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Table 2 Demographic details of sample, comparing UK and Finland

From: Parenting stress in the early years – a survey of the impact of breastfeeding and social support for women in Finland and the UK

  Finland
(n = 1017)
N%
UK
(n = 533)
N%
χ(df) p ES1
Single parent 42 (4.1%) 9 (2%) 6.3(1) .010 V = .06
Education
Secondary 123 (12.1%) 51(9.6%) 132.9(3) < .001 V = .29
Further Ed 239 (23.6%) 64 (12.1%)    
University 391 (38.6%) 364 (68.5%)    
Postgraduate 260 (25.7%) 52 (9.8%)    
Own home 687 (67.7%) 428 (80%) 26.3(1) < .001 V = .13
Urban 692 (68.2%) 349(65.2%) 1.44(1) .230 V = .03
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t (df) =    d
Age group (18–24 to 50 +) 2.1 (.57) 2.4 (.54) -10.48(1130.04) 2 < .001 -.56
Financial security 4.2 (1.0) 4.4 (1.0) -3.57(1548) < .001 -.19
  1. Effect size: χ2 analysis expressed as Cramers V; t-tests as Cohen’s d
  2. Welch’s correction for heterogeneity of variance applied