Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of pregnancy experience

From: Women’s holistic self-care behaviors during pregnancy and associations with psychological well-being: implications for maternal care facilities

Characteristics Living location p-value
Urban Rural Total
N % N % N %  
Ever having complications of pregnancy 88 28.1 29 11.6 117 20.8  < 0.01
Source of information about maternity care
  Health professional 154 49.2 208 83.5 362 64.4  < 0.001
  Internet/Social network 239 76.4 119 47.8 358 63.7  < 0.001
  Friends/Relatives 188 60.1 124 49.8 312 55.5 0.015
  Radio, television 57 18.2 93 37.3 150 26.7  < 0.001
  Smartphone application 92 29.4 53 21.3 145 25.8 0.01
  Newspapers, book 74 23.6 39 15.7 113 20.1 0.019
  Phone message 25 8.0 19 7.6 44 7.8 0.876
  Poster/Banner 12 3.8 18 7.2 30 5.3 0.075
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Expectation of having a baby (0–10) 8.9 1.8 6.5 1.8 7.8 2.1  < 0.001
The fear of childbirth (0–10) 5.7 2.9 5.3 1.5 5.5 2.4 0.004
PICSS* Informational support (7–28) 21.8 3.2 21.5 2.0 21.6 2.7 0.081
PICSS* Instrumental support (7–28) 21.6 3.1 21.4 2.0 21.5 2.7 0.951
PICSS* Emotional support (4–16) 12.4 1.7 12.2 1.2 12.3 1.5 0.402
PICSS* Appraisal support (4–16) 12.3 1.6 12.2 1.1 12.2 1.4 0.573
  1. * PICSS Perinatal Infant Care Social Support