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Table 3 Overall levels of distress

From: Experiences, concerns, and needs of pregnant and postpartum women during the Covid-19 pandemic in Cyprus: a cross-sectional study

Levels of distress
(1 = no distress, 7 = highly distressing
All participants Pregnant women Postpartum women  
M(SD) M(SD) M(SD) p value*
Own COVID-19 related symptoms or potential illness 4.02 (2.17) 4.05 (2.16) 4.00 (2.18) 0.756
COVID-19 related symptoms or potential illness in friends and family 4.96 (1.89) 4.92 (1.89) 4.99 (1.89) 0.595
Employment and financial impact 5.39 (1.73) 5.4 (1.74) 5.38 (1.73) 0.829
Disruptions to social support 4.23 (2.02) 4.23 (1.97) 4.24 (2.07) 0.923
  1. *based on the Mann Whitney test of independent groups, due to the dependent variables not following the Normal Distribution (p < 0.001 in Kolmogorov–Smirnov test of Normality)