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Table 1 Caesarean section (CS) rates and their 95% confidence intervals, Sudan MICS 2014

From: Caesarean section in Sudan: findings from nationwide household surveys on rates, trends, and geographic and sociodemographic variability

  All singleton births Primiparous
n (%) CS % (95% CI) n (%) CS % (95% CI)
Total 5509* (100.0) 8.9 (7.7, 10.0) 910** (100.0) 12.9 (9.4, 15.2)
Area of residence
 Rural 4049 (73.5) 6.7 [5.6,8.2] 691 (75.9) 10.6 [7.7,14.4]
 Urban 1460 (26.5) 14.4 [11.9,17.3] 219 (24.1) 16.4 [11.2,23.4]
Region
 Khartoum 667 (12.1) 20.4 [15.2,26.9] 101 (11.1) 25.3 [12.6,44.3]
 Northern 242 (4.4) 25.1 [20.7,30.2] 59 (6.5) 37.8 [30.4,45.8]
 Eastern 585 (10.6) 6.0 [4.3,8.4] 98 (10.7) 5.4 [2.5,11.2]
 Central 1597 (29) 10.7 [8.4,13.4] 321 (35.3) 12.7 [8.4,18.7]
 Kordofan 865 (15.7) 4.7 [3.2,6.9] 118 (13) 7.1 [2.4,19.1]
 Darfur 1553 (28.2) 2.6 [1.7,3.9] 213 (23.4) 3.2 [1.5,6.8]
Wealth index categories
 Richer 1899 (34.5) 17.7 [15.3,20.4] 343 (42.1) 21.2 [16.0,27.7]
 Middle 1166 (21.2) 6.6 [4.7,9.2] 216 (23.8) 10.2 [6.3,16.3]
 Poorer 2443 (44.4) 2.9 [2.2,3.9] 350 (38.5) 4.0 [1.9,8.2]
Maternal age in years
 15–24 1502 (27.3) 7.3 [5.6,9.5] 643 (70.6) 8.7 [6.0,12.5]
 25–34 2730 (49.5) 8.4 [7.1,10.0] 241 (26.4) 19 [14.0,25.2]
 35+ 1277 (23.2) 11.2 [8.9,14.0] 27 (2.9) 28 [13.0,50.1]
Mother’s education
 None 2207 (40.1) 2.7 [2.0,3.7] 227 (25) 4 [2.1,7.6]
 Primary 1980 (35.9) 7.0 [5.9,8.4] 318 (35) 9.4 [6.2,14.0]
 Secondary+ 1322 (24) 21.5 [18.5,24.8] 364 (40) 19.3 [14.7,24.8]
Number of times received antenatal care
 0 1068 (19.7) 1.6 [0.8,3.0] 92 (10.3) 1.2 [0.2,7.9]
 1–3 1566 (28.9) 4.5 [3.5,5.8] 256 (28.5) 5.6 [3.1,9.9]
 4+ 2782 (51.4) 14.1 [12.3,16.2] 550 (61.2) 16.9 [13.0,21.7]
Child’s sex
 Male 2822 (51.2) 9.2 [7.8,10.8] 471 (51.8) 12.2 [8.9,16.6]
 Female 2686 (48.8) 8.3 [6.9,10.0] 438 (48.2) 11.8 [8.6,15.9]
Child birth-order
 1 910 (16.5) 12.0 [9.4,15.2]   
 2–3 1642 (29.8) 11.6 [9.6,14.1]   
 4–6 1951 (35.4) 6.4 [5.2,8.0]   
 7+ 1006 (18.3) 5.8 [3.9,8.3]   
Size of child at birth
 Larger than average 722 (13.3) 9.3 [6.8,12.5] 107 (11.7) 18.4 [10.6,30.0]
 Average 2835 (52.4) 9.8 [8.3,11.7] 489 (53.7) 10.5 [7.6,14.2]
 Smaller than average 1856 (34.3) 7.1 [5.7,8.7] 304 (33.4) 12.6 [8.2,18.9]
  1. Unweighted sample size: n = 5589*, n = 919**