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Table 2 Cross-tabulation of adverse neonatal outcomes by maternal variables (entries are percentages (%))

From: Mood instability, depression, and anxiety in pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes

Variables Measure Apgar 1 minute score <7 a Apgar 5 minute score <7 a Pre-term birth (< 37 weeks)b Low birth weight (<2.5 kg) b Small for gestational ageb
Depression EPDS < 12 14.78 3.23 6.39 4.36 8.11
EPDS ≥ 12 14.61 3.37 6.45 2.13 6.52
Anxiety EPDS Anxiety subscale < 6 13.86 2.45 6.03 3.72 7.79
EPDS Anxiety subscale ≥ 6 18.28 6.45 7.84 4.81 7.92
Mood instability ≤ average 14.03 3.62 6.02 4.00 8.84
> average 15.48 2.93 6.80 3.91 6.83
Alcohol use Not at all 14.22 3.61 6.21 4.16 7.98
Yes, at some point 20.00 0.00 8.33 2.04 6.38
Smoking No 15.11 3.36 6.05 3.76 6.50
Yes 11.36 2.27 9.26 5.45 18.87
Stress 0-2 stressors 10.75 3.29 6.99 4.29 9.57
3+ stressors 18.22 3.23 5.90 3.65 6.32
Partner support Yes 14.48 3.22 5.94 3.77 7.01
No 19.23 3.85 13.79 6.90 21.43
Parity (First-time mothers) No 14.09 3.09 5.71 2.52 4.46*
Yes 15.88 3.53 7.57 6.32 13.51*
Exercise Yes 14.60 2.84 7.56 4.89 8.72
No 15.07 4.17 3.85 1.89 5.81
  1. a17% missing values, b10% missing values
  2. *p < 0.001 (significant after Bonferroni correction)