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Table 4 Univariate analysis of risk factors associated with GDM

From: Simple method for identification of women at risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in Arusha urban, Tanzania

Variables B COR CI P-value
Mother’s age ≥ 25yrs 0.005 1.005 0.959–1.052 0.846
Pre-pregnancy BMI 0.023 1.024 0.967–1.084 0.42
BMI during pregnancy 0.087 0.55 0.28–1.02 0.85
Macrosomic (≥ 4 kg) 1.095 2.989 1.631–5.478  < 0.001*
T2DM history 1.661 5.265 2.879–9.627  < 0.001*
MUAC ≥ 28 cm 0.467 1.596 1.441–1.767  < 0.001*
Body fat ≥ 38% 0.498 1.645 1.460–1.855  < 0.001*
Parity ≥ 4 births 0.093 1.098 0.456–2.644 0.835
Preterm delivery 0.132 1.141 0.324–4.015 0.837
Stillbirth 1.329 3.779 1.343–10.628 0.012*
Neonatal death -19.439 0.000 0.000–0.004 0.999
Hpertension during pregnancy 0.321 1.378 0.731–2.600 0.327
Reported pre-pregnanacy hypertension -19.355 0.001 0.000–0.005 0.999
Alcohol intake 0.095 1.100 0.184–6.566 0.917
Presence of glucose in urine 1.015 1.111 0.103–12.037 0.931
Current pregnancy outcomes
 Multiparity -19.442 0.000 0.00–0.222 0.999
 Delivery mode (Caeserean section) 0.793 2.209 1.088–5.505 0.0089*
 Macrosomic 1.058 2.882 1.238–6.707 0.014*
  1. The word “No” was used as reference in categorical variables
  2. Abbreviations: CI Conidence Interval, COR Crude OR odd ratio, B Beta which is the regression coeficiency
  3. *Significant at p < 0.05