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Table 1 Components of PNC identified and number of papers supporting each component

From: Essential components of postnatal care – a systematic literature review and development of signal functions to guide monitoring and evaluation

Number Component of PNC Number of papers reporting as essential component
Maternal
 1 Breastfeeding 14
 2 Screening and counselling for mental health including depression 13
 3 Provide education and advice on ‘danger signs’ in the mother 7
 4 Family planning 6
 5 Clinical examination of the mother 5
 6 Screening for, prevention, and management of Anaemia 4
 7 Screening for, prevention, and management of Malaria in the mother 4
 8 Screening and management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) 3
 9 Screening for pre-eclampsia 2
 10 Screening and counselling for domestic violence 2
 11 Pelvic floor exercises 1
 12 Vitamin A supplementation 1
Newborn
 1 Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) 10
 2 Skin-to skin care at birth 10
 3 Prevention of maternal to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) 10
 4 Clinical examination of the baby (including congenital abnormalities—screening for hip dysplasia, congenital heart disease) 10
 5 Provide education and advice on ‘danger signs’ in the baby 7
 6 Screening for, prevention, and management of Malaria in the baby 4
 7 Immunisations for the baby and infant 3
 8 Vitamin K 3
 9 Monitor newborn growth 3
 10
(Total 22)
Care of the baby born pre-term 3