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Table 2 Preconceptional lifestyle recommendations among planned and unplanned/ambivalent pregnancies

From: Planning is not equivalent to preparing, how Dutch women perceive their pregnancy planning in relation to preconceptional lifestyle behaviour change - a cross-sectional study

  Cohort (N = 1,077) Unplanned / Ambivalent (N = 156) Planned (N = 921) Adjusted P-valuea
Nutrition
  Fruit Intake (≥ 2 pieces) 283 (26.3) 22 (14.1) 261 (28.3) 0.002
  Vegetable Intake (≥ 250 g) 77 (7.1) 10 (6.4) 67 (7.3) 0.775
  Caffeine Intake (≤ 1 beverage) 292 (27.1) 37 (23.7) 255 (27.7) 0.115
Lifestyle behaviours
  Smoking (none) 966 (89.7) 119 (76.3) 847 (92.0)  <  0.001
  Second-hand smoking (no exposure) 924 (85.8) 114 (73.1) 810 (87.9)  <  0.001
  Alcohol use (none) 514 (47.7) 58 (37.2) 456 (49.5)  <  0.001
  Folic acid supplements (≥ 4 weeks before conception) 660 (61.3) 20 (12.8) 640 (69.5)  <  0.001
  Exercise norm (≥ 150 min per week) 471 (43.7) 59 (37.8) 412 (44.7) 0.531
PCC-behaviours
  Retrieved PCC-information 655 (60.8) 33 (21.2) 622 (67.5)  <  0.001
  PCC-consultation 275 (25.5) 9 (5.8) 266 (28.9)  <  0.001
  1. Numbers (%), between brackets the preconceptional lifestyle recommendations based on national guidelines
  2. PCC Preconception care
  3. aAdjusted for; age, ethnicity, BMI, educational level and parity