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Table 1 Participant demographics by first pregnancy complicated by hypertensive disorder of pregnancy

From: Information needs and experiences from pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders: a qualitative analysis of narrative responses

Maternal Characteristic Responders
(n = 895)
Non-Responders
(n = 955)
p-value
Hispanic 5 (0.6) 10 (1.1) 0.24
Race
 White 768 (85.8) 829 (86.8) 0.53
 Black 9 (1.0) 16 (1.7) 0.21
 Othera 113 (12.6) 100 (10.5) 0.15
More than one pregnancy affected by HDP 221 (23.2) 235 (26.3) 0.12
Pregnancy Characteristic Responders
(n = 895)
Non-Responders
(n = 955)
p-value
Years between pregnancy and completion of survey (or added pregnancy), years (mean ± SD) 5.5 (± 7.1) 4.2 (± 5.8) < 0.001
Maternal age at delivery, years (mean ± SD) 29.5 (± 5.2) 29.0 (± 5.0) 0.07
Delivery occurred in the US 763 (85.6) 777 (83.3) 0.17
Type of prenatal provider
 Obstetrician 661 (73.9) 684 (71.2) 0.75
 Midwife 115 (12.8) 132 (13.8)
 Family practice 53 (5.9) 68 (7.1)
 Other 66 (7.4) 71 (7.4)
Parity
 0 824 (92.1) 860 (90.0) 0.43
 1 52 (5.8) 69 (7.2)
 2 11 (1.2) 20 (2.1)
 ≥ 3 8 (0.9) 6 (0.6)
Multiple gestation 30 (3.3) 39 (4.1) 0.40
Smoking 62 (6.9) 69 (7.3) 0.80
Type of HDP
 Preeclampsia 646 (72.2) 732 (76.7) 0.03
 Eclampsia 66 (7.4) 47 (4.9) 0.03
 HELLP syndrome 381 (42.6) 372 (38.9) 0.11
 Exacerbation of CHTN 59 (6.6) 65 (6.8) 0.85
 Unsure of or did not receive a diagnosis 66 (7.4) 68 (7.1) 0.83
Clinical Abnormalities
 Elevated liver function tests 513 (60.1) 508 (55.9) 0.02
 Kidney problems 206 (24.2) 159 (17.5) < 0.001
 Low platelets 415 (48.7) 409 (45.1) 0.03
 Fluid in the lungs 94 (11.0) 74 (8.2) 0.02
 Seizure 57 (6.7) 29 (3.2) 0.003
 Increased protein 662 (77.6) 726 (80.1) 0.23
Maximum SBP, mmHg (mean ± SD)b 184 (± 26.7) 185 (± 26.9) 0.51
Maximum DBP, mmHg (mean ± SD)c 112 (± 18.1) 113 (± 18.8) 0.32
Offspring Characteristicsd Responder
(n = 929)
Non-Responder
(n = 1009)
p-value
Gestational age at delivery, weeks (median, range) 34 (20–44) 34 (20–44) 0.83
Cesarean delivery 629 (68.7) 676 (68.2) 0.80
Birth weight, grams (mean ± SD)e 2051 (± 987) 2065 (± 975) 0.75
Female sex 472 (51.2) 469 (47.3) 0.23
Offspring outcome
 Live birth with living child 817 (88.2) 909 (91.2) 0.02
 Live birth with subsequent infant death 59 (6.4) 59 (5.9)
 Stillbirth 50 (5.4) 29 (2.9)
  1. HDP, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy; US, United States; HELLP, hemolysis elevated liver enzymes low platelets; CHTN, chronic hypertension
  2. a Includes the following possible responses: Asian, Asian Indian, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, Other, I don’t know, I’d rather not say
  3. b SBP, systolic blood pressure (included if SBP 60–270 mmHg)
  4. c DBP, diastolic blood pressure (included if DBP 40–180 mmHg)
  5. d Includes data for more than one offspring in multiple gestation pregnancies
  6. e Included if reported birth weight 150–8165 g