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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants by their depressive status in Ibadan, Nigeria

From: Prevalence, associated factors and perinatal outcomes of antepartum depression in Ibadan Nigeria

Characteristics Total
(1467)
Antepartum Depression Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
P-value
Overall Yes
207 (14.1)
No
1260 (85.9)
Age (Years)
  < 20 255 (1.70) 5 (20.00) 20 (80.00) 1  
 20—29 697 (47.5) 103 (14.78) 594 (85.22) 0.693 (0.255, 1.889) 0.474
 30—39 693 (47.2) 91 (13.13) 602 (86.87) 0.604 (0.221, 1.651) 0.326
 40 +  52 (3.6) 8 (15.38) 44 (84.62) 0.727 (0.211, 2.503) 0.614
Mean Age ± SD 29.9 ±  29.3 ± 5.47 30.0 ± 5.30   0.081
Marital Status
 Single 83 (5.70) 18 (21.69) 65 (78.31) 1  
 Currently Married 1384 (94.3) 189 (13.66) 1195 (86.34) 0.571 (0.331, 0.984) *0.044
Family Type
 Monogamous 1270 (93.2) 181 (14.25) 1089 (85.75) 1  
 Polygamous 93 (6.8) 12 (12.90) 81 (87.10) 0.891 (0.476, 1.667) 0.719
Maternal Education
 Primary or less 40 (2.70) 6 (15.00) 34 (85.00) 1  
 Secondary 417 (28.5) 73 (17.51) 344 (82.49) 1.20 (0.487, 2.969) 0.689
 Tertiary 1006 (68.8) 128 (12.72) 878 (87.28) 0.826 (0.340, 2.007) 0.673
Employment Status
 Unemployed 170 (11.6) 33 (19.41) 137 (80.59) 1  
 Employed 1297 (88.4) 174 (13.42) 1123 (86.58) 0.643 (0.426, 0.971) *0.036
Religion
 Christianity 841 (57.7) 113 (13.44) 728 (86.56) 1  
 Islam 617 (42.3) 93 (15.07) 524 (84.93) 1.143 (0.850, 1.538) 0.376
Ethnicity
 Non-Yoruba 152 (10.4) 20 (13.16) 132 (86.84) 1  
 Yoruba 1312 (89.6) 186 (14.18) 1126 (85.82) 1.090 (0.664, 1.789) 0.732
Income
 Less than 20,000 489 (38.1) 83 (16.97) 406 (83.03) 1  
 20,000–99,999 706 (55.1) 83 (11.76) 623 (88.24) 0.65 (0.46—0.91) 0.011
 100,000 and above 87 (6.8) 9 (10.34) 78 (89.66) 0.56 (0.27 – 1.17) 0.124
Wealth Index
 Poor 476 (32.5) 80 (16.81) 396 (83.19) 1  
 Middle 489 (33.3) 68 (13.91) 421 (86.09) 0.799 (0.562, 1.136) 0.212
 Rich 502 (34.2) 59 (11.75) 443 (85.89) 0.659 (0.459, 0.947) *0.024