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Table 1 Coverage of SSC across women’s characteristics in Nigeria

From: Coverage and factors associated with mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact in Nigeria: a multilevel analysis

Variable Number of women (%) Mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact p
Yes (12.0%) No (88.0%)
Age     0.015*
15-19 1197 (4.0) 10.9 89.1  
20-24 4320 (14.4) 12.4 87.6  
25-29 6107 (20.4) 12.0 88.0  
30-34 5536 (18.5) 12.4 87.6  
35-39 5155 (17.2) 11.9 88.1  
40-44 3905 (13.0) 12.2 87.8  
45-49 3772 (12.6) 8.9 91.1  
Residential mobility     0.562
Internal immigrant (<5years) 4414 (14.7) 12.3 87.7  
Native (5+years) 25578 (85.3) 11.9 88.1  
Educational attainment     <0.001*
No formal education 12455 (41.5) 8.7 91.3  
Primary 5351 (17.8) 11.7 88.3  
Secondary 9549 (31.8) 14.6 85.4  
Higher 2637 (8.8) 19.7 80.3  
Religion     <0.001*
Christianity 13808 (46.0) 12.4 87.6  
Islam 15909 (53.0) 11.2 88.8  
ATR/others 275 (0.9) 48.9 51.1  
Media exposure     <0.001*
Has no exposure 10923 (36.4) 8.4 91.6  
Has exposure 19069 (63.6) 14.3 85.7  
Total children ever born     <0.001*
1-2 9408 (31.4) 13.2 86.8  
3-4 8493 (28.3) 11.9 88.1  
4+ 12091 (40.3) 11.0 89.0  
Wanted child when became pregnant     0.194
Then 19054 (87.4) 12.1 87.9  
Later 1976 (9.1) 11.3 88.7  
No more 762 (3.5) 10.4 89.6  
Health insurance     <0.001*
Not covered 29196 (97.4) 11.9 88.1  
Covered 796 (2.6) 17.6 82.4  
Mode of delivery     <0.001*
Caesarean section 647 (3.0) 7.3 92.7  
Vaginal 21055 (97.0) 12.2 87.8  
Place of delivery     <0.001*
Health facility 9351 (42.9) 19.0 81.0  
Home 12441 (57.1) 6.8 93.2  
ANC visits     <0.001*
No visit 5365 (25.0) 5.8 94.2  
1-3 visits 3793 (17.7) 10.8 89.2  
4+ visits 12307 (57.3) 14.7 85.3  
Child sex     0.186
Male 15345 (51.2) 12.3 87.7  
Female 14647 (48.8) 11.7 88.3  
Preceding birth interval     <0.001*
<2years 5196 (17.3) 12.4 87.6  
2-3 years 9748 (32.5) 10.8 89.2  
>3-4years 5150 (17.2) 11.5 88.5  
>4years 5186 (17.3) 13.3 86.7  
First born 4712 (15.7) 13.4 86.6  
Birthweight     <0.001*
Low birthweight (<2.5kg) 379 (1.7) 23.0 77.0  
Normal (≥2.5kg) 21413 (98.3) 11.8 88.2  
Household wealth quintile     <0.001*
Poorest 6296 (21.0) 7.8 92.2  
Poorer 6418 (21.4) 10.5 89.5  
Middle 6350 (21.2) 12.4 87.6  
Richer 5946 (19.8) 14.4 85.6  
Richest 4982 (16.6) 17.2 82.8  
Household size     0.001*
1-4 9719 (32.4) 13.2 86.8  
5-8 13444 (44.8) 11.9 88.1  
8+ 6829 (22.8) 10.9 89.1  
Residential status     <0.001*
Urban 11259 (37.5) 14.3 85.7  
Rural 18733 (62.5) 10.8 89.2  
Geographical region     <0.001*
North Central 5452 (18.2) 8.3 91.7  
North East 5694 (19.0) 14.6 85.4  
North West 7745 (25.8) 11.5 88.5  
South East 3617 (12.1) 5.9 94.1  
South South 3501 (11.7) 19.9 80.1  
South West 3983 (13.3) 13.4 86.6  
Community non-use of media     <0.001*
Low 20082 (67.0) 14.3 85.7  
High 9910 (33.0) 8.1 91.9  
Community poverty     <0.001*
Low 17829 (59.4) 14.3 85.7  
High 12163 (40.6) 9.1 90.9  
Community illiteracy     <0.001*
Low 13878 (46.3) 15.5 84.5  
High 16114 (53.7) 9.5 90.5  
  1. *Significant at p<0.05