Skip to main content

Table 5 Median (interquartile range) scores on the Mothers Autonomy in Decision Making Scale for the total population and stratified for maternal healthcare providers who provided care during labour and birth, 621 Dutch women completed 876 measures

From: Assessing Dutch women’s experiences of labour and birth: adaptations and psychometric evaluations of the measures Mothers on Autonomy in Decision Making Scale, Mothers on Respect Index, and Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0

  Total populationa Statistical differences among subgroups total population Community midwife Hospital-based midwife Obstetrician Community midwife and hospital-based midwife Community midwife and Obstetrician Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician Community midwife, Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician
N = 621
(100%)
  n = 238
(38.3%)
n = 127
(20.5%)
n = 40
(6.4%)
n = 47
(7.6%)
n = 17
(2.7%)
n = 113
(18.2%)
n = 39
(6.3%)
Median (IQR) P-value Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR)
PREGNANCY CHARACTERISTICS
Parity   0.01        
  Nulliparous 34 (23-40)   38 (34-42) 30 (15-38) 29 (17-36) 39 (34-42)
29 (23-35)
35 (31-39)
27 (19-35)
31 (23-35)
29 (16-35)
35 (31-42)
26 (16-36)
25 (14-35)
  Multiparous 35 (28-41)   39 (35-42) 32 (25-35) 35 (23-39) 37 (35-41)
20 (16-34)
36 (34-39)
23 (13-34)
33 (21-37)
32 (24-35)
34 (17-41)
14 (11-42)
14 (11-32)
Gestational age (in weeks)   0.05        
   ≤ 36 + 6 27 (23-35)   NA 27 (25-34) 23 (7-27) NA NA 31 (22-37)
35 (23-42)
42 NA
42 NA
42 NA
  37 + 0 – 39 + 6 35 (25-41)   39 (35-42) 31 (19-36) 36 (33-42) 39 (34-42)
30 (14-37)
35 (29-36)
27 (13-35)
32 (19-36)
29 (15-36)
35 (27-42)
28 (16-35)
25 (14-35)
  40 + 0 – 40 + 6 35 (28-41)   38 (33-42) 34 (29-35) 29 (21-36) 38 (34-41)
29 (20-33)
34 (31-38)
23 (9-28)
32 (23-35)
28 (21-35)
35 (28-41)
26 (14-42)
24 (11-39)
  41 + 0 – 41 + 6 35 (24-41)   40 (35-42) 32 (23-40) 22 (12-31) 39 (27-42)
22 (16-34)
39 (37-39)
31 (24-40)
35 (26-35)
33 (25-35)
37 (30-42)
22 (13-38)
15 (12-35)
   ≥ 42 + 0 26 (20-35)   35 NA 42 NA 23 NA NA NA 19 (9-26)
26 (15-35)
29 NA
25 NA
24 NA
Complications during pregnancy b   0.01        
  None 35 (27-41)   39 (34-42) 31 (18-36) 35 (23-36) 40 (35-42)
29 (17-33)
36 (29-39)
25 (21-27)
32 (24-35)
34 (21-37)
35 (28-42)
26 (15-38)
23 (14-35)
  1 35 (25-41)   41 (35-42) 32 (27-35) 31 (14-38) 36 (34-42)
29 (18-36)
35 (32-38)
29 (10-35)
32 (23-36)
30 (16-35)
39 (34-42)
21 (14-37)
21 (8-34)
  2 35 (25-37)   38 (35-42) 33 (26-38) 29 (21-39) 34 NA
34 NA
35 NA
28 NA
32 (16-35)
33 (16-36)
36 (28-41)
33 (24-41)
36 (19-41)
   ≥ 3 27 (18-36)   34 (22-42) 27 (16-37) 23 NA 20 NA
17 NA
NA 31 (19-35)
27 (17-35)
34 (NA)
25 (NA)
19 (NA)
BIRTH CHARACTERISTICS
Mode of birth   ≤ 0.001        
  Vaginal 35 (27-41)   39 (34-42) 32 (21-36) 31 (19-37) 38 (34-42)
29 (17-35)
36 (34-40)
27 (11-35)
31 (15-35)
27 (14-36)
38 (34-42)
28 (14-39)
26 (14-42)
  Instrumental vaginal 29 (17-35)   NA NA 31 NA NA 34 (31-35)
22 (14-33)
31 (26-35)
24 (16-33)
35 (31-42)
26 (16-39)
16 (12-34)
  CS (elective or emergency) 32 (25-36)   NA NA 35 (23-39) NA 39 NA
27 NA
34 (26-36)
35 (27-39)
27 (10-31)
23 (9-31)
25 (16-32)
Number of times the attended healthcare professional during birth was met in the prenatal period   ≤ 0.001        
  0 32 (21-37)   38 (25-42) 31 (20-35) 32 (22-36) 37 (33-42)
29 (17-41)
NA 32 (23-36)
29 (15-35)
40 (33-42)
35 (30-40)
14 (25-39)
  1-2 times 35 (22-42)   39 (31-42) 39 (29-42) 31 (22-40) 41 (37-42)
27 (19-35)
34 NA
20 NA
28 (16-34)
31 (12-35)
35 (27-40)
26 (15-36)
31 (10-38)
  3-4 times 36 (32-41)   38 (34-42) 32 (26-42) 31 NA 36 (31-41)
29 (21-36)
36 (32-38)
23 (14-30)
36 (32-38)
36 (34-42)
35 (25-42)
25 (11-34)
19 (8-35)
   ≥ 5 times 36 (30-42)   40 (35-42) 34 (19-41) 37 (33-41) 39 (28-42)
26 (13-33)
35 (32-39)
27 (13-35)
35 (19-36)
35 (22-38)
36 (28-41)
18 (14-39)
20 (9-27)
  Unknown 31 (21-39)   37 (29-42) 34 NA 7 (7-25) 38 NA
29 NA
NA 30 (25-33)
27 (23-29)
42 NA
42 NA
42 NA
Place of giving birth   ≤ 0.001        
  Home 39 (35-42)   39 (35-42)       
  Maternity hotel/birth centre 34 (25-35)   34 (32-39) 32 (21-36) 36 NA 39 NA
39 NA
34 NA
33 NA
26 (25-34)
24 (14-35)
33 NA
30 NA
30 NA
 Hospital 34 (24-39)   39 (34-42) 30 (12-37) 31 (22-37) 38 (34-42)
29 (17-34)
36 (31-39)
24 (12-34)
32 (22-35)
32 (17-35)
35 (29-42)
26 (14-38)
22 (14-35)
BIRTH INTERVENTIONS
Induction of labour   ≤ 0.001        
  No 35 (27-41)   39 (34-42) 30 (21-35) 35 (23-36) 39 (34-42)
29 (18-35)
36 (32-39)
26 (15-33)
31 (22-35)
27 (18-36)
35 (28-42)
25 (14-37)
19 (11-35)
  Yes 32 (20-37)   NA 33 (20-39) 31 (16-40) 20 NA
17 NA
NA 32 (23-35)
34 (17-35)
40 (29-42)
33 (25-38)
35 (25-37)
CTG monitoring during labour   ≤ 0.001        
  No 37 (32-42)   39 (35-42) 34 (29-38) 24 (13-36) 42 (30-42)
30 (19-36)
36 (34-39)
25 (21-35)
29 (10-33)
24 (9-35)
35 (28-35)
15 (13-33)
14 (8-15)
  Yes 32 (22-36)   35 (21-37) 31 (19-36) 31 (23-38) 37 (34-41)
28 (17-34)
35 (31-39)
27 (12-34)
32 (24-35)
32 (18-35)
37 (29-42)
28 (17-38)
26 (16-35)
Episiotomy c   ≤ 0.001        
  No 35 (29-42)   39 (34-42) 32 (20-36) 29 (16-37) 39 (34-42) 39 (34-42)
29 (16-37)
32 (20-36)
29 (16-37)
39 (34-42)
32 (30-36)
29 (16-37)
  Yes 30 (16-36)   35 (31-40) 26 (17-35) 22 (14-35) 35 (31-40) 35 (31-40)
22 (14-35)
26 (17-35)
22 (14-35)
35 (31-40)
26 (17-35)
22 (14-35)
Pain relief treatment d   0.002        
  No 35 (27-41)   39 (34-42) 31 (21-35) 31 (23-36) 40 (35-42)
26 (17-35)
36 (32-37)
26 (12-34)
27 (19-35)
26 (14-35)
37 (31-42)
33 (14-42)
25 (10-35)
  Yes 32 (22-39)   NA 35 (19-42) 34 (17-42) 35 (26-42)
31 (17-35)
35 (32-39)
27 (22-35)
33 (24-36)
33 (21-38)
35 (27-40)
26 (17-35)
22 (14-35)
Catheterisation   ≤ 0.001        
  No 36 (29-42)   39 (35-42) 32 (22-38) 30 (15-36) 41 (35-42)
26 (16-35)
37 (33-41)
22 (8-29)
31 (20-35)
26 (14-35)
39 (33-42)
35 (14-42)
28 (9-42)
  Yes 32 (22-37)   39 (34-42) 31 (17-35) 34 (25-41) 35 (32-41)
30 (21-35)
35 (32-36)
27 (22-35)
32 (25-35)
32 (21-36)
35 (27-40)
25 (15-35)
22 (14-34)
Vaginal laceration c   0.28        
  No 35 (28-41)   39 (34-42) 31 (19-35) 29 (14-35) 39 (34-42) 39 (34-42)
29 (14-35)
31 (19-35)
29 (14-35)
39 (34-42)
31 (19-35)
29 (14-35)
  Yes 35 (24-41)   38 (34-42) 31 (19-35) 26 (14-35) 38 (34-42) 38 (34-42)
26 (14-35)
31 (19-35)
26 (14-35)
38 (34-42)
31 (19-35)
26 (14-35)
Vaginal laceration (surgery) c   0.48        
  No 35 (25-41)   39 (34-42) 31 (19-35) 26 (14-35) 39 (34-42) 39 (34-42)
26 (14-35)
29 (19-35)
26 (14-35)
39 (34-42)
31 (19-35)
26 (14-35)
  Yes 34 (25-38)   35 (31-39) 29 (15-35) 29 (14-35) 35 (31-39) 35 (31-39)
29 (13-35)
29 (15-35)
29 (13-35)
35 (31-39)
29 (13-35)
29 (13-35)
  1. a Total population N = 621, scores of the Mothers Autonomy in Decision Making Scale were at random selected if a women had multiple healthcare professionals
  2. b Complications during pregnancy care: intra-uterine growth restriction, blood loss trimester first trimester, blood loss second or third trimester, diabetes gravidarum, cholestasis, problems with blood pressure, abruptio placenta, placenta praevia, polyhydramnion, thrombosis, HELLP-syndrome, dysmature, macrosomia, oligohydramnion
  3. c Scores on the Mothers Autonomy in Decision Making Scale for birth interventions episiotomy, vaginal laceration and vaginal laceration which required OK-treatment were calculated for vaginal births only (n = 554)
  4. d Pain relief include epidural, morphine or pethidine treatment
  5. NA Not Applicable