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Table 4 Distributions of psychiatric comorbidities during pregnancy according to the level of exposure to childhood trauma

From: Cumulative childhood trauma and complex psychiatric symptoms in pregnant women and expecting men

  No trauma One trauma Cumulative trauma2
Psychiatric problems1 Freq % Freq % Freq %
Women3      
No psychiatric problem 1010 69.2% 244 16.7% 205 14.1%
One psychiatric problem 97 50.3% 45 23.3% 51 26.4%
Comorbid psychiatric problems 39 34.5% 28 24.8% 46 40.7%
Men4       
No psychiatric problem 73 71.6% 17 16.7% 12 11.8%
One psychiatric problem 7 63.6% 3 27.3% 1 9.1%
Comorbid psychiatric problems 0 0% 0 0% 3 100%
  1. 1Groups of psychiatric problems were computed according to the clinical cut-offs of the PCL-5 (≥ 33), K10 (≥ 30), STAXI-2 (T scores > 70), and SIFS (≥1.90).
  2. 2Groups of trauma were computed using the cut-offs of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Participants were considered as having experienced multiple trauma when the scored higher than the cut-off on at least two scales among physical abuse (≥ 8), emotional abuse (≥ 10), sexual abuse (≥ 8), physical neglect (≥ 8), and emotional neglect (≥ 15).
  3. 3Women having been exposed to cumulative childhood trauma were significantly more likely to report comorbid problems during pregnancy than women who experienced a single type or no trauma, χ2(4) = 88.44, p < .001.
  4. 4Men having been exposed to cumulative childhood trauma were significantly more likely to report comorbid problems during pregnancy than men who experienced a single type or no trauma, V(4) = 0.29, p < .001.