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Table 2 Participants’ demographic, obstetric & psychometric characteristics at baseline

From: The effect of midwifery-led counseling on expectant fathers’ fear of childbirth: a smartphone- based randomized controlled trial

Variables Groups P-value
Intervention (n = 25) Control (n = 25)
Fathers’ level of educationa
 High school and lower 17 (68) 18 (72) 0.577
 Academic 8 (32) 7 (28)
Fathers’ occupation
 Self-employed 22 (88) 21 (84) 0.648
 employed 3 (12) 4 (16)
Number of childrena
 First-time father 17 (68) 14 (56) 0.469
 one 8 (32) 10 (40)
 Two and more 0 (0) 1 (4)
Wanted pregnancya
 Yes 23 (92) 21 (84) 0.384
 No 2 (8) 4 (16)
 Complicated pregnancy
 Yes 2 (8) 3 (12) 0.637
 No 23 (92) 22 (88)
History of recurrent miscarriagea
 Yes 2 (8) 1 (4) 0.552
 No 23 (92) 24 (96)
History of infertility in the couplesa
 Yes 3 (12) 4 (16) 0.684
 No 22 (88) 21 (84)
Type of previous deliverya
 Vaginal 2 (8) 5 (20) 0.264
 Cesarean 4 (16) 6 (24)
 Vaginal and cesarean 2 (8) 0 (0)
 First time pregnancy 17 (68) 14 (56)
Mothers’ fear of childbirth scoreb 47.00 (18.43) 48.52 (18.63) 0.823
Fathers’ depression scoreb 1.12 (2.45) 0.80 (2.58) 0.456
Fathers’ anxiety scoreb 0.96 (1.74) 0.56 (1.58) 0.315
Fathers’ stress scoreb 1.92 (3.23) 2.32 (2.86) 0.440
  1. aPresented as Number (Frequency)
  2. bPresented as Mean (Standard Deviation)