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Table 3 Survey multinomial multivariable analysis of factors associated with place of delivery in Ethiopia, 2019

From: Determinants of place birth: a multinomial logistic regression and spatial analysis of the Ethiopian mini demographic and health survey data, 2019

Variables Place of birth (the base outcome is Health facility)
Home aRRR (95% CI) Home Marginal effect (95% CI) Health post aRRR (95% CI) Health post Marginal effect (95% CI)
Maternal age
 15—19 years 1 1 1 1
 20—34 years 1.22 (0.66, 2.26) 0.04 (-0.06, 0.13) 0.69 (0.19, 2.57) -0.02 (-0.07, 0.04)
  ≥ 35 years 0.88 (0.46, 1.69) -0.01 (-0.11, 0.09) 0.54 (0.10, 2.82) -0.02 (-0.08, 0.04)
Media access at the household level
 No 0.95 (0.69, 1.32) -0.01 (-0.06, 0.04) 1.13 (0.54, 2.37) 0.004 (-0.01, 0.04)
 Yes 1 1 1 1
Family size
 1–5 1 1 1 1
 6—10 1.46 (1.10, 1.93) * 0.05 (0.01, 0.10) * 1.44 (0.85, 2.43) 0.005 (-0.009, 0.02)
  > 10 1.61 (0.77, 3.36) 0.09 (-0.03, 0.19) 0.02 (0.003, 0.20) * -0.03 (-0.04, -0.009) *
Maternal educational level
 No education 3.39 (0.84, 13.67) 0.19 (-0.04, 0.42) 3.48 (0.44, 27.39) 0.02 (-0.02, 0.05)
 Primary education 1.92 (0.51, 7.28) 0.09 (-0.12, 0.31) 2.44 (0.31, 19.40) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.05)
 Secondary education 1.16 (0.28, 4.89) 0.01 (-0.22, 0.24) 3.79 (0.38, 37.65) 0.04 (-0.03, 0.09)
 Higher education 1 1 1 1
Family wealth index
 Poorest 10.08 (5.66, 17.98) ** 0.38 (0.27, 0.49) ** 7.72 (1.14, 52.22) * 0.03 (-0.02, 0.08)
 Poorer 4.60 (2.70, 7.85) ** 0.26 (0.16, 0.35) ** 3.33 (0.60, 18.41) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.05)
 Middle 4.29 (2.68, 6.89) ** 0.25 (0.16, 0.34) ** 2.99 (0.59, 15.16) 0.01 (-0.02, 0.04)
 Richer 2.13 (1.33, 3.43) * 0.12 (0.04, 0.20) * 2.72 (0.59, 12.51) 0.02 (-0.01, 0.04)
 Richest 1 1 1 1
Parity
 I 1 1 1 1
 II—IV 1.95 (1.20, 3.15) * 0.10 (0.03, 0.18) * 1.21 (0.58, 2.51) -0.002 (-0.03, 0.02)
  ≥ V 1.93 (1.08, 3.43) * 0.09 (0.008, 0.19) * 1.71 (0.66, 4.45) 0.008 (-0.02, 0.04)
ANC during the index pregnancy
 Data not available 1.93 (1.48, 2.52) 0.11 (0.07, 0.16) 1.08 (0.58, 2.00) -0.007 (-0.02, 0.01)
 No ANC 6.31 (4.27, 9.32) ** 0.30 (0.24, 0.37) ** 1.22 (0.39, 3.72) -0.02 (-0.04, -0.001) *
 1—3 ANC visits 1.59 (1.22, 2.07) ** 0.08 (0.03, 0.12) * 1.24 (0.71, 2.17) -0.0002 (-0.02, 0.02)
  ≥ 4 ANC visits 1 1 1 1
Residence
 Urban 1 1 1 1
 Rural 0.78 (0.39, 1.59) -0.05 (-0.15, 0.06) 2.91 (0.77, 11.02) 0.02 (-0.002, 0.05)
The poverty level of the community
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 0.79 (0.49, 1.26) -0.04 (-0.11, 0.03) 1.47 (0.54, 4.04) 0.01 (-0.01, 0.04)
Community media inaccessibility
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.02 (0.69, 1.52) 0.01 (-0.05, 0.07) 0.64 (0.27, 1.53) -0.01 (-0.04, 0.01)
Illiteracy level of the community
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 0.82 (0.56, 1.21) -0.02 (-0.08, 0.03) 0.64 (0.28, 1.46) -0.01 (-0.03, 0.01)
 ≥ 4 ANC use at the community level (cluster level coverage)
  < 25% 7.49 (3.54, 15.85) ** 0.37 (0.23, 0.51) ** 0.46 (0.09, 2.39) -0.05 (-0.12, 0.02)
 25 – 50% 4.88 (2.40, 9.89) ** 0.30 (0.16, 0.43) ** 0.59 (0.17, 2.03) -0.04 (-0.11, 0.02)
 51 – 74% 2.25 (1.20, 4.20) * 0.14 (0.03, 0.26) * 1.17 (0.32, 4.33) -0.01 (-0.08, 0.06)
  ≥ 75% 1 1 1 1
  1. **p-value < 0.001, *p-value < 0.05
  2. Bold font: Statistically significant variables and categories