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Table 2 Concentrations of lipids and lipoproteins (mmol/L) at three time points. Values are numbers, mean and 95% confidence interval (CI)

From: Lipid and lipoprotein concentrations during pregnancy and associations with ethnicity

  Total Western Europe South Asia Middle East Africa East Asia Eastern Europe
  n Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI)
Triglycerides (mmol/L)
 Visit 1a 806 1.31 (1.28, 1.35) 1.26 (1.20, 1.31) 1.41* (1.33, 1.48) 1.37 (1.28, 1.46) 1.04* (0.90, 1.17) 1.62* (1.46, 1.77) 1.23 (1.08, 1.39)
 Visit 2b 750 1.98 (1.93, 2.03) 1.98 (1.90, 2.05) 2.03 (1.93, 2.13) 1.98 (1.86, 2.11) 1.58* (1.39, 1.77) 2.25 (2.04, 2.46) 1.99 (1.79, 2.20)
 Visit 3c 576 0.99 (0.95, 1.03) 0.92 (0.86, 0.99) 1.10* (1.02, 1.18) 1.02 (0.92, 1.12) 0.74 (0.58, 0.89) 1.16* (0.99, 1.32) 0.93 (0.77, 1.09)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)
 Visit 1a 806 1.73 (1.70, 1.75) 1.76 (1.72, 1.80) 1.65* (1.60, 1.70) 1.68 (1.62, 1.74) 1.73 (1.63, 1.83) 1.81 (1.70, 1.92) 1.83 (1.72, 1.94)
 Visit 2b 750 1.92 (1.89, 1.95) 1.93 (1.88, 1.98) 1.87 (1.81, 1.93) 1.89 (1.81, 1.97) 1.88 (1.76, 2.00) 2.12 (1.98, 2.26) 1.97 (1.84, 2.11)
 Visit 3c 576 1.54 (1.51, 1.57) 1.60 (1.55, 1.65) 1.43* (1.37, 1.49) 1.54 (1.47, 1.62) 1.67 (1.55, 1.79) 1.51 (1.39, 1.64) 1.52 (1.39, 1.64)
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)
 Visit 1a 802 2.75 (2.69, 2.80) 2.74 (2.66, 2.83) 2.78 (2.67, 2.88) 2.75 (2.62, 2.88) 2.81 (2.62, 3.00) 2.43 (2.20, 2.65) 2.83 (2.61, 3.06)
 Visit 2b 739 3.45 (3.38, 3.53) 3.62 (3.51, 3.74) 3.31* (3.17, 3.45) 3.28* (3.10, 3.46) 3.40 (3.14, 3.67) 3.03* (2.72, 3.34) 3.78 (3.48, 4.07)
 Visit 3c 575 3.07 (3.01, 3.14) 3.09 (2.98, 3.20) 3.13 (3.00, 3.26) 2.98 (2.82, 3.15) 2.95 (2.69, 3.21) 3.04 (2.75, 3.32) 3.10 (2.83, 3.38)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)
 Visit 1a 806 5.00 (4.94, 5.05) 5.01 (4.92, 5.11) 4.99 (4.87, 5.11) 4.97 (4.82, 5.12) 4.96 (4.74, 5.18) 4.89 (4.64, 5.14) 5.12 (4.87, 5.38)
 Visit 2b 750 6.18 (6.10, 6.26) 6.36 (6.24, 6.48) 6.02* (5.86, 6.17) 5.93* (5.73, 6.14) 5.92* (5.62, 6.23) 6.14 (5.80, 6.48) 6.57 (6.24, 6.91)
 Visit 3c 576 5.02 (4.95, 5.10) 5.08 (4.96, 5.20) 5.01 (4.87, 5.15) 4.95 (4.77, 5.13) 4.92 (4.63, 5.21) 5.04 (4.73, 5.34) 5.01 (4.70, 5.31)
  1. aVisit 1: gestational age 15
  2. bVisit 2: gestational age 28
  3. cVisit 3: 14 weeks postpartum
  4. Adjustments for gestational age/weeks postpartum
  5. Ethnic groups that differed statistical significant (p < 0.004) from the Western European group (reference) are marked with*
  6. Statistics: Linear regression