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Table 2 Factors associated with alcohol use during pregnancy among pregnant mothers in sub-Saharan African countries, (n = 3,953)

From: Alcohol use during pregnancy and associated factors among pregnant women in Sub-Saharan Africa: further analysis of the recent demographic and health survey data

Variable Alcohol drinking during pregnancy p- value AOR
Yes (n = 901) No(n = 3,052)
  Frequency (%) Frequency (%)   
Agea 28(23–33)b 26(22–32)b 0.014 1.02(1.05,1.04)
Marital status
 Single 294(25.7%) 851(74.3%)   1
 Married 606(21.6%) 2201(78.4%) 0.49 1.08(0.9,1.3)
Residence
 Urban 167(18.3%) 747(81.7%)   1
 Rural 734(24%) 2305(76%) 0.19 1.17(0.92,1.5)
Religion
 Christian 848(30.5%) 1935(69.5%)   1
 Muslim 22(3%) 694(97%) 0.00 0.07(0.05,0.11)
 Other 31(6.8%) 423(93.2%) 0.00 0.24(0.16,0.35)
Mothers educational level
 No formal education 414(27%) 1,095(73%)   1
 Primary 354(23.8%) 1,133(76.2%) 0.49 1.07(0.9,1.3)
 Secondary 116(13.7%) 733(86.3%) 0.62 0.92(0.69,1.24)
 Higher 17(15.8%) 90(84.2%) 0.91 1.03(0.57,1.9)
Current working status
 Currently working 581(28%) 1519(72%) o.oo4 1.3(1.09,1.55)
 Currently not working 320(17.3%) 1533(82.7%)   1
Husband education
 No formal education 336(30.6%) 761(69.4%)   1
 Primary education 305(22.6%) 1,044(77.4%) 0.00 0.7(0.55,0.84)
 Secondary education 136(14%) 828(86%) 0.00 0.53(0.41,0.69)
 Higher 31(17%) 149(83%) 0.006 0.5(0.3,0.82)
 Don’t know 93(25.6%) 271(74.4%) 0.03 0.68(0.47,0.97)
Wealth index
 Poor 403(23.6%) 1302(76.4%)   1
 Medium 191(24.3%) 595(75.7%) 0.32 1.1(0.9,1.4)
 Rich 307(21%) 1155(79%) 0.62 1.06(0.85,1.3)
Media exposure
 Exposed 666(24.7%) 2036(75.3%) 0.85 0.98(0.8,1.2)
 Non exposed 235(19%) 1016(81%)   1
Current pregnancy
 Wanted 804(22.6)% 2761(77.5%) 0.75 0.95(0.7,1.3)
 Unwanted 97(25%) 291(75%)   1
Have ANC visits
 Yes 527(24%) 1674(76%) 0.03 0.82(0.68,0.98)
 No 373(21.3%) 1378(78.7%)   1
Ever had terminated pregnancy
 Yes 165(26.5%) 460(73.5%) 0.17 1.17(0.93,1.5)
 No 735(22.1%) 2592(77.9%)   1
 Graviditya 3(2–5)c 3(2–5)c 0.03 0.93(0.86,0.99)
  1. Key: a( continuous),b(mean with standard deviation,c( Median with interquartile range)