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Table 2 Median and mean changes from first to third trimester prenatal visit among women participating in the First 1000 Days Program, N = 264

From: Effects of the First 1000 Days Program, a systems-change intervention, on obesity risk factors during pregnancy

Outcomes Median (IQR) First Trimester Visit Median (IQR) Third Trimester Visit Adjusted Median Differencesa (95% CI) p-value
Behavioral Outcomes
 Fruit and vegetables (daily servings) 1.00 (0.43, 3.00) 1.00 (0.43, 3.00) 0.08 (−0.09, 0.24) 0.36
 Sugary-drinks (weekly servings) 3.00 (1.00, 7.00) 3.00 (1.00, 7.00) −0.95 (−1.86, − 0.03) 0.04
 Fast food (weekly servings) 1.00 (0.00, 1.00) 0.00 (0.00, 1.00) −0.03 (− 0.32, 0.26) 0.82
 Physical activity (days per week)b 2.00 (0.00, 4.00) 3.00 (2.00, 5.00) 0.88 (0.52, 1.23) < 0.001
 Screen time (hours per day) 2.00 (1.00, 3.00) 2.00 (1.00, 3.00) −0.21 (−0.40, − 0.01) 0.04
Psychosocial Outcomes Mean (SD) First Trimester Visit Mean (SD) Third Trimester Visit Adjusted Mean Differencesa (95% CI) p-value
Pregnancy anxiety total scorec 9.30 (2.93) 8.22 (2.67) −1.06 (−1.32, −0.79) <  0.001
  First Trimester Visit n(%) Third Trimester Visit n(%) Adjusted ORa (95% CI) p-value
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) enrollmentd 86 (33.3%) 141 (55.1%) 2.58 (1.96, 3.41) < 0.001
  1. CI Confidence interval, IQR Interquartile range (first quartile, third quartile)
  2. aAdjusted estimates from longitudinal model. Adjusted for maternal age at intake, race/ethnicity, and pre-pregnancy BMI
  3. bN = 260
  4. cN = 261; Range from 0 to 20 with higher scores indicating greater extent of worry or concern
  5. dN = 250