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Table 6 Shows influencing factors associated with dietary diversity practices among pregnant women in Awash seven district, Ethiopia

From: Dietary diversity practice and its influencing factors among pregnant women in Afar region of Ethiopia: mixed method study

Variables Dietary diversity COR with 95% CI AOR with 95% CI
Poor Good
No (%) No (%)
Age (in years)  ≤ 20 31 (12.9) 20 (8.3) 3.1 (1.2–7.7) 5.8(1.6–13.5)
21–25 49 (20.3) 23 (9.5) 2.2 (0.9–5.4) 3.9 (1.1–12.2)
26–30 53 (22) 13 (5.4) 1.2 (0.5–3.0) 1.6 (0.4–6.1)
 ≥ 31 43 (17.8) 9 (3.7) 1 1
Religious Orthodox 32 (13.3) 23 (9.5) 2.5 (1.3–4.7)  
Protestant & catholic 9 (3.7) 3 (1.2) 1.2 (0.3–4.5)  
Muslim 135 (56.2) 39 (16) 1  
Residence Urban 125 (52) 58 (24) 3.4 (1.5–7.9)  
Rural 51 (21.2) 7 ( 2.9) 1  
Educational status Illiterate 75 (31.1) 10 (4.1) 0.1 (0.03–0.3)  
Primary school 51 (21.2) 17 (7.1) 0.2 (0.1–0.6)  
Secondary school 40 (16.6) 23 (9.5) 0.4 (0.1–1.0)  
College and above 10 (4.1) 15 (6.2) 1  
Occupation Housewives 143 (59.5) 39 (16) 0.4 (0.2–0.9)  
Government employed 11 (4.6) 12 (5) 1.7 (0.6–4.9)  
Merchants 22 (9.1) 14 (5.4) 1  
Monthly family income (ETB)  < 1500 43 (17.8) 10 (4.1) 0.1 (0.03–0.3) 0.1 (0.02–0.7)
1500–3000 107 (44.4) 15 (6.2) 0.1 (0.02–0.1) 0.05 (0.01–0.2)
3001–4500 17 (7.1) 16 (6.6) 0.3 (0.1–0.9) 0.6 (0.1–2.4)
 > 4500 9 (3.7) 24 (10) 1 1
Antenatal care visits One 99 (41.1) 19 (7.9) 0.17(0.1–0.5) 0.18 (0.04–0.8)
2–3 times 69 (29) 37 (15) 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 0.9 (0.2–3.9)
 ≥ 4 times 8 (3.3) 9 (3.7) 1 1
Frequency of eating per day Three times 147(61) 31 (13) 0.12 (0.1–0.3)  
Four times 21 (8.8) 19 (7.9) 0.5 (0.2–1.5)  
Five times 8 (3.3) 14 (5.8) 1  
Food prohibition Yes 79 (32.8) 11(4.6) 0.25 (0.1–0.5)  
No 97 (40.2) 54(22.4) 1