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Table 3 Health beliefs stratified by preconceptional lifestyle behaviours among planned pregnancies

From: Planning is not equivalent to preparing, how Dutch women perceive their pregnancy planning in relation to preconceptional lifestyle behaviour change - a cross-sectional study

  Folic acid supplement use Alcohol use Smoking
Started PCC ≥ 4 weeks Started prenatal Never started P-value No PCC use Quit PCC Quit later/ did not quit P-value No PCC smoking Quit PCC Quit later/ did not quit P-value
N = 640 N = 248 N = 30   N = 286 N = 170 N = 461   N = 829 N = 18 N = 73  
Knowledge
  Visited PCC-consult 217 (33.9) 42 (16.9) 5 (16.7)  <  0.001 89 (31.1) 56 (32.9) 119 (25.8) 0.122 238 (28.7) 7 (38.9) 20 (27.4) 0.621
  Retrieved PCC-information 483 (75.5) 122 (49.2) 14 (46.7)  <  0.001 194 (67.8) 135 (79.4) 290 (62.9)  <  0.001 566 (68.3) 14 (82.4) 41 (56.9) 0.043
  Knew where to find PCC-information 531 (83.0) 207 (83.5) 27 (90.0) 0.610 235 (82.2) 138 (81.2) 391 (85.0) 0.412 693 (83.6) 14 (77.8) 30 (82.2) 0.764
Health Beliefsa
  Pregnancy is not something you can plan 259 (40.5) 102 (41.1) 18 (60.0) 0.105 127 (44.4) 60 (35.3) 191 (41.4) 0.161 337 (40.7) 7 (38.9) 37 (50.7) 0.243
  Important to keep wish to conceive private 234 (36.6) 94 (37.9) 11 (36.7) 0.933 117 (40.9) 64 (37.6) 158 (34.3) 0.185 316 (38.1) 4 (22.2) 21 (28.8) 0.119
  Comfortable discussing wish to conceive 348 (54.4) 129 (52.0) 12 (40.0) 0.274 140 (49.0) 94 (55.3) 257 (55.7) 0.171 433 (52.2) 13 (72.2) 45 (61.6) 0.082
  "We'll see what happens" 359 (56.1) 184 (74.2) 21 (70.0)  <  0.001 172 (60.1) 85 (50.0) 306 (66.4) 0.001 504 (60.8) 8 (44.4) 54 (74.0) 0.028
  Romantic trying to conceive 387 (60.5) 144 (58.1) 23 (76.7) 0.143 164 (57.3) 114 (67.1) 275 (59.7) 0.112 511 (61.6) 10 (55.6) 35 (47.9) 0.066
  PCC important for every woman 539 (84.2) 172 (69.4) 26 (86.7)  <  0.001 231 (80.8) 146 (85.9) 359 (77.9) 0.078 673 (81.2) 14 (77.8) 51 (69.9) 0.069*
  PCC especially important for first pregnancies 242 (37.8) 118 (47.6) 12 (40.0) 0.029 116 (40.6) 71 (41.8) 183 (39.7) 0.892 333 (40.2) 7 (38.9) 33 (45.2) 0.695
  Influence of a healthy PCC lifestyle 232 (36.3) 63 (25.4) 14 (46.7) 0.003 111 (38.8) 64 (37.6) 135 (29.3) 0.014 284 (34.4) 8 (44.4) 18 (24.7) 0.156
  Influence of partners PCC healthy lifestyle 318 (49.7) 91 (36.7) 16 (53.3) 0.002 145 (50.7) 90 (52.9) 188 (40.8) 0.004 397 (47.9) 6 (33.3) 22 (30.1) 0.008
  Influence of a healthy lifestyle in pregnancy 582 (90.9) 221 (89.1) 24 (80.0) 0.122 246 (86.0) 153 (90.0) 427 (92.6) 0.013 752 (90.7) 15 (83.3) 62 (84.9) 0.177
  Looking up PCC-information is stressful 62 (9.7) 25 (10.1) 4 (13.3) 0.725* 37 (12.9) 19 (11.2) 35 (7.6) 0.051 80 (9.7) 3 (16.7) 8 (11.0) 0.487*
  Too many rules for a healthy pregnancy 190 (29.7) 92 (37.1) 12 (40.0) 0.067 79 (27.6) 56 (32.9) 158 (34.3) 0.158 256 (30.9) 6 (33.3) 33 (45.2) 0.042
  Healthy enough for a PCC 273 (42.7) 143 (57.7) 23 (76.7)  <  0.001 127 (44.4) 75 (44.1) 236 (51.2) 0.122 397 (47.9) 8 (44.4) 35 (47.9) 0.998
  1. Numbers (%), PCC Preconception Care
  2. aAgree or strongly agree with this health belief
  3. *P-value by the Fishers Exact test