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Table 2 Pregnancy, birth, birth interventions and healthcare professionals characteristics of the included Dutch women (N = 621)

From: Assessing Dutch women’s experiences of labour and birth: adaptations and psychometric evaluations of the measures Mothers on Autonomy in Decision Making Scale, Mothers on Respect Index, and Childbirth Experience Questionnaire 2.0

  Total population Community midwife Hospital-based midwife Obstetrician Community midwife and Hospital-based midwife Community midwife and Obstetrician Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician Community midwife, Hospital-based midwife and Obstetrician
N = 621
100%
n = 238
38.3%
n = 127
20.5%
n = 40
6.4%
n = 47
7.6%
n = 17
2.7%
n = 113
18.2%
n = 39
6.3%
N (%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
PREGNANCY CHARACTERISTICS
Parity
  Nulliparous 289 (46.5) 76 (31.9) 48 (37.8) 23 (57.5) 29 (61.7) 10 (58.8) 38 (33.6 34 (87.2)
  Multiparous 332 (53.5) 162 (68.1) 79 (62.2) 17 (42.5) 18 (38.3) 7 (41.2) 75 (66.4) 5 (12.8)
Gestational age (in weeks)
   ≤ 36 + 6 19 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 7 (5.5) 5(12.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (5.3) 1 (2.6)
  37 + 0 - 39 + 6 310 (49.9) 103 (43.3) 78 (61.4) 21 (52.5) 26 (55.3) 7 (41.2) 60 (53.1) 15 (38.5)
  40 + 0 - 40 + 6 164 (26.4) 86 (36.1) 14 (11.0) 8 (20.0) 15 (31.9) 6 (35.3) 23 (20.4) 12 (30.8)
  41 + 0 - 41 + 6 117 (18.8) 46 (19.3) 27 (21.3) 4 (10.0) 6 (12.8) 4 (23.5) 20 (17.7) 10 (25.6)
   ≥ 42 + 0 11 (1.8) 3 (1.3) 1 (0.8) 2 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (3.5) 1 (2.6)
Adverse physical health events a
  None 333 (53.6) 174 (73.1) 52 (40.9) 15 (37.5) 30 (63.8) 7 (41.2) 31 (27.4) 24 (61.5)
  1 168 (27.1) 45 (18.9) 39 (30.7) 14 (35.0) 13 (27.7) 8 (47.1) 41 (36.3) 8 (20.5)
  2 82 (13.2) 13 (5.5) 26 (20.5) 8 (20.) 3 (6.4) 2 (11.8) 26 (23.0) 4 (10.3)
   ≥ 3 38 (6.1) 6 (2.5) 10 (7.9) 3 (7.5) 1 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 15 (13.3) 3 (7.7)
Adverse psychological health status b
  None 602 (96.9) 234 (98.3) 123 (96.9) 36 (90.0) 46 (97.9) 16 (94.1) 110 (97.3) 37 (94.9)
  1 19 (3.1) 4 (1.7) 4 (3.1) 4 (10.0) 1 (2.1) 1 (5.9) 3 (2.7) 2 (5.1)
BIRTH CHARACTERISTICS
Mode of birth
  Vaginal 509 (82.0) 238 (100.0) 127 (100.0) 18 (45.0) 47 (100.0) 9 (52.9) 53 (46.9) 17 (43.6)
  Instrumental vaginal 45 (7.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (7.5) 0 (0.0) 5 (29.4) 20 (17.7) 17 (43.6)
  CS (elective or emergency) 67 (10.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 19 (47.5) 0 (0.0) 3 (17.6) 40 (35.4) 5 (12.8)
Number of times the attended healthcare professional during birth was met in the prenatal period
  0 214 (34.5) 20 (8.4) 96 (75.6) 14 (35.0) 15 (31.9) 0 (0.0) 60 (53.1) 9 (23.1)
  1-2 times 110 (17.7) 48 (20.2) 10 (7.9) 13 (32.5) 6 (12.8) 1 (5.9) 22 (19.5) 10 (25.6)
  3-4 times 113 (18.2) 74 (31.1) 7 (5.5) 3 (7.5) 10 (21.3) 5 (29.4) 7 (6.2) 7 (17.9)
   ≥ 5 times 150 (24.2) 82 (34.5) 11 (8.7) 6 (15.0) 14 (29.8) 11 (64.7) 16 (14.2) 10 (25.6)
  Unknown 34 (5.5) 14 (5.9) 3 (2.4) 4 (10.0) 2 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 8 (7.1) 3 (7.7)
Place of giving birth
  Home 157 (25.3) 156 (65.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
  Maternity hotel/birth centre 29 (4.7) 9 (3.8) 6 (4.7) 2 (5.0) 1 (2.1) 2 (11.8) 7 (6.2) 2 (5.1)
  Hospital 435 (70.0) 73 (30.7) 121 (95.3) 38 (95.0) 46 (97.9) 14 (82.4) 106 (93.8) 37 (94.9)
BIRTH INTERVENTIONS
Induction of labour
  No 467 (75.2) 238 (100.0) 59 (46.5) 24 (60.0) 44 (93.6) 16 (94.1) 54 (47.8) 32 (82.1)
  Yes 154 (24.8) 0 (0.0) 68 (53.5) 16 (40.0) 3 (6.4) 1 (5.9) 59 (52.2) 7 (17.9)
CTG monitoring during labour
  No 307 (49.4) 223 (97.9) 24 (18.9) 9 (22.5) 14 (29.8) 7 (41.2) 12 (10.6) 8 (20.5)
  Yes 314 (50.6) 5 (2.1) 103 (81.1) 31 (77.5) 33 (70.2) 10 (58.8) 101 (89.4) 31 (79.5)
Episiotomy c
  No 453 (81.8) 225 (94.5) 112 (88.2) 15 (71.4) 39 (83.0) 10 (71.4) 36 (49.3) 16 (47.1)
  Yes 101 (18.2) 13 (5.5) 15 (11.8) 6 (28.6) 8 (17.0) 4 (28.6) 37 (50.7) 18 (52.9)
Pain relief treatment d
  No 433 (69.7) 238 (100.0) 76 (59.8) 19 (47.5) 30 (63.8) 10 (58.8) 37 (32.7) 23 (59.0)
  Yes 188 (30.3) 0 (0.0) 51 (40.2) 21 (52.5) 17 (36.2) 7 (41.2) 76 (67.3) 16 (41.0)
Catheterisation
  No 383 (61.7) 212 (89.1) 77 (60.6) 17 (42.5) 23 (48.9) 6 (35.3) 34 (30.1) 14 (35.9)
  Yes 238 (38.3) 26 (10.9) 50 (39.4) 23 (57.5) 24 (51.1) 11 (64.7) 79 (69.9) 25 (64.1)
Vaginal laceration c
  No 209 (37.7) 103 (43.3) 46 (36.2) 7 (33.3) 14 (29.8) 3 (21.4) 28 (38.4) 8 (23.5)
  Yes 345 (62.3) 135 (56.7) 81 (63.8) 14 (66.7) 33 (70.2) 11 (78.6) 45 (61.6) 26 (76.5)
Vaginal laceration OK treatment c
  No 526 (94.9) 228 (95.8) 124 (97.6) 20 (95.2) 45 (95.7) 13 (92.9) 67 (91.8) 29 (85.3)
  Yes 28 (5.1) 10 (4.2) 3 (2.4) 1 (4.8) 2 (4.3) 1 (7.1) 6 (8.2) 5 (14.7)
Manual placenta removal
  No 597 (96.1) 233 (97.9) 124 (97.6) 39 (97.5) 44 (93.6) 17 (100.0) 105 (92.9) 35 (89.7)
  Yes 24 (3.9) 5 (2.1) 3 (2.4) 1 (2.5) 3 (6.4) 0 (0.0) 8 (7.1) 4 (10.3)
NEONATAL OUTCOMES
Resuscitation
  No 595 (95.8) 234 (98.3) 123 (96.9) 38 (95.0) 47 (100.0) 16 (94.1) 100 (88.5) 37 (94.9)
  Yes 26 (4.2) 4 (1.7) 4 (3.1) 2 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.9) 13 (11.5) 2 (5.1)
  1. a Adverse physical health events during pregnancy: intra-uterine growth restriction, blood loss trimester first trimester, blood loss second or third trimester, diabetes gravidarum, cholestasis, problems with blood pressure, abruptio placenta, placenta praevia, polyhydramnion, thrombosis, HELLP-syndrome, dysmature, macrosomia, oligohydramnion
  2. b Adverse psychological health status during pregnancy: anxiety or depression
  3. c Episiotomy, vaginal laceration and vaginal laceration which required OK-treatment were calculated for vaginal births only (n = 554)
  4. d Pain relief include epidural, morphine or pethidine treatment