Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive results for the study (N = 7758)

From: Individual and community-level factors associated with home birth: a mixed effects regression analysis of 2017–2018 Benin demographic and health survey

Study variables Weighted (N) Weighted (%) Home births (Weighted %) X2(p-value)
Individual-level factors
Age     3.3133(0.191)
   ≤ 19 388 5 16  
  20–34 5446 70 14  
   ≥ 35 1924 25 15  
Wealth status     1.0e+ 03(0.000)
  Poorest 1671 22 35  
  Poorer 1606 21 17  
  Middle 1589 20 11  
  Richer 1535 20 4  
  Richest 1357 17 0.4  
Religion     56.5548(0.000)
  Religious 7329 94 13  
  Non-religious 429 6 27  
Education     343.6895(0.000)
  Without formal education 5155 66 19  
  Formal education 2603 34 4  
Marital status     5.6783(0.017)
  Married 6132 79 14  
  Cohabiting 1626 21 14  
Total children ever born     74.8063(0.000)
  1–2 births 2762 35 11  
  3–4 births 2465 32 10  
   ≥ 5 2531 33 6  
Occupation     21.3699(0.000)
  Not working 1324 17 18  
  Working 6434 83 13  
Partner’s education     500.2258(0.000)
  Without formal education 4296 55 22  
  Formal education 3462 45 4  
Access to mass media     200.3966(0.000)
  No 5410 70 18  
  Yes 2348 30 6  
Getting medical help for self: getting permission to go     261.6552(0.000)
  Big problem 1920 25 26  
  Not a big problem 5838 75 10  
Getting medical help for self: getting money needed for treatment     59.6779(0.000)
  Big problem 4235 55 16  
  Not a big problem 3523 45 11  
Getting medical help for self: distance to health facility     363.2372(0.000)
  Big problem 2200 35 24  
  Not a big problem 5058 65 9  
ANC visits     103.1457(0.000)
  Below recommended 7056 91 15  
  Recommended 702 9 1  
Health decision making     112.9952(0.000)
  Alone 717 9 9  
  Respondent and partner 2633 34 10  
  Others 4408 57 18  
Community-level factors
Residence     137.7570(0.000)
  Urban 2903 37 9  
  Rural 4855 63 18  
Sex of household head     42.4693(0.000)
  Male 6731 87 15  
  Female 1027 13 8  
Community literacy level     842.8920(0.000)
  Low 2742 35 28  
  Medium 2490 32 11  
  High 2526 33 2  
Community socioeconomic status     773.1515(0.000)
  Low 4083 53 24  
  Medium 1169 15 6  
  High 2506 32 1  
  1. Source: 2017–18 BDHS