR

Knowledge Questions   Total
(n = 539)
Feuang
(n = 274, 50.8%)
Vangvieng
(n = 265, 49.2%)
P
Section 1. Knowledge about effectiveness of antibiotics
 Q1. Antibiotics are effective against bacterial infections Yes 129 (23.9) 52 (19.0) 77 (29.1) < 0.01
No 36 (6.7) 4 (1.5) 32 (12.1)  
I don’t know 374 (69.4) 218 (79.6) 156 (58.9)  
 Q2. Antibiotics are effective against viral infections Yes 125 (23.2) 41 (15.0) 84 (31.7) < 0.01
No 39 (7.2) 13 (4.7) 26 (9.8)  
I don’t know 375 (69.6) 220 (80.3) 155 (58.5)  
 Q3. Common cold is normally caused by bacteria Yes 96 (17.8) 34 (12.4) 62 (23.4) < 0.01
No 76 (14.1) 17 (6.2) 59 (22.3)  
I don’t know 367 (68.1) 223 (81.4) 144 (54.3)  
 Q4. Common cold is normally caused by viruses Yes 127 (23.6) 39 (14.2) 88 (33.2) < 0.01
No 45 (8.4) 13 (4.7) 32 (12.1)  
I don’t know 367 (68.1) 222 (81.0) 145 (54.7)  
 Q5. Antibiotics are used to stop fever Yes 163 (30.2) 86 (31.4) 77 (29.1) < 0.01
No 153 (28.4) 58 (21.3) 95 (35.9)  
I don’t know 223 (41.4) 130 (47.5) 93 (35.1)  
 Q6. Antibiotic use may cause side effects Yes 131 (24.3) 43 (15.7) 88 (33.2) < 0.01
No 71 (13.2) 50 (18.3) 21 (7.9)  
I don’t know 337 (62.5) 181 (66.1) 156 (58.9)  
 Q7. I decide myself when to stop antibiotics Yes 256 (47.5) 146 (53.3) 110 (41.5) 0.02
No 169 (31.4) 77 (28.1) 92 (34.7)  
I don’t know 114 (21.2) 51 (18.6) 63 (23.8)  
Section 2. Knowledge about antibiotic resistance
 Q1. Have you heard the term ABR Yes 89 (16.5) 37 (13.5) 52 (19.6) 0.11
No 348 (64.6) 187 (68.3) 161 (60.8)  
I don’t know 102 (18.9) 50 (18.3) 52 (19.6)  
 Q2. Antibiotic use can cause ABR Yes 117 (21.7) 50 (18.3) 67 (25.3) < 0.01
No 72 (13.4) 29 (10.6) 43 (16.2)  
I don’t know 350 (64.9) 195 (71.2) 155 (58.5)  
 Q3. The more antibiotics we use in society, the higher risk that the resistance develops and spread Yes 142 (26.4) 51 (18.6) 91 (34.3) < 0.01
No 38 (7.1) 17 (6.2) 21 (7.9)  
I don’t know 359 (66.6) 206 (75.2) 153 (57.7)  
 Q4. Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics Yes 85 (15.8) 32 (11.7) 53 (20.0) < 0.01
No 39 (7.24) 10 (3.7) 29 (10.9)  
I don’t know 415 (77.0) 232 (84.7) 183 (69.1)  
 Q5. People can become resistant to antibiotics Yes 132 (24.5) 51 (18.8) 81 (30.6) < 0.01
No 70 (13.0) 39 (14.2) 31(11.7)  
I don’t know 337 (62.5) 184 (67.2) 153 (57.7)  
Q6. Unnecessary use of antibiotics can make them ineffective in long term Yes 170 (31.5) 61 (22.3) 109 (41.1) < 0.01
No 45 (8.4) 21 (7.7) 24 (9.1)  
I don’t know 324 (60.1) 192 (70.1) 132 (49.8)  
 Q7. ABR can spread from animals to humans Yes 85 (15.8) 37 (13.5) 48 (18.1) 0.01
No 80 (14.8) 31 (11.3) 49 (18.5)  
I don’t know 374 (69.4) 206 (75.2) 168 (63.4)  
 Q8. Today ABR is a big problem in Lao PDR Yes 121 (22.5) 47 (17.2) 74 (27.9) < 0.01
No 48 (8.9) 13 (4.7) 35 (13.2)  
don’t know 370 (68.7) 214 (78.1) 156 (58.9)  
 Q9. Today, ABR is a big problem in the world Yes 91 (16.9) 37 (13.5) 54 (20.4) < 0.01
No 45 (8.4) 8 (2.9) 37 (14.0)  
don’t know 403 (74.8) 229 (83.6) 174 (65.7)  
  1. Abbreviations: ABR antibiotic resistance