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Table 1 Sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics of mothers’ cross-tabulated with the place of birth of last birth in Ethiopian, 2019

From: Determinants of place birth: a multinomial logistic regression and spatial analysis of the Ethiopian mini demographic and health survey data, 2019

Variables Place of birth
Health facility Frequency (%) Health post Frequency (%) Home Frequency (%)
Maternal age
  15—19 years 133.8 (51.11) 10.39 (3.97) 117.6 (44.93)
  20—34 years 1809 (46.41) 109 (2.8) 1980 (50.79)
  ≥ 35 years 488.3 (38.63) 42.54 (3.37) 733.2 (58)
Media access at the household level
  No 1241 (34.57) 120 (3.34) 2229 (62.08)
  Yes 1190 (64.9) 41.87 (2.28) 601.6 (32.81)
Family size
  1–5 1446 (57.91) 69.42 (2.78) 981.3 (39.31)
  6—10 943 (34.35) 92.45 (3.37) 1710 (62.29)
  > 10 42.52 (23.44) .0483 (0.03) 138.8 (76.53)
Maternal educational level
  No education 872.5 (29.96) 91.58 (3.14) 1948 (66.9)
  Primary education 1062 (55.27) 55.08 (2.87) 804.2 (41.86)
  Secondary education 321.8 (80.39) 14.1 (3.52) 804.2 (16.09)
  Higher education 174.9 (92.32) 1.157 (0.61) 13.41 (7.07)
Family wealth index
  Poorest 216.9 (16.62) 42.31 (3.24) 1046 (80.13)
  Poorer 418 (35.49) 38.13 (3.24) 721.5 (61.24)
  Middle 408.1 (40.13) 35.66 (3.51) 573.2 (56.37)
  Richer 542.8 (58.26) 36.21 (3.89) 352.7 (37.85)
  Richest 845.3 (85.19) 9.609 (0.97) 137.3 (13.84)
Parity
  I 558.3 (70.74) 25.51 (3.23) 205.4 (26.03)
  II—IV 1237 (48.86) 64.73 (2.56) 205.4 (48.58)
  ≥ V 636.1 (30.25) 71.67 (3.41) 71.67 (66.35)
ANC during the index pregnancy
  No ANC 125.3 (12.59) 10.66 (1.07) 859.5 (86.34)
  1—3 ANC visits 579.9 (48.43) 46.65 (3.9) 570.9 (47.68)
  ≥ 4 ANC visits 1158 (70.5) 420.7 (3.9) 420.7 (25.61)
Residence
  Urban 935.7 (69.34) 15.19 (1.13) 398.6 (29.54)
  Rural 1495 (36.71) 146.7 (3.6) 2432 (59.69)
Region
  Tigray 2432 (70.88) 7.661 (2.1) 98.45 (27.02)
  Afar 98.45 (25.74) 2.065 (2.41) 61.52 (71.85)
  Amhara 535.7 (52.64) 22.3 (2.19) 459.8 (45.17)
  Oromia 802.3 (36.98) 91.65 (4.22) 1276 (58.8)
  Somali 94.64 (23.34) 0.4412 (0.11) 310.3 (76.55)
  Ben Shangul 27.88 (44.65) 13.6 (21.78) 20.96 (33.57)
  SNNPRa 498 (45.46) 22.48 (2.05) 574.9 (52.49)
  Gambela 16.4 (67.95) 0.5951 (2.47) 7.143 (29.59)
  Harari 10.05 (63.23) 0.1808 (01.14) 5.663 (35.63)
  Dire Dawa 19.23 (66.14) 0 .9357 (3.22) 8.905 (30.64)
  Addis Ababa 146.5 (95.53) 0 (0) 6.85 (4.47)
  1. aSouthern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region