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Table 2 Prevalence of c-section deliveries and estimates from multivariable logistic regression analysis by background characteristics in Bangladesh, 2017–18

From: Prevalence and predictors of elective and emergency caesarean delivery among reproductive-aged women in Bangladesh: evidence from demographic and health survey, 2017–18

Background characteristics C-Section AOR [95% CI]
Women’s age (in years)
 15–19 30.5 Ref
 20–24 34.5 1.16(0.82 -1.64)
 25–29 31.4 0.96(0.6 -1.53)
 30–49 33.6 1.28(0.73 -2.25)
Women’s educational level
 Not educated 16.4  
 Primary 17.9 Ref
 Secondary 34.1 0.64(0.35 -1.18)
 Higher 59.7 0.66(0.34 -1.29)
Women’s work status
 Not working 37.3 Ref
 Working 25.1 0.58***(0.51 -0.65)
Women’s mass media exposure
 No Exposure 17.0 Ref
 Exposure 41.2 1.26(0.97 -1.64)
Women’s Body Mass Index
 Underweight 25.7 0.98(0.73 -1.31)
 Normal 29.2 Ref
 Overweight or Obese 50.3 1.40**(1.08 -1.80)
Partner’s education
 No Education 18.2 Ref
 Primary 22.1 0.73(0.49 -1.1)
 Secondary 35.4 0.78(0.52 -1.18)
 Higher 60.0 0.96(0.59 -1.55)
Partner’s occupation
 Unemployed 32.0 Ref
 Professional/Technical/Managerial 62.3 1.20(0.56 -2.59)
 Sales 37.7 1.13(0.55 -2.31)
 Agricultural 20.8 1.27(0.61 -2.63)
 Services 34.9 1.51(0.73 -3.12)
 Skilled And Unskilled 29.5 1.12(0.56 -2.24)
Women’s age at first birth (in years)
  < 18 24.8 Ref
 18–20 31.8 1.04(0.8 -1.37)
 21–24 45.5 1.37(0.94 -1.98)
  > 25 67.5 2.17**(1.19 -3.95)
Birth order   
 First 40.3 Ref
 2nd order 34.4 1.20(0.87 -1.64)
 3 or more 20.8 0.87(0.55 -1.38)
ANC visits
 No visit 6.0 Ref
 1–3 visits 23.8 1.72(0.81 -3.67)
 4 or more 46.9 2.47**(1.15 -5.28)
Multiple births
 Single 32.4 Ref
 Multiple 50.1 1.41(0.62 -3.19)
Place of delivery
 Public 35.2 Ref
 Private 78.6 6.74***(5.42 -8.38)
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 13.0 Ref
 Poorer 22.3 1.28(0.87 -1.9)
 Middle 30.9 1.29(0.86 -1.93)
 Richer 38.2 1.12(0.74 -1.69)
 Richest 61.5 1.89***(1.18 -3.03)
Place of residence
 Urban 43.8 0.83(0.65 -1.06)
 Rural 28.7 Ref
Division
 Barisal 24.5 Ref
 Chittagong 26.2 0.57**(0.37 -0.87)
 Dhaka 42.7 1.13(0.72 -1.76)
 Khulna 42.7 1.22(0.78 -1.92)
 Mymensingh 26.1 1.17(0.72 -1.88)
 Rajshahi 35.6 1.00(0.63 -1.58)
 Rangpur 27.8 0.61**(0.38 -0.96)
 Sylhet 22.6 1.10(0.68 -1.78)
  1. C-section Caesarean Section; p-values based on chi-square test; AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.05; ANC Ante-natal care, Ref Reference; the logistic regression estimates are controlled for all the background characteristics