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Table 1 Participant demographics

From: “I had so many life-changing decisions I had to make without support”: a qualitative analysis of women’s pregnant and postpartum experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic

Characteristic Pregnant (N = 149) Postpartum (N = 498) Total (N = 647)
Age (years) N = 120 N = 435 N = 555
 Mean (SD) 32.6 (3.7) 32.7 (4.4) 32.7 (4.2)
 Range (22.3–43.4) (21.2–52.2) (21.2–52.2)
Education N = 147 N = 496 N = 643
 Less than 12th Grade 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.2%) 2 (0.3%)
 High School Degree/GED 7 (4.8%) 23 (4.6%) 30 (4.7%)
 Trade school/apprenticeship 0 (0.0%) 6 (1.2%) 6 (0.9%)
 Partial College 11 (7.5%) 38 (7.7%) 49 (7.6%)
 2-year College Degree 11 (7.5%) 54 (10.9%) 65 (10.1%)
 4-year College Degree 69 (46.9%) 218 (44.0%) 287 (44.6%)
 Graduate Degree 48 (32.7%) 156 (31.5%) 204 (31.7%)
Relationship status
 Single 6 (4.0%) 14 (2.8%) 20 (3.1%)
 Partnered/Married 141 (94.6%) 475 (95.4%) 616 (95.2%)
 Divorced/Separated 0 (0.0%) 8 (1.6%) 8 (1.2%)
 Other 2 (1.3%) 1 (0.2%) 3 (0.5%)
Race N = 146 N = 473 N = 619
 Black or African American 1 (0.7%) 2 (0.4%) 3 (0.5%)
 Native American/ Alaska Native 1 (0.7%) 3 (0.6%) 4 (0.6%)
 Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
 Asian 3 (2.1%) 9 (1.9%) 12 (1.9%)
 White 136 (93.2%) 448 (94.7%) 584 (94.3%)
 Other 1 (0.7%) 1 (0.2%) 2 (0.3%)
 Mixed 4 (2.7%) 9 (1.9%) 13 (2.1%)
Ethnicity N = 137 N = 455 N = 592
 Hispanic or Latino 2 (1.5%) 12 (2.6%) 14 (2.4%)
 Not Hispanic or Latino 135 (98.5%) 443 (97.4%) 578 (97.6%)
Household income in the past year N = 145 N = 485 N = 630
 Less than $40,000 7 (4.8%) 39 (8.0%) 46 (7.3%)
 $40,000 to $60,000 16 (11.0%) 54 (11.1%) 70 (11.1%)
 $60,000 to $80,000 22 (15.2%) 68 (14.0%) 90 (14.3%)
 $80,000 to $100,000 22 (15.2%) 82 (16.9%) 104 (16.5%)
 $100,000 to $120,000 26 (17.9%) 77 (15.9%) 103 (16.3%)
 $120,000 to $160,000 29 (20.0%) 85 (17.5%) 114 (18.1%)
 $160,000 to $200,000 8 (5.5%) 30 (6.2%) 38 (6.0%)
 $200,000 to $250,000 8 (5.5%) 17 (3.5%) 25 (4.0%)
 Greater than $250,000 7 (4.8%) 33 (6.8%) 40 (6.3%)
Do you currently cohabitate with a partner?
 Missing 1 2 3
 No 3 (2.0%) 15 (3.0%) 18 (2.8%)
 Yes 145 (98.0%) 481 (97.0%) 626 (97.2%)
How long have you lived with this partner?
 Missing 4 17 21
 Less than 1 year 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
 1–3 years 12 (8.3%) 48 (10.0%) 60 (9.6%)
 3–6 years 51 (35.2%) 126 (26.2%) 177 (28.3%)
 6–9 years 36 (24.8%) 142 (29.5%) 178 (28.4%)
 9 or more years 46 (31.7%) 164 (34.1%) 210 (33.5%)
Which best describes where you currently live:
 Missing 1 0 1
 A 1 bedroom dwelling 1 (0.7%) 5 (1.0%) 6 (0.9%)
 A multi-bedroom dwelling 147 (99.3%) 492 (98.8%) 639 (98.9%)
 I do not have a stable housing arrangement 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
Has your living environment changed since the beginning of the pandemic?
 Missing 1 0 1
 No 119 (80.4%) 414 (83.1%) 533 (82.5%)
 Yes 29 (19.6%) 84 (16.9%) 113 (17.5%)
Has the change to your living environment had a positive or negative impact?
 Missing 120 414 534
 Very positive 14 (48.3%) 31 (36.9%) 45 (39.8%)
 Somewhat positive 8 (27.6%) 26 (31.0%) 34 (30.1%)
 Somewhat Negative 1 (3.4%) 18 (21.4%) 19 (16.8%)
 Very Negative 2 (6.9%) 6 (7.1%) 8 (7.1%)
 No Impact 4 (13.8%) 3 (3.6%) 7 (6.2%)
Do you currently own or rent your residence?
 Missing 1 0 1
 Owned by you or someone in the household 133 (89.9%) 434 (87.1%) 567 (87.8%)
 Rented 12 (8.1%) 59 (11.8%) 71 (11.0%)
 Occupied without payment of rent 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
 Temporarily living with others 2 (1.4%) 3 (0.6%) 5 (0.8%)
 Other 1 (0.7%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%)
 I decline to answer 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
How many people currently live in your home (including self)?
 Missing 0 1 1
 2 4 (2.7%) 6 (1.2%) 10 (1.5%)
 3 79 (53.0%) 166 (33.4%) 245 (37.9%)
 4 41 (27.5%) 183 (36.8%) 224 (34.7%)
 5 17 (11.4%) 83 (16.7%) 100 (15.5%)
 6 6 (4.0%) 38 (7.6%) 44 (6.8%)
 7 2 (1.3%) 13 (2.6%) 15 (2.3%)
 8 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.4%) 2 (0.3%)
 9 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.4%) 2 (0.3%)
 10 0 (0.0%) 3 (0.6%) 3 (0.5%)
 More than 15 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
Number of children:
 Missing 4 1 5
 1 86 (59.3%) 185 (37.2%) 271 (42.2%)
 2 37 (25.5%) 179 (36.0%) 216 (33.6%)
 3 15 (10.3%) 83 (16.7%) 98 (15.3%)
 4 6 (4.1%) 35 (7.0%) 41 (6.4%)
 5 1 (0.7%) 11 (2.2%) 12 (1.9%)
 6 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.4%) 2 (0.3%)
 8 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.4%) 2 (0.3%)
Number of adults:
 Missing 1 5 6
 1 2 (1.4%) 8 (1.6%) 10 (1.6%)
 2 131 (88.5%) 452 (91.7%) 583 (91.0%)
 3 14 (9.5%) 19 (3.9%) 33 (5.1%)
 4 1 (0.7%) 9 (1.8%) 10 (1.6%)
 5 0 (0.0%) 5 (1.0%) 5 (0.8%)