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Table 5 Prevalence of selected health conditions in pregnant women by social deprivation and ethnicity

From: Epidemiology of pre-existing multimorbidity in pregnant women in the UK in 2018: a population-based cross-sectional study

  % by patient level IMD quintiles in CPRD (England), n = 13,075 P value for X2 test
Health conditions 1, least deprived 2 3 4 5, most deprived Missing
  n = 2326 n = 1835 n = 1878 n = 1853 n = 1908 n = 3275
Example of health conditions that increased with deprivation
 ***Depression (diagnosis) 20.55 22.29 24.55 24.82 25.58 22.32 < 0.001
 *Asthma 12.85 14.22 14.70 15.00 14.83 12.61 0.049
 ***Other mental health conditions 5.33 6.21 8.31 9.01 10.01 6.93 < 0.001
 Psoriasis 3.31 4.31 3.09 4.16 3.41 3.82 0.258
 Cardiovascular disease 2.06 2.07 1.70 1.89 2.67 2.29 0.378
 ***Severe mental illness 1.16 1.58 1.60 2.75 2.99 2.05 < 0.001
 **Epilepsy 0.90 1.20 1.65 2.00 2.04 1.04 0.002
 Venous thromboembolism 0.77 0.65 0.59 0.49 1.26 0.98 0.073
 **Substance misuse 0.52 1.36 1.33 1.46 2.10 1.37 0.001
Example of health conditions that decreased with deprivation
 **Anxiety (diagnosis) 20.77 20.05 21.35 18.78 17.82 17.77 0.005
 Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis 18.14 16.13 16.03 16.68 15.57 16.15 0.254
 *Migraine 14.32 13.35 15.44 12.14 13.16 12.76 0.034
 **Irritable bowel syndrome 10.15 8.88 9.16 7.99 6.71 9.04 0.003
 **Polycystic ovarian syndrome 8.34 5.78 7.03 6.26 5.29 6.41 0.001
 Other skin conditions 6.58 6.70 6.02 6.80 4.98 6.44 0.179
 Alcohol misuse 0.82 0.65 0.59 0.81 0.68 0.55 0.820
  % by ethnicity in CPRD (England) P value for X2 test
Health conditions White Black Mixed Others South Asians Missing
  n = 8302 n = 490 n = 214 n = 336 n = 843 n = 2890
Example of health conditions that were more prevalent in White ethnic group
 ***Depression (diagnosis) 25.20 13.27 20.56 14.29 10.32 23.91 < 0.001
 ***Anxiety (diagnosis) 21.27 9.80 20.09 10.42 10.08 18.86 < 0.001
 ***Asthma 14.33 11.22 14.02 6.55 10.79 14.60 < 0.001
 ***Migraine 14.30 10.20 11.21 8.63 9.85 13.46 < 0.001
 ***Irritable bowel syndrome 10.07 9.80 6.07 2.68 3.91 7.06 < 0.001
 ***Other mental health conditions 8.44 5.31 10.28 4.17 1.90 6.92 < 0.001
 Other skin conditions 6.75 3.88 5.61 5.06 5.93 5.64 0.050
 ***Psoriasis 4.05 1.22 3.27 1.49 1.66 3.91 < 0.001
 Serious mental illness 2.11 1.63 1.40 0.60 1.19 2.18 0.159
 **Substance misuse 1.47 0.82 1.40 0.00 0.00 1.56 0.002
 Epilepsy 1.46 0.41 2.80 0.60 1.07 1.52 0.099
 Venous thromboembolism 0.93 0.41 1.40 0.60 0.47 0.62 0.309
 ***Alcohol misuse 0.90 0.00 1.40 0.30 0.00 0.31 < 0.001
Example of health conditions that were more prevalent in ethnic minority groups
 ***Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis 15.56 22.65 17.29 19.94 16.25 17.65 < 0.001
 ***Polycystic ovarian syndrome 6.60 5.10 8.88 8.93 9.85 5.33 < 0.001
 Cardiovascular disease 2.18 3.88 1.40 1.79 2.14 1.80 0.090
  1. The selected health conditions were the top ten most common conditions in this study or leading causes of maternal death. Other mental health conditions: obsessive compulsive disorder, self-harm, personality disorder, dissociative disorder. Severe mental illness (SMI): bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, psychosis or meeting drug phenome for SMI. Other skin conditions: seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, lichen planus, hidradenitis suppurativa
  2. *denotes p <0.05, ** denotes p<0.01, *** denotes p<0.001