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Table 1 Description of the sample of participating women (n = 110)

From: Changes in diet from pregnancy to one year after birth: a longitudinal study

Socio-demographics
Age at t0 (pregnancy) mean (sd, range) 32.9 (4.0, 24–41)
SES n (%) middle 58 (53%)
n (%) high 52 (47%)
School degree n (%) highest (German “Abitur”) 89 (81%)
n (%) lower 16 (15%)
n (%) missing 5 (4%)
BMI before pregnancy
BMI mean (sd, range) 23.3 (5.19, 16.4–53.5)
Weight statusa n (%) underweight 6 (6%)
n (%) normal weight 73 (66%)
n (%) overweight 10 (9%)
n (%) obese 8 (7%)
n (%) missing 13 (12%)
Pregnancy
Week of gestation n (%) 37–38 16 (15%)
n (%) 39–40 73 (66%)
n (%) 41 21 (19%)
Previous pregnancies n (%) yes 55 (50%)
Previous births n (%) yes 39 (35%)
Complications pregnancyb n (%) yes 29 (26%)
Residency
Residency n (%) urban 87 (79%)
n (%) suburban/rural 18 (16%)
n (%) missing 5 (5%)
  1. aWeight groups were categorized based on the following cut-offs [26]: underweight: BMI < 18.5, normal weight: BMI 18.5–24.9, overweight: BMI 25–29.5, obese: BMI > 30
  2. bComplications may include general disease, long-term medication, mental stress, bleeding, placenta previa, multiple births, hydramnion, oligohydramnios, uncertainties regarding date of birth, placental insufficiency, cervical weakness, premature labor, anemia, urinary tract infection, positive indirect Coombs test, abnormal serum findings, protein excretion 1%, hypertension, hypotension, edema, gestational diabetes, adjustment anomaly, or others