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Table 4 Descriptive statistics of obtained by the Mother’s Autonomy in Decision Making (MADM) scale for both scoring the relation with the midwife and the obstetrician

From: Women’s view on shared decision making and autonomy in childbirth: cohort study of Belgian women

Variable Mean ± SD
MADM Score for midwife MADM Score for obstetrician
Patient characteristics
 Age at giving birth
   ≥ 18 to 29 years 29.0 ± 10.3 17.9 ± 6.8
   ≥ 30 to 34 years 29.7 ± 10.6 18.8 ± 7.7
   ≥ 35 years 30.1 ± 9.9 20.2 ± 6.9
 Education
  No education, primary education or secondary education 31.4 ± 9.9 17.4 ± 6.0
  Bachelor degree 29.9 ± 10.2 17.7 ± 7.0
  Master degree 27.8 ± 10.6 19.9 ± 7.7
 Parity
  1 28.8 ± 10.6 18.1 ± 7.4
  2 29.6 ± 10.1 19.0 ± 7.1
   ≥ 3 31.2 ± 9.7 19.0 ± 6.6
Obstetrical characteristics
 Length of gestation
   ≤ 37 weeks 28.4 ± 11.1 18.5 ± 6.3
   ≥ 38–40 weeks 28.7 ± 10.1 18.5 ± 7.3
   > 40 weeks 30.8 ± 10.3 18.4 ± 7.4
 Mode of birth
  Naturally 29.7 ± 10.8 18.2 ± 7.1
  Vacuum 28.4 ± 9.0 21.3 ± 6.0
  Primary c-section 29.5 ± 9.8 17.9 ± 7.3
  Secondary c-section 27.2 ± 11.1 20.6 ± 7.4
 Epidural analgesia
  Yes 28.9 ± 10.0 19.2 ± 7.2
  No 30.1 ± 10.8 17.3 ± 7.1
Complications
 Complications during labour (woman and/or baby)
  Yes 26.6 ± 10.9 17.6 ± 7.4
  No 30.5 ± 9.9 18.8 ± 7.1
 Complications during birth (woman and/or baby)
  Yes 27.9 ± 10.4 17.6 ± 7.4
  No 30.0 ± 10.3 18.8 ± 7.1
 Complications after birth (woman and/or baby)
  Yes 26.9 ± 10.1 17.5 ± 7.2
  No 30.0 ± 10.4 18.7 ± 7.2
Preparation to child birth
 ‘I felt sufficiently prepared for the birth’
  Agree 30.4 ± 10.1 18.8 ± 6.9
  Neutral 27.7 ± 9.9 17.5 ± 7.5
  Don’t Agree 22.4 ± 10.5 16.4 ± 8.7
 ‘The given information fulfilled my needs’
  Agree 30.5 ± 10.0 18.9 ± 6.9
  Neutral 27.3 ± 10.0 17.0 ± 7.2
  Don’t Agree 21.6 ± 10.8 16.1 ± 8.8
 ‘The quality of the provided information was good’
  Agree 30.8 ± 9.7 18.9 ± 6.8
  Neutral 24.0 ± 10.4 16.0 ± 7.6
  Don’t Agree 20.5 ± 11.2 17.2 ± 10.3
 ‘I have received sufficient information about the normal course of childbirth’
  Agree 30.9 ± 9.8 19.2 ± 7.0
  Neutral 25.2 ± 10.0 16.5 ± 6.5
  Don’t Agree 21.0 ± 10.2 14.9 ± 8.1
  1. SD standard deviation