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Table 4 Factors associated with health behaviors among pregnant women

From: Women’s holistic self-care behaviors during pregnancy and associations with psychological well-being: implications for maternal care facilities

Variables Healthy behaviors Risk behaviors avoidance Health seeking behaviors
Coef. (95% CI) Coef. (95% CI) Coef. (95% CI)
Demographic
Education (ref: Secondary or below)
  High school -0.12 (-0.27; 0.04) -0.28** (-0.52; -0.03)  
  College -0.05 (-0.25; 0.14) -0.28** (-0.55; -0.00)  
  Post graduated 0.10 (-0.11; 0.30) -0.28* (-0.56; 0.01)  
Having private health insurance (Yes vs No) -0.10 (-0.23; 0.04) 0.15* (-0.01; 0.32)  
Living with parents in law (Yes vs No) 0.07 (-0.02; 0.16)   
Living with partner (Yes vs No)   -0.18*** (-0.30; -0.05) -0.24*** (-0.37; -0.11)
Husband’s age (Unit: year)    0.01** (0.00; 0.03)
Husband’s education (ref: Secondary or below)
  High school -0.01 (-0.21; 0.19) -0.11 (-0.37; 0.14) -0.01 (-0.26; 0.24)
  College 0.12 (-0.08; 0.31) 0.32** (0.06; 0.57) 0.08 (-0.15; 0.32)
  Post graduated 0.15 (-0.06; 0.36) 0.18 (-0.09; 0.44) 0.23* (-0.01; 0.46)
Region (ref: North)
  South -0.22* (-0.46; 0.01) 0.38** (0.08; 0.69) -0.56*** (-0.73; 0.38)
History of maternity care
Maternity problem (Yes vs No)   -0.08 (-0.21; 0.05) 0.14** (0.02; 0.26)
Source of information about pregnancy care (Yes vs No)
  Health professional   0.10 (-0.04; 0.24) 0.21*** (0.06; 0.36)
  Internet/Social network   -0.15** (-0.30; -0.00)  
  Relatives   -0.23*** (-0.36; -0.10) -0.09 (-0.22; 0.04)
  Radio, television -0.06 (-0.18; 0.07) -0.29*** (-0.46; -0.13)  
  Smartphone application   -0.08 (-0.21; 0.05)  
  Poster/Banner   -0.36* (-0.75; 0.03)  
Prenatal preparation
  The expectation of having a child (Unit: score) 0.05** (0.00; 0.10) 0.08*** (0.03; 0.14)  
  The fear of childbirth (Unit: score) -0.03*** (-0.04; -0.01)   
Social support
  Informational support (range: 7–28) (Unit: score) 0.02 (-0.00; 0.04) -0.02 (-0.04; 0.00)  
  Instrumental support (range: 7–28) (Unit: score)    0.02** (0.00; 0.04)
  Appraisal support (range: 4–16) (Unit: score) 0.05** (0.00; 0.09) 0.06** (0.01; 0.11)  
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. ° A higher score means less risky behavior was performed