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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study groups

From: Enhancing nutrition knowledge and dietary diversity among rural pregnant women in Malawi: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Control (n = 103) Intervention (n = 92) p-value
Median (IQR) maternal age (years) 23 (18–28) 24 (19–30) 0.11
Median (IQR) number of previous births 1 (0–3) 2 (0–3) 0.12
Median (IQR) household size 5 (3–6) 5 (3–6) 0.06
Median (IQR) months of houshold food shortage last year 2 (1–5) 3 (1–6) 0.05
Geographic location (n, %)
 Lakeshore 60 (58.3) 43 (46.7) 0.11
 Upland 43 (41.7) 49 (53.3)  
Socio-economic status (n, %)
 Very poor 29 (28.2) 31 (33.7) 0.56
 Poor 43 (41.7) 39 (42.4)  
 Well-off 31 (30.1) 22 (23.9)  
Maternal income (n, %)
 No income 83 (80.6) 75 (81.5) 0.87
 Has income 20 (19.4) 17 (18.5)  
Marital status (n, %)
 Single 12 (16.5) 9 (4.3) 0.67
 Married 91 (83.5) 83 (95.7)  
Education (n, %)
 Illiterate/primary 79 (78.6) 79 (83.7) 0.10
 Secondary/above 24 (21.4) 13 (16.3)  
Household head gender (n, %)
 Female 9 (11.7) 7 (4.3) 0.77
 Male 94 (88.3) 85 (95.7)  
  1. IQR Interquartile range