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Table 1 Population characteristics of women with a history of prior cesarean birth overall and by mode of delivery, January 2017 – April 2020

From: The association of timing of repeat cesarean with outcomes among a cohort of Guatemalan women with a history of prior cesarean birth

  Women giving birth by cesarean
N = 2208
Pre-labor cesarean birth
n = 1312, 59.4%
Intrapartum cesarean birth
n = 896, 40.6%
P-value
Sociodemographics
 Age in years [IQR] 27 [23,31] 27 [23,31] 26 [22,30]  < 0.001a
 Schooling n, %     0.05b
  Illiterate
  Literate, no school
  Schooling
93, 4.2%
13, 0.6%
2102, 95.2%
44, 3.4%
8, 0.6%
1260, 96.0%
49, 5.5%
5, 0.5%
842, 94.0%
 
 Parity n, %     0.91c
  1
  2
  3 + 
1294, 58.6%
662, 30.0%
252, 11.4%
765, 58.3%
398, 30.3%
149, 11.4%
529, 59.0%
264, 29.5%
103, 11.5%
 
 BMI kg/m2     0.004b
   < 18.5
  18.5 – 24.9
  25 – 29.9
  \(\ge\) 30
10, 0.4%
633, 28.6%
952, 43.2%
613, 27.8%
5, 0.4%
346, 26.3%%
565, 43.1%
396, 30.2%
5, 0.6%
287, 32.0%
387, 43.2%
217, 24.2%
 
Antepartum & obstetric characteristics
 IPI in months [IQR] 29.1 [16.1,48.1] 30.3 [17.3,50.6] 26.3 [14.8,45.1]  < 0.001a
 Antenatal care n, % 2172, 98.4% 1293, 98.6% 879, 98.1% 0.41c
 Female sex of baby n, % 1120, 50.8% 663, 50.6% 457, 51.0% 0.84c
  Missing 1, 0.1% 1, 0.1% 0, 0.0%  
 Birthweight in grams [IQR] 2890 [2637,3147] 2892 [2640,3150] 2860 [2608, 3120] 0.13a
  Missing 2, 0.1% 2, 0.1% 0, 0.0%  
 Term gestational age n, % 2075, 94.0% 1232, 93.9% 843, 94.1% 0.86c
 Obstructed labor n, % 101, 4.6% 36, 2.7% 65, 7.2%  < 0.001c
 Antepartum hemorrhage n, % 5, 0.2% 2, 0.2% 3, 0.3% 0.40b
 Hypertensive disease n, % 153, 6.9% 110, 8.4% 43, 4.8% 0.001c
 Induction of labor n, % 22, 1.0% 10, 0.8% 12, 1.3% 0.18c
 Referred in labor n, %     0.23c
  Yes
  Missing
417, 18.9%
1, 0.04%
237, 18.1%
0, 0.0%
180, 20.1%
1, 0.1%
 
 Attendant n, %     0.18c
  Non-OB MD
  OB
68, 3.1%
2140, 96.9%
35, 2.7%
1277, 97.3
33, 3.7%
863, 96.3%
 
Delivery location n, %      < 0.001c
  Hospital
  Other
2053, 93.0%
154, 7.0%
1195, 91.1%
116, 8.9%
858, 95.8%
38, 4.2%
 
  1. All tests performed excluding missing data
  2. IPI interpregnancy interval
  3. a kruskall-wallis
  4. b fishers exact
  5. c chi2